How to format your references using the Archives of General Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of General Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Snyder SH. Neuroscience. Adam finds an exciting mate. Science. 2006;313(5794):1744-1745.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krasnopolsky VA, Feldman PD. Detection of molecular hydrogen in the atmosphere of Mars. Science. 2001;294(5548):1914-1917.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gambardella A, Prezioso M, Cavallini M. Tunnel conductivity switching in a single nanoparticle-based nano floating gate memory. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4196.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zadnik K, Jones LA, Irvin BC, et al. Myopia and ambient night-time lighting. CLEERE Study Group. Collaborative Longitudinal Evaluation of Ethnicity and Refractive Error. Nature. 2000;404(6774):143-144.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nicholls DL, Piergrossi JC, Gibertoni C de S, Daniel MA. Psychoanalytic Thinking in Occupational Therapy. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Jordan R, ed. Surface-Initiated Polymerization II. Vol 198. Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Beattie M, Bulacu D, Raianu Ş. Balanced Bilinear Forms for Corings. In: Brzeziński T, Gómez Pardo JL, Shestakov I, Smith PF, eds. Modules and Comodules. Birkhäuser; 2008:87-99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of General Psychiatry.

Blog post
Fang J. Doctors Restore Motion to a Paralyzed Hand. IFLScience. Published May 21, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Status of Telecommunications Efforts in the General Accounting Office. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Laird EC. Training Social Workers to Use Solution-Focused Interviewing with Child Protective Services Clients: A Grant Proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hayes S by T. The Chess Set on a Table Between Two Chairs. New York Times. July 21, 2017:MM19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of General Psychiatry
AbbreviationArch. Gen. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0003-990X
ISSN (online)1538-3636
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles