How to format your references using the Archives of Animal Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Animal Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeFelipe J. 2010. From the connectome to the synaptome: an epic love story. Science. 330(6008):1198–1201.
A journal article with 2 authors
Müller J, Müller CW. 2014. Structural biology: Enzyme-chromatin complex visualized. Nature. 514(7524):572–573.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peltier WR, Liu Y, Crowley JW. 2007. Snowball Earth prevention by dissolved organic carbon remineralization. Nature. 450(7171):813–818.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Zhu J, Huang B, Zhang R-H, Hu Z-Z, Kumar A, Balmaseda MA, Marx L, Kinter JL 3rd. 2014. Salinity anomaly as a trigger for ENSO events. Sci Rep. 4:6821.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Budisa N. 2005. Engineering the Genetic Code. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Shahid SA. 2014. United Arab Emirates Keys to Soil Taxonomy. Abdelfattah MA, Wilson MA, Kelley JA, Chiaretti JV, editors. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kosnik L. 2006. Breakthrough Demand-Capacity Management Strategies to Improve Hospital Flow, Safety, and Satisfaction. In: Hall RW, editor. Patient Flow: Reducing Delay in Healthcare Delivery. Boston, MA: Springer US; p. 101–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Animal Nutrition.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 2016. How To Tell If Your Boss Is A Psychopath – And What To Do About It. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Mass Transit: Grants Management Oversight Improving, but Better Follow-up Needed on Grantees’ Noncompliance. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coppock JE. 2017. Optical and Magnetic Measurements of a Levitated, Gyroscopically Stabilized Graphene Nanoplatelet [Doctoral dissertation]. College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson M. 2017. 47 Years Later, a Murder Victim Defined by Aliases Has a Name. New York Times.:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (DeFelipe 2010).
This sentence cites two references (DeFelipe 2010; Müller and Müller 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Müller and Müller 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Animal Nutrition
AbbreviationArch. Anim. Nutr.
ISSN (print)1745-039X
ISSN (online)1477-2817
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Medicine
General Veterinary

Other styles