How to format your references using the Archive of Applied Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archive of Applied Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brand, S.: Earth monitoring: Whole Earth comes into focus. Nature. 450, 797 (2007)
A journal article with 2 authors
Kleinman, C.L., Majewski, J.: Comment on “Widespread RNA and DNA sequence differences in the human transcriptome.” Science. 335, 1302; author reply 1302 (2012)
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaeberlein, T., Lewis, K., Epstein, S.S.: Isolating “uncultivable” microorganisms in pure culture in a simulated natural environment. Science. 296, 1127–1129 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Klein, T.A., Neumann, J., Reuter, M., Hennig, J., von Cramon, D.Y., Ullsperger, M.: Genetically determined differences in learning from errors. Science. 318, 1642–1645 (2007)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Darling-Hammond, L., Meyerson, D., LaPointe, M., Terry Orr, M., Barber, M., Cohen, C., Dailey, K., Davis, S., Flessa, J., Murphy, J., Pecheone, R., Tushnet, N.: Preparing Principals for a Changing World. Jossey-Bas, San Francisco, CA, USA (2009)
An edited book
Pasterkamp, R.J. ed: Semaphorins: Receptor and Intracellular Signaling Mechanisms. Springer, New York, NY (2007)
A chapter in an edited book
Tiwari, R., Herstatt, C.: Growing Demand for Affordable Solutions. In: Herstatt, C. (ed.) Aiming Big with Small Cars: Emergence of a Lead Market in India. pp. 61–87. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archive of Applied Mechanics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: We Can Avoid Mass Extinction, But Time Is Running Out,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Fusion Energy: Actions Needed to Finalize Cost and Schedule Estimates for U.S. Contributions to an International Experimental Reactor. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2014)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haire, K.K.: Elucidation of the Role of Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase in Drug-Induced Toxicity, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J.: ‘True Detective’ To Return on HBO, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchive of Applied Mechanics
AbbreviationArch. Appl. Mech.
ISSN (print)0939-1533
ISSN (online)1432-0681
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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