How to format your references using the West European Politics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for West European Politics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abdool Karim, Salim S. (2011). ‘Stigma impedes AIDS prevention’, Nature, 474:7349, 29–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gregg, J. Marty, and Amit Kumar (2014). ‘Applied physics: trawling for complements’, Nature, 510:7506, 481–482.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pozzi, F., T. Di Matteo, and T. Aste (2013). ‘Spread of risk across financial markets: better to invest in the peripheries’, Scientific reports, 3, 1665.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
King, Mary-Claire, Joan H. Marks, Jessica B. Mandell, and New York Breast Cancer Study Group (2003). ‘Breast and ovarian cancer risks due to inherited mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 302:5645, 643–646.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heimann, Robert B., and Hans D. Lehmann (2015). Bioceramic Coatings for Medical Implants. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
English, Leona M. (2012). Learning with Adults: A Critical Pedagogical Introduction. Peter Mayo (ed.). Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Campbell, R. Jean, and Cheryl R. Hann (2009). ‘Eye and Adnexa’, in Brenda L. Waters (ed.), Handbook of Autopsy Practice. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 69–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for West European Politics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise (2016). ‘The Science Of Why Are Some People Attracted To Children’, IFLScience, (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006). ‘Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations: Actions Needed to Clarify Responsibilities and Increase Preparedness for Evacuations’, , Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thomack, Andrew Random Harmonic Polynomials. Doctoral dissertation, Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Haikalis, George ‘Don’t Rehab La Guardia Airport. Close It’. New York Times, May 8, A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abdool Karim 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Abdool Karim 2011; Gregg and Kumar 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gregg and Kumar 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (King et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleWest European Politics
AbbreviationWest Eur. Polit.
ISSN (print)0140-2382
ISSN (online)1743-9655
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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