How to format your references using the Brazilian Journal of Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brazilian Journal of Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elliott T (2002) Geophysics. Caught offside. Science 295:55–57
A journal article with 2 authors
Sakaguchi S, Powrie F (2007) Emerging challenges in regulatory T cell function and biology. Science 317:627–629
A journal article with 3 authors
Mignot T, Merlie JP Jr, Zusman DR (2005) Regulated pole-to-pole oscillations of a bacterial gliding motility protein. Science 310:855–857
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kumar R, Chaudhary K, Gupta S, et al (2013) CancerDR: cancer drug resistance database. Sci Rep 3:1445

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mann S (2010) Microsoft® SharePoint® Server 2010 Bible. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA
An edited book
Duch W, Kacprzyk J, Oja E, Zadrożny S (eds) (2005) Artificial Neural Networks: Formal Models and Their Applications – ICANN 2005: 15th International Conference, Warsaw, Poland, September 11-15, 2005. Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Zinnikus I, Komazec S, Facca F (2012) An Integration of Semantically Enabled Service Oriented Architectures and Agent Platforms. In: Fischer K, Müller JP, Levy R (eds) Agent-Based Technologies and Applications for Enterprise Interoperability: International Workshops ATOP 2009, Budapest, Hungary, May 12, 2009, and ATOP 2010, Toronto, ON, Canada, May 10, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 76–94

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brazilian Journal of Botany.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2015) Scientists Photograph Rare Teddy Bear-Like Creature For The First Time In Decades. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Tactical Airlift: Issues Concerning Air Force Plans for Pacific Distribution System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Potter RH (2017) Marx Generator Charged via Biperiodic Resonant Cascaded Transformers. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) Twins Deal Sends Colon To Minors. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Elliott 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Elliott 2002; Sakaguchi and Powrie 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sakaguchi and Powrie 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Kumar et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBrazilian Journal of Botany
AbbreviationRev. Bras. Bot.
ISSN (print)0100-8404
ISSN (online)1806-9959

Other styles