How to format your references using the Archive of Applied Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archive of Applied Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cuk, M.: Excitation of lunar eccentricity by planetary resonances. Science. 318, 244 (2007)
A journal article with 2 authors
Schrag, D.P., Alley, R.B.: Physics. Ancient lessons for our future climate. Science. 306, 821–822 (2004)
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, L., Zeng, X., Wang, X.: Programmable hydrogenation of graphene for novel nanocages. Sci. Rep. 3, 3162 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, W., Zhang, W., Fang, X., Huang, Y., Liu, Q., Gu, J., Zhang, D.: Demonstration of higher colour response with ambient refractive index in Papilio blumei as compared to Morpho rhetenor. Sci. Rep. 4, 5591 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stuart, B.: Forensic Analytical Techniques: Stuart/Forensic Analytical Techniques. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2012)
An edited book
Zohdi, T.I., Wriggers, P. eds: An Introduction to Computational Micromechanics: Corrected Second Printing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2005)
A chapter in an edited book
Roland, C.M., Casalini, R.: Reorientational Relaxation Time at the Onset of Intermolecular Cooperativity. In: Rzoska, S., Drozd-Rzoska, A., and Mazur, V. (eds.) Metastable Systems under Pressure. pp. 53–61. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archive of Applied Mechanics.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Ants Self-Medicate To Ward Off Fungal Infections


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Problems in Administering Programs To Improve Law Enforcement Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1975)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nevin, M.J.: Addressing the Learning Outcomes and Assessment Methods Associated with Participation in Student Government Associations: A Qualitative Study of California Community Colleges, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S.: Fordham’s Big 3 Make Trip North Worthwhile, (2002)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchive of Applied Mechanics
AbbreviationArch. Appl. Mech.
ISSN (print)0939-1533
ISSN (online)1432-0681
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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