How to format your references using the Medical Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medical Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. McEwen BS. Neuroscience. Hormones and the social brain. Science. 2013;339:279–80.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Straub T, Becker PB. Comment on “Drosophila dosage compensation involves enhanced Pol II recruitment to male X-linked promoters.” Science. 2013;340:273.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Alvarado D, Klein DE, Lemmon MA. ErbB2 resembles an autoinhibited invertebrate epidermal growth factor receptor. Nature. 2009;461:287–91.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Liu T, Zhang Y, Cai JW, Pan HY. Thermally robust Mo/CoFeB/MgO trilayers with strong perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5895.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. McGeough JA. The Engineering of Human Joint Replacements. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1. Duffuaa SO. Planning and Control of Maintenance Systems: Modelling and Analysis. 2nd ed. 2015. Raouf A, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Balaji P, Buntinas D, Goodell D, Gropp W, Krishna J, Lusk E, et al. PMI: A Scalable Parallel Process-Management Interface for Extreme-Scale Systems. In: Keller R, Gabriel E, Resch M, Dongarra J, editors. Recent Advances in the Message Passing Interface: 17th European MPI Users’ Group Meeting, EuroMPI 2010, Stuttgart, Germany, September 12-15, 2010 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 31–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medical Oncology.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. Fukushima Disaster Gave Everyone On Earth An X-Ray Dose Of Radiation [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/fukushima-disaster-gave-everyone-on-earth-an-x-ray-dose-of-radiation/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Medicare Part D: CMS Has Implemented Processes to Oversee Plan Finder Pricing Accuracy and Improve Website Usability. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Jan. Report No.: GAO-14-143.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Adams CA. Impact of water management and agronomic practices on the performance of insecticide seed treatments against rice water weevil, Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus Kuschel, in Mississippi rice [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Stone RSR, a partner in the public affairs company of Black, Manafort, Stone, Kelly, Has Worked For, et al. How the G.O.P. Can Nail Down the Black Vote. New York Times. 1989 Sep 30;123.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMedical Oncology
AbbreviationMed. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1357-0560
ISSN (online)1559-131X
ScopeCancer Research
General Medicine
Hematology
Oncology

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