How to format your references using the Archives of General Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of General Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garsin DA. Microbiology. Peptide signals sense and destroy target cells. Science. 2004;306(5705):2202-2203.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mendelsohn ME, Karas RH. Molecular and cellular basis of cardiovascular gender differences. Science. 2005;308(5728):1583-1587.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dominguez G, Wilkins G, Thiemens MH. The Soret effect and isotopic fractionation in high-temperature silicate melts. Nature. 2011;473(7345):70-73.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fontana M, Deppe T, Boyd AK, et al. Electron-hole transport and photovoltaic effect in gated MoS2 Schottky junctions. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1634.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tagliani M. The Practical Guide to Wall Street. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Göransson B, Brundenius C, eds. L’université En Transition: L’évolution de Son Rôle et Des Défis à Relever. Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
von Weizsäcker EU. Contagious Knowledge: Contagion as a Quality Criterion for Disciplinary and Interdisciplinary Science. In: von Weizsäcker EU, ed. Ernst Ulrich von Weizsäcker: A Pioneer on Environmental, Climate and Energy Policies. SpringerBriefs on Pioneers in Science and Practice. Springer International Publishing; 2014:34-51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of General Psychiatry.

Blog post
Andrews R. This Cyborg Stingray Is Built From Genetically Engineered Solar-Powered Heart Cells. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mexican Trucking Wages. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wead MO. Fear and Doubt. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. On Racy Christopher Street, Anxiety Over a Possible BID. New York Times. September 22, 2002:147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of General Psychiatry
AbbreviationArch. Gen. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0003-990X
ISSN (online)1538-3636
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles