How to format your references using the Archives of Animal Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Animal Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Türler A. 2015. Nuclear chemistry: Lawrencium bridges a knowledge gap. Nature. 520(7546):166–167.
A journal article with 2 authors
Selby D, Creaser RA. 2005. Direct radiometric dating of hydrocarbon deposits using rhenium-osmium isotopes. Science. 308(5726):1293–1295.
A journal article with 3 authors
Clevers H, Loh KM, Nusse R. 2014. Stem cell signaling. An integral program for tissue renewal and regeneration: Wnt signaling and stem cell control. Science. 346(6205):1248012.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Steinle-Neumann G, Stixrude L, Cohen RE, Gülseren O. 2001. Elasticity of iron at the temperature of the Earth’s inner core. Nature. 413(6851):57–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Speight JG. 2005. Environmental Analysis and Technology for the Refining Industry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Vissers CA. 2016. Architectural Design: Conception and Specification of Interactive Systems. Pires LF, Quartel DAC, van Sinderen M, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Patel SKS, Kumar P, Singh M, Lee J-K, Kalia VC. 2015. Integrative Approach for Biohydrogen and Polyhydroxyalkanoate Production. In: Kalia VC, editor. Microbial Factories: Biofuels, Waste treatment: Volume 1. New Delhi: Springer India; p. 73–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Animal Nutrition.

Blog post
Evans K. 2017. Bookworms Are Nicer, Kinder, And More Empathetic People, According To New Study. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Aviation Security: Flight and Cabin Crew Member Security Training Strengthened, but Better Planning and Internal Controls Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Trinooson TE. 2010. CFD investigations of a round jet with coil insert in crossflow [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch J. 2017. Why Durant Wears 35. New York Times.:SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Türler 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Selby and Creaser 2005; Türler 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Selby and Creaser 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Steinle-Neumann et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Animal Nutrition
AbbreviationArch. Anim. Nutr.
ISSN (print)1745-039X
ISSN (online)1477-2817
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Medicine
General Veterinary

Other styles