How to format your references using the Journal of Phonetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Phonetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Giles, J. (2001). Relaxed restrictions blamed for rise in foot and mouth. Nature, 413(6852), 98.
A journal article with 2 authors
Conner, S. D., & Schmid, S. L. (2003). Regulated portals of entry into the cell. Nature, 422(6927), 37–44.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gridi-Papp, M., Rand, A. S., & Ryan, M. J. (2006). Animal communication: complex call production in the túngara frog. Nature, 441(7089), 38.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hester, J. J., Desch, S. J., Healy, K. R., & Leshin, L. A. (2004). Astronomy. The cradle of the solar system. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5674), 1116–1117.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coleman, D. D., Westcott, D. A., & Harkins, B. E. (2016). CWSP®: Certified Wireless Security Professional Study Guide CWSP-205. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bres, S., & Laurini, R. (Eds.). (2006). Visual Information and Information Systems: 8th International Conference, VISUAL 2005, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, July 5, 2005, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 3736). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lucey, T. A., Agnello, M. F., & Laney, J. D. (2015). Planning and Money Management. In M. F. Agnello & J. D. Laney (Eds.), A Critically Compassionate Approach to Financial Literacy (pp. 65–91). SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Phonetics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 15). Humanity Is In The Existential Danger Zone, Study Confirms. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Land Management Systems: Actions Needed in Completing the Automated Land and Mineral Record System Development (AIMD-98-107). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Campos-Doerfler, L. (2017). The Role of Sgs1 and Exo1 in the Maintenance of Genome Stability [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J. (2017, June 30). American Eyes on Race in Australia. New York Times, A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Giles, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Conner & Schmid, 2003; Giles, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Conner & Schmid, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Gridi-Papp et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hester et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Phonetics
AbbreviationJ. Phon.
ISSN (print)0095-4470
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language
Speech and Hearing

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