How to format your references using the Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Banks, M.: Seeking a PhD abroad. Nature. 445, 680 (2007)
A journal article with 2 authors
Park, E., Rapoport, T.A.: Preserving the membrane barrier for small molecules during bacterial protein translocation. Nature. 473, 239–242 (2011)
A journal article with 3 authors
Sahu, G., Sukumaran, S., Bera, A.K.: Pannexins form gap junctions with electrophysiological and pharmacological properties distinct from connexins. Sci. Rep. 4, 4955 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhao, X., Xu, Z., Zheng, B., Gao, C.: Macroscopic assembled, ultrastrong and H(2)SO(4)-resistant fibres of polymer-grafted graphene oxide. Sci. Rep. 3, 3164 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhong, Q.-C., Hornik, T.: Control of Power Inverters in Renewable Energy and Smart Grid Integration. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom (2012)
An edited book
Bessière, P., Laugier, C., Siegwart, R. eds: Probabilistic Reasoning and Decision Making in Sensory-Motor Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Meduna, A., Zemek, P.: Chapter 4 Context-Based Grammatical Regulation. In: Zemek, P. (ed.) Regulated Grammars and Automata. pp. 39–154. Springer, New York, NY (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis.

Blog post
Fang, J.: How Do Chameleons Change The Color Of Their Skin?,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: The Process for Identifying Needs and Establishing Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1974)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roettger, M.E.: Three essays on social inequality and the U.S. criminal justice system, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L.: Roosevelt District on Mend With Acting Schools Chief, (2007)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis
AbbreviationArch. Ration. Mech. Anal.
ISSN (print)0003-9527
ISSN (online)1432-0673
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mathematics (miscellaneous)

Other styles