How to format your references using the Journal of Marine Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diamond, J. Social science. The benefits of multilingualism. Science 2010, 330, 332–333.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dunn, R.A.; Martinez, F. Contrasting crustal production and rapid mantle transitions beneath back-arc ridges. Nature 2011, 469, 198–202.
A journal article with 3 authors
London, A.J.; Kimmelman, J.; Emborg, M.E. Research ethics. Beyond access vs. protection in trials of innovative therapies. Science 2010, 328, 829–830.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yao, L.; Wei, T.; Zeng, A.; Fan, Y.; Di, Z. Ranking scientific publications: the effect of nonlinearity. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6663.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davidson, P.W.; Prasher, V.P.; Janicki, M.P. Mental Health, Intellectual Disabilities, and the Aging Process; Blackwell Publishing Ltd: Oxford, UK, 2008; ISBN 9780470776179.
An edited book
Policy-Oriented Technology Assessment Across Europe: Expanding Capacities; Klüver, L., Nielsen, R.Ø., Jørgensen, M.L., Eds.; Palgrave Macmillan UK: London, 2016; ISBN 9781349850952.
A chapter in an edited book
Leal, D.L. Immigration Policy Versus Immigration Politics: Latinos and the Reform Debate. In Undecided Nation: Political Gridlock and the Immigration Crisis; Payan, T., de la Garza, E., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; pp. 79–95 ISBN 9783319064796.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Marine Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J. 30 New Fly Species Discovered in Los Angeles Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Secure Flight: TSA Should Take Additional Steps to Determine Program Effectiveness; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2014;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Obasi, F.I. Policy analysis of the Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W. Cities Urge Public Pension Funds to Divest From Gun Makers. New York Times 2013, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Marine Science and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Mar. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (online)2077-1312

Other styles