How to format your references using the Behavioral and Brain Functions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Behavioral and Brain Functions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Hipps KW. Molecular electronics. It’s all about contacts. Science. 2001;294:536–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Yosef I, Qimron U. Microbiology: How bacteria get spacers from invaders. Nature. 2015;519:166–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gélinas Y, Baldock JA, Hedges JI. Organic carbon composition of marine sediments: effect of oxygen exposure on oil generation potential. Science. 2001;294:145–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Cho J, Jeon S, Wilson SA, Liu LV, Kang EA, Braymer JJ, et al. Structure and reactivity of a mononuclear non-haem iron(III)-peroxo complex. Nature. 2011;478:502–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gramß T, Bornholdt S, Groß M, Mitchell M, Pellizzari T. Non-Standard Computation. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1. Cardwell PJ, editor. EU External Relations Law and Policy in the Post-Lisbon Era. The Hague, The Netherlands: T. M. C. Asser Press; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Wilkins A. Mechanisms of Disease Progression. In: Wilkins A, editor. Progressive Multiple Sclerosis. London: Springer; 2013. p. 71–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Behavioral and Brain Functions.

Blog post
1. Fang J. New 600-Million-Year-Old Fossil is the World’s Oldest Sponge [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/new-600-million-year-old-fossil-worlds-oldest-sponge/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Department of Housing and Urban Development: Lack of Accountability for Computer Equipment Leaves These Assets Vulnerable to Loss or Misappropriation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Apr. Report No.: GAO-04-520R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Angell BD. Transformational Innovation and Transformational Leadership in the U.S. Government Department of Defense Acquisitions Workforce [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. Consequences in a Fiscal Plan. New York Times. 2012 Dec 20;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBehavioral and Brain Functions
AbbreviationBehav. Brain Funct.
ISSN (online)1744-9081
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Behavioral Neuroscience
Biological Psychiatry
Cognitive Neuroscience

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