How to format your references using the West European Politics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for West European Politics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brody, Herb (2012). ‘Human papillomavirus’, Nature, 488:7413, S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richardson, C., and M. Jasin (2000). ‘Frequent chromosomal translocations induced by DNA double-strand breaks’, Nature, 405:6787, 697–700.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dunningham, Jacob, Alexander Rau, and Keith Burnett (2005). ‘From pedigree cats to fluffy-bunnies’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 307:5711, 872–875.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Raines, Kevin S. et al. (2010). ‘Three-dimensional structure determination from a single view’, Nature, 463:7278, 214–217.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cardon, Alain, and Mhamed Itmi (2016). New Autonomous Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Anandarajan, Murugan, ed. (2010). e-Research Collaboration: Theory, Techniques and Challenges. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Azarmand, Zeinab, and Ensiyeh Neishabouri (2009). ‘Location Allocation Problem’, in Reza Zanjirani Farahani and Masoud Hekmatfar (eds.), Facility Location: Concepts, Models, Algorithms and Case Studies, Contributions to Management Science. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD, 93–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for West European Politics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise (2015). ‘How Jaws Kicked Off Our 40-Year Love Affair With Sharks’, IFLScience, (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). ‘Public-Private Competitions: Access to Records Is Inhibiting Work on Congressional Mandates’, , Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pecue, Caleb J. Utilizing Audiovisual Stimuli in the Classroom to Facilitate Pronunciation of French Stop Consonants. Doctoral dissertation, Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, Kelly ‘Home Is Where The Food Is Grown’. New York Times, November 16, NJ1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brody 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Brody 2012; Richardson and Jasin 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richardson and Jasin 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Raines et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleWest European Politics
AbbreviationWest Eur. Polit.
ISSN (print)0140-2382
ISSN (online)1743-9655
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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