How to format your references using the Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rothchild L. 2000. This Year’s . . Science. 289(5481):871–872.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang X, Huang B. 2014. Computational study of in-plane phonon transport in Si thin films. Sci Rep. 4:6399.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ziegler AD, Fox JM, Xu J. 2009. Agriculture. The rubber juggernaut. Science. 324(5930):1024–1025.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Dolling G, Enkrich C, Wegener M, Soukoulis CM, Linden S. 2006. Simultaneous negative phase and group velocity of light in a metamaterial. Science. 312(5775):892–894.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Massotte P, Corsi P. 2017. Smart Decisions in Complex Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Vadhan SP, editor. 2007. Theory of Cryptography: 4th Theory of Cryptography Conference, TCC 2007, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, February 21-24, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tu Z, Xu X. 2016. Requirement Pattern Elicitation Approach of Massive Customers in Domain Oriented Service Requirement Engineering. In: Mertins K, Jardim-Gonçalves R, Popplewell K, Mendonça JP, editors. Enterprise Interoperability VII: Enterprise Interoperability in the Digitized and Networked Factory of the Future. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 53–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science.

Blog post
Andrew D. 2016. Why You Should Dispense With Antibacterial Soaps. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Federal Efforts to Ensure Continued Delivery of Key State-Administered Benefits. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gerhart T. 2013. Convex optimization techniques and their application in hyperspectral video processing [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hanc J. 2017. Skills-Gap Fixes. New York Times.:F4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rothchild 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Rothchild 2000; Wang and Huang 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Huang 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Dolling et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Agronomy and Soil Science
AbbreviationArch. Acker Pflanzenbau Bodenkd.
ISSN (print)0365-0340
ISSN (online)1476-3567
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Soil Science

Other styles