How to format your references using the Journal of Phonetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Phonetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ramchandani, P. (2004). A question of balance. Nature, 430(6998), 401–402.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kornack, D. R., & Rakic, P. (2001). Cell proliferation without neurogenesis in adult primate neocortex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5549), 2127–2130.
A journal article with 3 authors
Andreae, M. O., Jones, C. D., & Cox, P. M. (2005). Strong present-day aerosol cooling implies a hot future. Nature, 435(7046), 1187–1190.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, H., Zhang, Y., Yao, X., Wu, Z., Zhang, X., Zhang, Y., & Xiao, M. (2014). Parametrically amplified bright-state polariton of four- and six-wave mixing in an optical ring cavity. Scientific Reports, 4, 3619.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blumberg, L. M. (2010). Temperature-Programmed Gas Chromatography. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Ghoshal, D. (Ed.). (2005). Current Perspectives in High Energy Physics: Lectures from SERC Schools. Hindustan Book Agency.
A chapter in an edited book
Timmis, J., Andrews, P., Owens, N., & Clark, E. (2008). Immune Systems and Computation: An Interdisciplinary Adventure. In C. S. Calude, J. F. Costa, R. Freund, M. Oswald, & G. Rozenberg (Eds.), Unconventional Computing: 7th International Conference, UC 2008 Vienna, Austria, August 25-28, 2008. Proceedings (pp. 8–18). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Phonetics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, May 23). Astronomers Create Largest Map Of The Universe Yet. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Navigation Systems (No. 094674). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Quinn, L. (2013). The poetics of soul: Mythic narrative as creative elegy [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M. R., & Schmitt, E. (2017, June 23). U.S. Sends Civilians to Stabilize Recaptured Syrian Areas. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ramchandani, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Kornack & Rakic, 2001; Ramchandani, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kornack & Rakic, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Andreae et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Phonetics
AbbreviationJ. Phon.
ISSN (print)0095-4470
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language
Speech and Hearing

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