How to format your references using the Brazilian Journal of Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brazilian Journal of Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Duncan R (2015) Earth science: Deadly combination. Nature 527:172–173
A journal article with 2 authors
Vasquez CG, Martin AC (2015) Cell biology: Death drags down the neighbourhood. Nature 518:171–173
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang N, Xu Y, Jiang D (2014) High-performance heterogeneous catalysis with surface-exposed stable metal nanoparticles. Sci Rep 4:7228
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Stefater JA 3rd, Lewkowich I, Rao S, et al (2011) Regulation of angiogenesis by a non-canonical Wnt-Flt1 pathway in myeloid cells. Nature 474:511–515

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Afoakwa EO (2016) Chocolate Science and Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Ellerton NF (2014) Abraham Lincoln’s Cyphering Book and Ten other Extraordinary Cyphering Books. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Bassetti M, Della Siega P, Pecori D (2015) Light and Shade of New Antibiotics. In: Vincent J-L (ed) Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 63–83

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brazilian Journal of Botany.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Scientists Discover A Potential Anti-HIV Protein In Corals. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) NSF’s Academic Facilities Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lin H-C (2013) Depression screening in ambulatory care. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt MS (2017) Mueller Inquiry Seeks Documents On Trump Firings. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Duncan 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Vasquez and Martin 2015; Duncan 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vasquez and Martin 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Stefater et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleBrazilian Journal of Botany
AbbreviationRev. Bras. Bot.
ISSN (print)0100-8404
ISSN (online)1806-9959

Other styles