How to format your references using the Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moazed, D.: Molecular biology. Rejoice--RNAi for yeast. Science. 326, 533–534 (2009)
A journal article with 2 authors
Souza, A.M.C., Andrade, R.F.S.: Coin state properties in quantum walks. Sci. Rep. 3, 1976 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Ye, F., Burns, M.J., Naughton, M.J.: Structured metal thin film as an asymmetric color filter: the forward and reverse plasmonic halos. Sci. Rep. 4, 7267 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Al Ahmad, M., Mustafa, F., Ali, L.M., Rizvi, T.A.: Virus detection and quantification using electrical parameters. Sci. Rep. 4, 6831 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grous, A.: Fracture Mechanics 3. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA (2012)
An edited book
Fuerst, J.A. ed: Planctomycetes: Cell Structure, Origins and Biology. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, W.: Structural Engineering of Porous Anodic Aluminum Oxide (AAO) and Applications. In: Losic, D. and Santos, A. (eds.) Nanoporous Alumina: Fabrication, Structure, Properties and Applications. pp. 107–153. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Scientists Baffled To Find Sharks Living Inside An Active Volcano,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: HEW’s Refund Policies of Basic Grants and Other Student Aid Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1976)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kaplan, J.W.: Not a sonata: A conception of Sonata-Allegro form and a consideration of two marimba works from a Langerian perspective, (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: Back in Queens, Johnson Is Full of Memories and Statistics, (2013)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis
AbbreviationArch. Ration. Mech. Anal.
ISSN (print)0003-9527
ISSN (online)1432-0673
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mathematics (miscellaneous)

Other styles