How to format your references using the Behavioral and Brain Functions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Behavioral and Brain Functions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Trounson A. Keith H. Campbell (1954-2012). Nature. 2012;491:193.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Yethiraj A, van Blaaderen A. A colloidal model system with an interaction tunable from hard sphere to soft and dipolar. Nature. 2003;421:513–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Christeson GL, McIntosh KD, Karson JA. Inconsistent correlation of seismic layer 2a and lava layer thickness in oceanic crust. Nature. 2007;445:418–21.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Seifermann SM, Réthoré C, Muller T, Bräse S. Soccer goes BOXing: synthetic access to novel [6:0] hexakis[(bisoxazolinyl)methano]fullerenes. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Schwartz RA, Carew MG, Maksimenko T. Micro Markets Workbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Menoni S, Margottini C, editors. Inside Risk: A Strategy for Sustainable Risk Mitigation. Milano: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Li H, Li F, Lou Y. A Novel Image Retrieval Method Based on Fractal Code and Fuzzy Set. In: Patnaik S, Li X, editors. Proceedings of International Conference on Computer Science and Information Technology: CSAIT 2013, September 21–23, 2013, Kunming, China. New Delhi: Springer India; 2014. p. 31–7.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Behavioral and Brain Functions.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. NASA Tests 3D Printed Rocket Parts [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/nasa-tests-3d-printed-rocket-parts/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Preliminary Information on the Small Business Technology Transfer Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Jan. Report No.: RCED-96-19.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Medlej M. Assessing the Probability of Prototyping Success in Systems Acquisitions (APOPS) [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Yankees’ Old Ways Catch Up With Them. New York Times. 2012 Oct 20;D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBehavioral and Brain Functions
AbbreviationBehav. Brain Funct.
ISSN (online)1744-9081
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Behavioral Neuroscience
Biological Psychiatry
Cognitive Neuroscience

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