How to format your references using the Archives of Animal Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Animal Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Finkel E. 2000. SCIENCE FUNDING: Australian Researchers Go for the Gold. Science. 290:255–257.
A journal article with 2 authors
Löytynoja A, Goldman N. 2009. Evolution. Uniting alignments and trees. Science. 324:1528–1529.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dominguez P, Jacobson AG, Jefferies RPS. 2002. Paired gill slits in a fossil with a calcite skeleton. Nature. 417:841–844.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Ferguson AD, Chakraborty R, Smith BS, Esser L, van der Helm D, Deisenhofer J. 2002. Structural basis of gating by the outer membrane transporter FecA. Science. 295:1715–1719.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Xiong K. 2014. Resource Optimization and Security for Cloud Services. Hoboken, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pawar KS, Rogers H, Potter A, Naim M, editors. 2016. Developments in Logistics and Supply Chain Management: Past, Present and Future. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Burgher F, Yoshimura CA, Pierre G, Bodson L. 2014. Practical Aspects of Skin Chemical Exposure and Management. In: Maibach HI, Hall AH, editors. Chemical Skin Injury: Mechanisms, Prevention, Decontamination, Treatment. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 197–231.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Animal Nutrition.

Blog post
Taub B. 2016. Psychopaths Probably Do Experience Fear But May Be Unable To Sense Danger. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Homeland Security: Oversight of Neglected Human Resources Information Technology Investment Is Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lucas MA. 2017. Bridging the Gap Between Schools and Families Through Teacher Home Visits [Doctoral dissertation]. St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G. 2012. Quantum Leaps. New York Times.:BR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Finkel 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Finkel 2000; Löytynoja & Goldman 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Löytynoja & Goldman 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Ferguson et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Animal Nutrition
AbbreviationArch. Anim. Nutr.
ISSN (print)1745-039X
ISSN (online)1477-2817
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Medicine
General Veterinary

Other styles