How to format your references using the Archives of Animal Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Animal Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Murphy CJ. 2002. Materials science. Nanocubes and nanoboxes. Science. 298(5601):2139–2141.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sikes JM, Newmark PA. 2013. Restoration of anterior regeneration in a planarian with limited regenerative ability. Nature. 500(7460):77–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chung K, Lee C-H, Yi G-C. 2010. Transferable GaN layers grown on ZnO-coated graphene layers for optoelectronic devices. Science. 330(6004):655–657.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Mair A, Vaziri A, Weihs G, Zeilinger A. 2001. Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons. Nature. 412(6844):313–316.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ngwira M, Manase D. 2015. Public Sector Property Asset Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Prouff E, Schaumont P, editors. 2012. Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems – CHES 2012: 14th International Workshop, Leuven, Belgium, September 9-12, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Engell S, Paulen R, Reniers MA, Sonntag C, Thompson H. 2015. Core Research and Innovation Areas in Cyber-Physical Systems of Systems. In: Mousavi MR, Berger C, editors. Cyber Physical Systems Design, Modeling, and Evaluation: 5th International Workshop, CyPhy 2015, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, October 8, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 40–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Animal Nutrition.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 2016. Two Children in Every Class Start School With An Unexplained Language Disorder. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Ocean Research Fleet: NOAA Needs to Plan for Long-Term Fleet Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shirley A. 2012. Connecting foster children with their siblings within a summer camp setting: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S. 2016. Front Porches and Easy Strolls. New York Times.:RE8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Murphy 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Murphy 2002; Sikes & Newmark 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sikes & Newmark 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Mair et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Animal Nutrition
AbbreviationArch. Anim. Nutr.
ISSN (print)1745-039X
ISSN (online)1477-2817
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Medicine
General Veterinary

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