How to format your references using the Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Linder, P.: Molecular biology. The life of RNA with proteins. Science. 304, 694–695 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Budd, A.F., Pandolfi, J.M.: Evolutionary novelty is concentrated at the edge of coral species distributions. Science. 328, 1558–1561 (2010)
A journal article with 3 authors
Yu, D.Y.W., Hoster, H.E., Batabyal, S.K.: Bulk antimony sulfide with excellent cycle stability as next-generation anode for lithium-ion batteries. Sci. Rep. 4, 4562 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Voets, T., Droogmans, G., Wissenbach, U., Janssens, A., Flockerzi, V., Nilius, B.: The principle of temperature-dependent gating in cold- and heat-sensitive TRP channels. Nature. 430, 748–754 (2004)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bai, Y.: Practical Database Programming with Visual Basic.NET. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2012)
An edited book
Tsihrintzis, G.A., Jain, L.C. eds: Multimedia Services in Intelligent Environments: Advanced Tools and Methodologies. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Mehling, H., Cabeza, L.F.: Design of latent heat storages. In: Cabeza, L.F. (ed.) Heat and cold storage with PCM: An up to date introduction into basics and applications. pp. 137–179. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: The Mathematics Of Pixar Movies,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: District of Columbia Draft Emergency Supplemental Funding Request for District of Columbia Public Schools. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1997)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McConnell, K.F.: Inventing pluralistic education: Compulsory schooling as technique of democratic deliberation, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, W. by J.: Silence Is Golden, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis
AbbreviationArch. Ration. Mech. Anal.
ISSN (print)0003-9527
ISSN (online)1432-0673
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mathematics (miscellaneous)

Other styles