How to format your references using the Journal of Marine Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chapman, T. Mining the Proteome. Nature 2004, 430, 109.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwartz, M.A.; Chen, C.S. Cell Biology. Deconstructing Dimensionality. Science 2013, 339, 402–404.
A journal article with 3 authors
Medina, P.P.; Nolde, M.; Slack, F.J. OncomiR Addiction in an in Vivo Model of MicroRNA-21-Induced Pre-B-Cell Lymphoma. Nature 2010, 467, 86–90.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Evans, M.J.; von Hahn, T.; Tscherne, D.M.; Syder, A.J.; Panis, M.; Wölk, B.; Hatziioannou, T.; McKeating, J.A.; Bieniasz, P.D.; Rice, C.M. Claudin-1 Is a Hepatitis C Virus Co-Receptor Required for a Late Step in Entry. Nature 2007, 446, 801–805.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wolf, R.A. Atmospheric Pressure Plasma for Surface Modification; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2012; ISBN 9781118547519.
An edited book
Spatial Econometrics: Methods and Applications; Arbia, G., Baltagi, B.H., Eds.; Studies in Empirical Economics; Physica-Verlag HD: Heidelberg, 2009; ISBN 9783790820690.
A chapter in an edited book
Kendall, T.; Wolfram, W. Engagement Through Data Management and Preservation: The North Carolina Language and Life Project and the Sociolinguistic Archive and Analysis Project. In Creating and Digitizing Language Corpora: Volume 3: Databases for Public Engagement; Corrigan, K.P., Mearns, A., Eds.; Palgrave Macmillan UK: London, 2016; pp. 133–157 ISBN 9781137386441.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Marine Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Hale, T. What Is The Ideal “Golden Number” Of Previous Sexual Partners For Men And Women? Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Head Start: Further Development Could Allow Results of New Test to Be Used for Decision Making; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2005;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, C.A. Teacher and Student Perceptions of Bullying at Leclaire School. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University: Edwardsville, IL, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. Elegies for a Homeless Man By Friends He Left Behind. New York Times 2001, 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Marine Science and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Mar. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (online)2077-1312

Other styles