How to format your references using the Journal of Marine Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mervis, J. Department of Energy. Nominee Scores Cabinet Hat Trick. Science 2004, 306, 2018.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gunn, P.P.; Joiner, S.D. Certificates Should Be Strengthened. Science 2009, 323, 1289–1290; author reply 1298-90.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, B.; Parquette, J.R.; RajanBabu, T.V. Regiodivergent Ring Opening of Chiral Aziridines. Science 2009, 326, 1662.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Isomura, T.; Ito, H.; Ogawa, S.; Masataka, N. Absence of Predispositional Attentional Sensitivity to Angry Faces in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 7525.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Overhauser, A. Anomalous Effects in Simple Metals; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2010; ISBN 9783527631469.
An edited book
Student Teaching: A Journey in Narratives; Fasching-Varner, K.J., Eisworth, H.B., Mencer, T.H., Lindbom-Cho, D.R., Murray, M.C., Morton, B.C., Eds.; SensePublishers: Rotterdam, 2013; ISBN 9789462094888.
A chapter in an edited book
Berger, E.; Yorukoglu, D.; Berger, B. HapTree-X: An Integrative Bayesian Framework for Haplotype Reconstruction from Transcriptome and Genome Sequencing Data. In Research in Computational Molecular Biology: 19th Annual International Conference, RECOMB 2015, Warsaw, Poland, April 12-15, 2015, Proceedings; Przytycka, T.M., Ed.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 28–29 ISBN 9783319167053.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Marine Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Ancient Exoplanet Could Support Life Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office IRS Management: Business and Systems Modernization Pose Challenges; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1999;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hammarsten, C. Decorated Heegaard Diagrams and Combinatorial Heegaard Floer Homology. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Submarine Appeal In European Court. New York Times 2005, A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Marine Science and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Mar. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (online)2077-1312

Other styles