How to format your references using the Archives of General Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of General Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Budd GE. A palaeontological solution to the arthropod head problem. Nature. 2002;417(6886):271-275.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li L, Weidner DJ. Effect of phase transitions on compressional-wave velocities in the Earth’s mantle. Nature. 2008;454(7207):984-986.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liljeroth P, Repp J, Meyer G. Current-induced hydrogen tautomerization and conductance switching of naphthalocyanine molecules. Science. 2007;317(5842):1203-1206.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chretien JP, Gaydos JC, Malone JL, Blazes DL. Global network could avert pandemics. Nature. 2006;440(7080):25-26.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kuo JB, Lin S-C. Low-Voltage SOI CMOS VLSI Devices and Circuits. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2002.
An edited book
Scholl HPN, Massof RW, West S, eds. Ophthalmology and the Ageing Society. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Mimura N, Shikida A, Yamao M. Policy for Conservation and Sustainable Development of the Coastal Zone. In: Mimura N, ed. Asia-Pacific Coasts and Their Management: States of Environment. Coastal Systems and Continental Margins. Springer Netherlands; 2008:173-253.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of General Psychiatry.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientist Spotlight: Frederick Sanger. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Department of Transportation: Flexible Funding Within Federal Highway Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boudreau PD. Orthogonality in Natural Products Workflows. Published online 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson M. ‘Jersey Boys’ to Have Off Broadway Run. New York Times. August 10, 2017:C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of General Psychiatry
AbbreviationArch. Gen. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0003-990X
ISSN (online)1538-3636
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles