How to format your references using the Archives of Internal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Internal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. Fact or fiction? Nature. 2003;425(6954):219.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Krabbenhoft DP, Sunderland EM. Environmental science. Global change and mercury. Science. 2013;341(6153):1457-1458.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Gans J, Wolinsky M, Dunbar J. Computational improvements reveal great bacterial diversity and high metal toxicity in soil. Science. 2005;309(5739):1387-1390.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Zang H, Yan L, Li M, et al. Magneto-dielectric effects induced by optically-generated intermolecular charge-transfer states in organic semiconducting materials. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2812.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Mory M. Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineering. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Kaczorek T. Fractional Linear Systems and Electrical Circuits. Vol 13. (Rogowski K, ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rashid F, Feng F, Rashid A. Community Perceptions of Ecological Disturbances Caused During Terrorists Invasion and Counter-Insurgency Operations in Swat, Pakistan. In: Oswald Spring Ú, Brauch HG, Serrano Oswald SE, Bennett J, eds. Regional Ecological Challenges for Peace in Africa, the Middle East, Latin America and Asia Pacific. The Anthropocene: Politik—Economics—Society—Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016:91-105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Internal Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Blocking Inflammation For Too Long Could Be Bad For Your Heart. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/blocking-inflammation-too-long-could-be-bad-your-heart/. Published February 26, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Strategic Sourcing: Opportunities Exist to Better Manage Information Technology Services Spending. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bible PW. Integrating Heterogeneous Datasets for Functional Profiling of Transcription Factors and Their Target Genes. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly C. Doing Business In Small Quarters. New York Times. November 5, 2000:14WC8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Internal Medicine
AbbreviationArch. Intern. Med.
ISSN (print)0003-9926
ISSN (online)1538-3679
ScopeInternal Medicine

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