How to format your references using the Journal of Marine Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Qiu, J. China tightens up. Nature 2007, 448, 636–637.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jensen, L.J.; Bork, P. Biochemistry. Not comparable, but complementary. Science 2008, 322, 56–57.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kasuya, A.; Sakabe, J.-I.; Tokura, Y. Potential application of in vivo imaging of impaired lymphatic duct to evaluate the severity of pressure ulcer in mouse model. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4173.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Page, N.M.; Woods, R.J.; Gardiner, S.M.; Lomthaisong, K.; Gladwell, R.T.; Butlin, D.J.; Manyonda, I.T.; Lowry, P.J. Excessive placental secretion of neurokinin B during the third trimester causes pre-eclampsia. Nature 2000, 405, 797–800.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allen, M. Foundations of Forensic Document Analysis; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2015; ISBN 9781118729922.
An edited book
Handbook of Human Resources Management; Zeuch, M., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2016; ISBN 9783662441510.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, X.; Sun, J.; Sun, M. A Hybrid Model of Connectors in Cyber-Physical Systems. In Formal Methods and Software Engineering: 16th International Conference on Formal Engineering Methods, ICFEM 2014, Luxembourg, Luxembourg, November 3-5, 2014. Proceedings; Merz, S., Pang, J., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; pp. 59–74 ISBN 9783319117362.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Marine Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. New NASA Mission Will Visit An Asteroid That Has A Slim Chance Of Hitting Earth Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Economies Obtainable by Increasing Days at Sea of Oceanographic Research and Survey Ships; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1970;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sanute, P.J. What power? A mixed methods study of nonformal education teacher perceptions of social power. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University: Minneapolis, MN, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. Mets’ Young Starters Come at Bargain Price in 2017. New York Times 2016, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Marine Science and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Mar. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (online)2077-1312

Other styles