How to format your references using the Brazilian Journal of Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brazilian Journal of Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
May M (2014) Antibiotics. Nature 509:S1
A journal article with 2 authors
Wood BJ, Halliday AN (2010) The lead isotopic age of the Earth can be explained by core formation alone. Nature 465:767–770
A journal article with 3 authors
Tanjeem N, Kawazoe T, Yatsui T (2013) CO2 phonon mode renormalization using phonon-assisted energy up-conversion. Sci Rep 3:3341
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Audet J, Wong G, Wang H, et al (2014) Molecular characterization of the monoclonal antibodies composing ZMAb: a protective cocktail against Ebola virus. Sci Rep 4:6881

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson RK (2012) Visual Data Mining. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Rutkowski L, Tadeusiewicz R, Zadeh LA, Zurada JM (eds) (2008) Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing – ICAISC 2008: 9th International Conference Zakopane, Poland, June 22-26, 2008 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Brachman PS, Kaufmann AF (2009) Anthrax. In: Brachman PS, Abrutyn E (eds) Bacterial Infections of Humans: Epidemiology and Control. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 105–119

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brazilian Journal of Botany.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Off-Kilter Planets Could Host Life. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Program Administration at the Atterbury Job Corps Center in Indiana. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vargo G (2010) Social protest and the novel: Chartism, the radical press, and early Victorian fiction. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grimes W (2015) Eldar Ryazanov, 88, Dies; Famed Russian Director Was a Master of Satire. New York Times B14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (May 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Wood and Halliday 2010; May 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wood and Halliday 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Audet et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBrazilian Journal of Botany
AbbreviationRev. Bras. Bot.
ISSN (print)0100-8404
ISSN (online)1806-9959

Other styles