How to format your references using the Archives of Internal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Internal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Schimel D. Ecology. Climate change and crop yields: beyond Cassandra. Science. 2006;312(5782):1889-1890.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sebolt-Leopold JS, English JM. Mechanisms of drug inhibition of signalling molecules. Nature. 2006;441(7092):457-462.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Muraoka T, Kinbara K, Aida T. Mechanical twisting of a guest by a photoresponsive host. Nature. 2006;440(7083):512-515.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Denham TP, Haberle SG, Lentfer C, et al. Origins of agriculture at Kuk Swamp in the highlands of New Guinea. Science. 2003;301(5630):189-193.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Singh MP, Huhns MN. Service-Oriented Computing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1.
Inoue K, Ohwada H, Yamamoto A, eds. Inductive Logic Programming: 25th International Conference, ILP 2015, Kyoto, Japan, August 20-22, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Vol 9575. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sengupta N, Grant MB, Caballero S, Boulton ME. Hematopoietic Stem Cells in Vascular Development and Ocular Neovascularization. In: Joussen AM, Gardner TW, Kirchhof B, Ryan SJ, eds. Retinal Vascular Disease. Springer; 2007:78-96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Internal Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Fly Over Pluto With This Animated Video From NASA’s New Horizons. IFLScience. Published July 20, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/space/fly-over-pluto-animated-video-nasas-new-horizons/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Telephone Communications: The FCC’s Monitoring of Residential Telephone Service. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Michaels JL. Changing Cooperation to Competition Disrupts Attitudes and Valence: First Test of a Dynamical Model. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Brantley B. Into a World of Fantasy, Where the Sorcerers Take Center Stage. New York Times. January 6, 2017:C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Internal Medicine
AbbreviationArch. Intern. Med.
ISSN (print)0003-9926
ISSN (online)1538-3679
ScopeInternal Medicine

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