How to format your references using the Journal of Phonetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Phonetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bard, E. (2001). Paleoclimate. Extending the calibrated radiocarbon record. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5526), 2443–2444.
A journal article with 2 authors
Klironomos, J. N., & Hart, M. M. (2001). Food-web dynamics. Animal nitrogen swap for plant carbon. Nature, 410(6829), 651–652.
A journal article with 3 authors
Oppo, D. W., McManus, J. F., & Cullen, J. L. (2003). Palaeo-oceanography: Deepwater variability in the Holocene epoch. Nature, 422(6929), 277.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shao, F., Golstein, C., Ade, J., Stoutemyer, M., Dixon, J. E., & Innes, R. W. (2003). Cleavage of Arabidopsis PBS1 by a bacterial type III effector. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5637), 1230–1233.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Teodorescu, P., Stănescu, N.-D., & Pandrea, N. (2013). Numerical Analysis with Applications in Mechanics and Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lin, C. Y.-Y. (2014). National Intellectual Capital and the Financial Crisis in Austria, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Switzerland (L. Edvinsson, J. Chen, & T. Beding, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Astuto, M., Serafini, G., Baroncini, S., Borrometi, F., Bortone, L., Ceschin, C., Gentili, A., Lampugnani, E., Mangia, G., Meneghini, L., Minardi, C., Montobbio, G., Pinzoni, F., Rosina, B., Rossi, C., Sammartino, M., Sahillioğlu, E., Sonzogni, R., Sonzogni, V., … Ingelmo, P. M. (2016). Preoperative Consideration in Common Pathological and Nonpathological Conditions. In M. Astuto & P. M. Ingelmo (Eds.), Perioperative Medicine in Pediatric Anesthesia (pp. 39–52). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Phonetics.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, April 4). Rubidium Doping Leads To New Solar Cell Efficiency Record. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Aviation Weather: FAA Needs to Resolve Questions Involving the Use of New Radars (RCED-90-17). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mavromati, A. (2012). One Foot In [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2012, May 5). Family of Seau Decides To Give Brain for Study. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bard, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bard, 2001; Klironomos & Hart, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Klironomos & Hart, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Oppo et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Shao et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Phonetics
AbbreviationJ. Phon.
ISSN (print)0095-4470
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language
Speech and Hearing

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