How to format your references using the Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brumfiel G. 2003. High-voltage shock sparks fusion from X-ray crush. Nature. 422(6932):549.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weaver AJ, Hillaire-Marcel C. 2004. Ocean science. Global warming and the next ice age. Science. 304(5669):400–402.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hunt N, McGrath D, Stergiou N. 2014. The influence of auditory-motor coupling on fractal dynamics in human gait. Sci Rep. 4:5879.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Eisenhauer N, Stefanski A, Fisichelli NA, Rice K, Rich R, Reich PB. 2014. Warming shifts “worming”: effects of experimental warming on invasive earthworms in northern North America. Sci Rep. 4:6890.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pearce R, Barnes S. 2006. Raising Venture Capital. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Ribeiro PA, Raposo M, editors. 2016. Photoptics 2014: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Photonics, Optics and Laser Technology Revised Selected Papers. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Norcliffe E, Konopka AE. 2015. Vision and Language in Cross-Linguistic Research on Sentence Production. In: Mishra RK, Srinivasan N, Huettig F, editors. Attention and Vision in Language Processing. New Delhi: Springer India; p. 77–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2014. Rising Temperatures Lead To A Higher Proportion Of Girls Being Born Than Boys. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Information Technology Utilization by the Federal Government. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schreiber JS. 2016. Discursive constructions of decline: Narratives of illness and financial stress among residents in assisted living [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. 2017. Sharapova’s Entry to Wimbledon: Qualify. New York Times.:D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brumfiel 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Brumfiel 2003; Weaver and Hillaire-Marcel 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weaver and Hillaire-Marcel 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Eisenhauer et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Agronomy and Soil Science
AbbreviationArch. Acker Pflanzenbau Bodenkd.
ISSN (print)0365-0340
ISSN (online)1476-3567
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Soil Science

Other styles