How to format your references using the Archives of General Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of General Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
von Hippel PH. Biochemistry. Completing the view of transcriptional regulation. Science. 2004;305(5682):350-352.
A journal article with 2 authors
Coulson T, Clegg S. Population biology: fur seals signal their own decline. Nature. 2014;511(7510):414-415.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jedema FJ, Filip AT, van Wees BJ. Electrical spin injection and accumulation at room temperature in an all-metal mesoscopic spin valve. Nature. 2001;410(6826):345-348.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lam H, Oh D-C, Cava F, et al. D-amino acids govern stationary phase cell wall remodeling in bacteria. Science. 2009;325(5947):1552-1555.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Martindale W. Global Food Security and Supply. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Hörmann K. Surgery for Sleep Disordered Breathing. (Verse T, ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Nagoshi JL, Nagoshi CT, Brzuzy S. Transgender and Trans-Identity Theory. In: Nagoshi CT, Brzuzy S, eds. Gender and Sexual Identity: Transcending Feminist and Queer Theory. New York, NY: Springer; 2014:73-89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of General Psychiatry.

Blog post
Fang J. Fossilized Brain of World’s Earliest Predator Found. IFLScience. Published July 17, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Continued Investment in Key Accounting Systems Needs to Be Justified. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Woodard J. Emergent properties. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. A Pop-Up Showcase. New York Times. October 28, 2010:E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of General Psychiatry
AbbreviationArch. Gen. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0003-990X
ISSN (online)1538-3636
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health

Other styles