How to format your references using the Journal of Phonetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Phonetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Storz, J. F. (2010). Evolution. Genes for high altitudes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5987), 40–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shiroguchi, K., & Kinosita, K., Jr. (2007). Myosin V walks by lever action and Brownian motion. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5828), 1208–1212.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dhuime, B., Hawkesworth, C., & Cawood, P. (2011). Geochemistry. When continents formed. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6014), 154–155.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, C., Li, S., Liu, T., Borjigin, J., & Lin, J. D. (2007). Transcriptional coactivator PGC-1alpha integrates the mammalian clock and energy metabolism. Nature, 447(7143), 477–481.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaltashov, I. A., & Eyles, S. J. (2005). Mass Spectrometry in Biophysics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chli, M., & Wilde, P. de (Eds.). (2009). Convergence and Knowledge Processing in Multi-Agent Systems. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gardiner, J. M., & Atema, J. (2014). Flow Sensing in Sharks: Lateral Line Contributions to Navigation and Prey Capture. In H. Bleckmann, J. Mogdans, & S. L. Coombs (Eds.), Flow Sensing in Air and Water: Behavioral, Neural and Engineering Principles of Operation (pp. 127–146). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Phonetics.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, May 3). Glassfrogs Hatch Early When They’re Abandoned. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Purchases of Degrees from Diploma Mills (GAO-03-269R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De los Santos, E. (2014). Increasing the psychological well-being of undocumented Latino youth students in California: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Apuzzo, M., & Huetteman, E. (2017, May 9). White House Knew Flynn Lied, Ex-Official Testifies. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Storz, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Shiroguchi & Kinosita, 2007; Storz, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shiroguchi & Kinosita, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Dhuime et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Liu et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Phonetics
AbbreviationJ. Phon.
ISSN (print)0095-4470
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language
Speech and Hearing

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