How to format your references using the Archives of General Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of General Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zellers D. Scientists and societies. Building a regional postdoc community. Nature. 2005;433(7022):178.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li D, Caffrey M. Renaturing membrane proteins in the lipid cubic phase, a nanoporous membrane mimetic. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5806.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hayes D, Griffin GB, Engel GS. Response to Comment on “Engineering coherence among excited states in synthetic heterodimer systems.” Science. 2014;344(6188):1099.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Castellone MD, Teramoto H, Williams BO, Druey KM, Gutkind JS. Prostaglandin E2 promotes colon cancer cell growth through a Gs-axin-beta-catenin signaling axis. Science. 2005;310(5753):1504-1510.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Voit B, Haag R, Appelhans D, Welzel PB. Bio- and Multifunctional Polymer Architectures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
Jewitt D. Trans-Neptunian Objects and Comets. Vol 35. (Morbidelli A, Rauer H, eds.). Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Brazal AM, de Guzman ES. Intercultural Church: A Challenge in the Asian Migrant Context. In: Padilla E, Phan PC, eds. Christianities in Migration: The Global Perspective. Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016:71-88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of General Psychiatry.

Blog post
Davis J. “Cuddle Hormone” May Help Chimpanzees Wage War. IFLScience. Published January 9, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Rail Security: Some Actions Taken to Enhance Passenger and Freight Rail Security, but Significant Challenges Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Janpengpen A. Monitoring and forecasting biosolids odors at prior lime and post lime addition in wastewater treatment plants. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. Kendrick Lamar Returns to No. 1. New York Times. August 14, 2017:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of General Psychiatry
AbbreviationArch. Gen. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0003-990X
ISSN (online)1538-3636
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles