How to format your references using the Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stajic, J.: Quantum information processing. The future of quantum information processing. Introduction. Science. 339, 1163 (2013)
A journal article with 2 authors
Birren, S.J., Marder, E.: Neuroscience. Plasticity in the neurotransmitter repertoire. Science. 340, 436–437 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Hernlund, J.W., Thomas, C., Tackley, P.J.: A doubling of the post-perovskite phase boundary and structure of the Earth’s lowermost mantle. Nature. 434, 882–886 (2005)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Preker, P., Nielsen, J., Kammler, S., Lykke-Andersen, S., Christensen, M.S., Mapendano, C.K., Schierup, M.H., Jensen, T.H.: RNA exosome depletion reveals transcription upstream of active human promoters. Science. 322, 1851–1854 (2008)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bagrintseva, K.I.: Carbonate Reservoir Rocks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2015)
An edited book
Wu, Y. ed: Advanced Technology in Teaching - Proceedings of the 2009 3rd International Conference on Teaching and Computational Science (WTCS 2009): Volume 1: Intelligent Ubiquitous Computing and Education. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Velázquez, A., Medina García, C., Durán Medina, E., Amador, A., Gopar Merino, L.F.: The Inclusive Nature of SECLAVEMEX. In: Medina García, C., Durán Medina, E., Amador, A., and Gopar Merino, L.F. (eds.) Standardized Hierarchical Vegetation Classification: Mexican and Global Patterns. pp. 57–73. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Pumpkins Almost Went Extinct With Mastodons,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: GSA Lease Prospectuses Provide a Reasonable Basis for the Congress To Approve Proposed Space Acquisitions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1980)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sokoya, K.: A Historical Analysis of the Contributions of the Black Power Movement to Higher Education: 1960 – 1980, (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis
AbbreviationArch. Ration. Mech. Anal.
ISSN (print)0003-9527
ISSN (online)1432-0673
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mathematics (miscellaneous)

Other styles