How to format your references using the Brazilian Journal of Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brazilian Journal of Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell K (2003) High-tech, high society. Nature 426:720–721
A journal article with 2 authors
Wignall AE, Herberstein ME (2013) Male courtship vibrations delay predatory behaviour in female spiders. Sci Rep 3:3557
A journal article with 3 authors
Tran J, Brenner TJ, DiNardo S (2000) Somatic control over the germline stem cell lineage during Drosophila spermatogenesis. Nature 407:754–757
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liao S-H, Jhuo H-J, Yeh P-N, et al (2014) Single junction inverted polymer solar cell reaching power conversion efficiency 10.31% by employing dual-doped zinc oxide nano-film as cathode interlayer. Sci Rep 4:6813

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vignes A (2013) Extractive Metallurgy 1. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Boulton AJM (2009) Managing Neuropathic Pain in the Diabetic Patient, Second Edition. Springer Healthcare Ltd., Tarporley
A chapter in an edited book
Truong KN, Patel SN, Summet JW, Abowd GD (2005) Preventing Camera Recording by Designing a Capture-Resistant Environment. In: Beigl M, Intille S, Rekimoto J, Tokuda H (eds) UbiComp 2005: Ubiquitous Computing: 7th International Conference, UbiComp 2005, Tokyo, Japan, September 11-14, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 73–86

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brazilian Journal of Botany.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017) Scientists Can Now Do Quantum Hacking. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) Missile Development: Development Status of the Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vestergaard EV (2015) The shadow in Latvian mythological legends: A Jungian perspective. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yancy G (2016) I Am a Dangerous Professor. New York Times SR7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Powell 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Powell 2003; Wignall and Herberstein 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wignall and Herberstein 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Liao et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBrazilian Journal of Botany
AbbreviationRev. Bras. Bot.
ISSN (print)0100-8404
ISSN (online)1806-9959

Other styles