How to format your references using the Brazilian Journal of Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brazilian Journal of Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin V (2002) While industrial agrobiotech R&D falters, opportunities in plant biology in the public sector are growing. Nature 419:4–5
A journal article with 2 authors
Ash C, Jasny BR (2005) Trypanosomatid genomes. Introduction. Science 309:399
A journal article with 3 authors
Kreiman G, Koch C, Fried I (2000) Imagery neurons in the human brain. Nature 408:357–361
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sugiura T, Ogawa H, Fukuda N, Moriguchi T (2013) Changes in the taste and textural attributes of apples in response to climate change. Sci Rep 3:2418

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Agachi PŞ, Nagy ZK, Cristea MV, Imre-Lucaci Á (2006) Model Based Control. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Galavotti MC, Nemeth E, Stadler F (eds) (2014) European Philosophy of Science – Philosophy of Science in Europe and the Viennese Heritage. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Velde B, Barré P (2010) The Chemistry and Mineralogy of Plant and Soil Interactions: Plant as Manipulators of Their Environment. In: Barré P (ed) Soils, Plants and Clay Minerals: Mineral and Biologic Interactions. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 171–254

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brazilian Journal of Botany.

Blog post
Luntz S (2016) World War I Antiseptic Could Be Revived To Treat Superbugs. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Joint Strike Fighter Acquisition: Cooperative Program Needs Greater Oversight to Ensure Goals Are Met. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reyes J (2009) Connections: A grant proposal for mothers struggling with substance abuse in the child welfare system. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J (2016) A Civil War Classic Endures. New York Times BR4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Gewin 2002; Ash and Jasny 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ash and Jasny 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Sugiura et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBrazilian Journal of Botany
AbbreviationRev. Bras. Bot.
ISSN (print)0100-8404
ISSN (online)1806-9959

Other styles