How to format your references using the Journal of Phonetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Phonetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diehl, R. A. (2005). Archaeology. Patterns of cultural primacy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5712), 1055–1056.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rossky, P. J., & Walker, G. C. (2010). Retrospective. Paul F. Barbara (1953-2010). Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6008), 1191.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tattersall, G. J., Andrade, D. V., & Abe, A. S. (2009). Heat exchange from the toucan bill reveals a controllable vascular thermal radiator. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5939), 468–470.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Campbell, G. K., Mun, J., Boyd, M., Medley, P., Leanhardt, A. E., Marcassa, L. G., Pritchard, D. E., & Ketterle, W. (2006). Imaging the Mott insulator shells by using atomic clock shifts. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5787), 649–652.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maré, J.-C. (2016). Aerospace Actuators 1. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ames, M. (2016). How Pop Culture Shapes the Stages of a Woman’s Life: From Toddlers-in-Tiaras to Cougars-on-the-Prowl (S. Burcon, Ed.). Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Raz, E., Tinelli, E., D’Ambrosio, F., & Caramia, F. (2013). Intracranial Circulation. In C. Catalano, M. Anzidei, & A. Napoli (Eds.), Cardiovascular CT and MR Imaging: From Technique to Clinical Interpretation (pp. 71–91). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Phonetics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 19). Hummingbird Tongues Are Tiny Pumps That Spring Open To Draw In Nectar. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Global Positioning System: Challenges in Sustaining and Upgrading Capabilities Persist (GAO-10-636). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lu, Y.-C. (2009). From confrontation to accommodation: China’s policy toward the U.S. in the post-Cold War era [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M. R., & Cochrane, E. (2017, August 25). Transgender Service Ban Gives Mattis Some Leeway. New York Times, A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Diehl, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Diehl, 2005; Rossky & Walker, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rossky & Walker, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Tattersall et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Campbell et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Phonetics
AbbreviationJ. Phon.
ISSN (print)0095-4470
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language
Speech and Hearing

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