How to format your references using the Archives of Internal Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Internal Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Walsh CT. Polyketide and nonribosomal peptide antibiotics: modularity and versatility. Science. 2004;303(5665):1805-1810.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Géléoc GSG, Holt JR. Sound strategies for hearing restoration. Science. 2014;344(6184):1241062.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Navrotsky A, Mazeina L, Majzlan J. Size-driven structural and thermodynamic complexity in iron oxides. Science. 2008;319(5870):1635-1638.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Zhang Y, Ge X, Yang F, et al. Comparison of non-canonical PAMs for CRISPR/Cas9-mediated DNA cleavage in human cells. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5405.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ventre D. Information Warfare. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Heng S-H, Kurosawa K, eds. Provable Security: 4th International Conference, ProvSec 2010, Malacca, Malaysia, October 13-15, 2010. Proceedings. Vol 6402. Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Inaba K, Mizuno K, Shiba K. Structure, Function, and Phylogenetic Consideration of Calaxin. In: Sawada H, Inoue N, Iwano M, eds. Sexual Reproduction in Animals and Plants. Springer Japan; 2014:49-57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Internal Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Could Jurassic Park Ever Come True? IFLScience. Published April 1, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/could-jurassic-park-ever-come-true/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Older Driver Safety: Knowledge Sharing Should Help States Prepare for Increase in Older Driver Population. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Alexander RT. Can the analytical hierarchy process model be effectively applied in the prioritization of information assurance defense in-depth measures? - a quantitative study. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Billard M. Scouting Report. New York Times. May 13, 2010:E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Internal Medicine
AbbreviationArch. Intern. Med.
ISSN (print)0003-9926
ISSN (online)1538-3679
ScopeInternal Medicine

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