How to format your references using the Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. 2003. California dreaming: San Diego. Nature. 422(6928):240–241.
A journal article with 2 authors
Park H, Crozier KB. 2013. Multispectral imaging with vertical silicon nanowires. Sci Rep. 3:2460.
A journal article with 3 authors
Palm NW, Rosenstein RK, Medzhitov R. 2012. Allergic host defences. Nature. 484(7395):465–472.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Hale R, Mavrogordato MN, Tolhurst TJ, Solan M. 2014. Characterizations of how species mediate ecosystem properties require more comprehensive functional effect descriptors. Sci Rep. 4:6463.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vignes A. 2013. Extractive Metallurgy 2. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cao Z. 2008. Low-Power High-Speed ADCs for Nanometer CMOS Integration. Yan S, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Heitzer M, Eckert A, Fuhrmann M, Griesbeck C. 2007. Influence of Codon Bias on the Expression of Foreign Genes in Microalgae. In: León R, Galván A, Fernández E, editors. Transgenic Microalgae as Green Cell Factories. New York, NY: Springer; p. 46–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science.

Blog post
Davis J. 2016. Jaguars May Have Evolved To Hunt Particularly Dangerous Prey. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Export Controls: International Space Station Technology Transfers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Obasi FI. 2012. Policy analysis of the Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008 [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fink S. 2016. Even Nightmares Are Classified. New York Times.:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2003; Park & Crozier 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Park & Crozier 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Hale et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Agronomy and Soil Science
AbbreviationArch. Acker Pflanzenbau Bodenkd.
ISSN (print)0365-0340
ISSN (online)1476-3567
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Soil Science

Other styles