How to format your references using the Journal of Phonetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Phonetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wood, W. B. (2009). Science education. Revising the AP biology curriculum. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5948), 1627–1628.
A journal article with 2 authors
Funk, J. L., & Vitousek, P. M. (2007). Resource-use efficiency and plant invasion in low-resource systems. Nature, 446(7139), 1079–1081.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gregory, J. M., Huybrechts, P., & Raper, S. C. B. (2004). Climatology: threatened loss of the Greenland ice-sheet. Nature, 428(6983), 616.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Alison, M. R., Poulsom, R., Jeffery, R., Dhillon, A. P., Quaglia, A., Jacob, J., … Wright, N. A. (2000). Hepatocytes from non-hepatic adult stem cells. Nature, 406(6793), 257.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Passarelli, D. (2012). Trading Options Greeks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Onozuka, M., & Yen, C.-T. (Eds.). (2008). Novel Trends in Brain Science: Brain Imaging, Learning and Memory, Stress and Fear, and Pain. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Buchholz, T. A., Madary, D. A., Bork, D., & Younos, T. (2016). Stream Restoration in Urban Environments: Concept, Design Principles, and Case Studies of Stream Daylighting. In T. Younos & T. E. Parece (Eds.), Sustainable Water Management in Urban Environments (pp. 121–165). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Phonetics.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, August 25). Greenhouse Gases Melted Ice Age Glaciers. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Technology Transfer: NIH-Private Sector Partnership in the Development of Taxol (No. GAO-03-829). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coleman, E. D. (2014). The Nature of Leadership: A Case Study of Distributed Leadership Amidst A Participative Change Effort (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017, April 19). Too Shocking for Midtown in the 1920s. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wood, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Funk & Vitousek, 2007; Wood, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Funk & Vitousek, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Gregory, Huybrechts, & Raper, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Alison et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Phonetics
AbbreviationJ. Phon.
ISSN (print)0095-4470
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Linguistics and Language
Speech and Hearing

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