How to format your references using the Archives of Animal Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Animal Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nicholls H. 2015. Conservation biology: Wild at heart. Nature. 528(7583):474–475.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alexandrakis G, Poulos SΕ. 2014. An holistic approach to beach erosion vulnerability assessment. Sci Rep. 4:6078.
A journal article with 3 authors
Knauth LP, Burt DM, Wohletz KH. 2005. Impact origin of sediments at the Opportunity landing site on Mars. Nature. 438(7071):1123–1128.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Li Z-Y, Wang Y-Z, He L-M, Zheng H-J. 2014. Metabolic profiles of prokaryotic and eukaryotic communities in deep-sea sponge Neamphius huxleyi [corrected]. indicated by metagenomics. Sci Rep. 4:3895.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Curry SH, Whelpton R. 2010. Drug Disposition and Pharmacokinetics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Banik BK, editor. 2010. Heterocyclic Scaffolds I: ß-Lactams. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Abu-Zurayk M, Brezillon J. 2014. Aero-Elastic Multipoint Optimization Using the Coupled Adjoint Approach. In: Dillmann A, Heller G, Krämer E, Kreplin H-P, Nitsche W, Rist U, editors. New Results in Numerical and Experimental Fluid Mechanics IX: Contributions to the 18th STAB/DGLR Symposium, Stuttgart, Germany, 2012. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 45–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Animal Nutrition.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2016. Solar Impulse Plane Completes Record-Breaking Flight Around The World Powered Only By The Sun. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. District of Columbia Public Schools: Availability of Funds and the Cost of FY 1997 Roof Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liu Y. 2013. Analysis on the distinct path in a star interconnection network [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fernandez M, Fausset R. 2017. Houston Mayor’s Grave Dilemma: Whether to Tell Residents to Stay or Go. New York Times.:A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nicholls 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Alexandrakis and Poulos 2014; Nicholls 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alexandrakis and Poulos 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Animal Nutrition
AbbreviationArch. Anim. Nutr.
ISSN (print)1745-039X
ISSN (online)1477-2817
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Medicine
General Veterinary

Other styles