How to format your references using the Urban Climate citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urban Climate. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blow, N., 2008. Metabolomics: Biochemistry’s new look. Nature 455, 697–700.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raviv, U., Klein, J., 2002. Fluidity of bound hydration layers. Science 297, 1540–1543.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tria, F., Pompei, S., Loreto, V., 2013. Dynamically correlated mutations drive human Influenza A evolution. Sci. Rep. 3, 2705.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bengtsson, M.M., Wagner, K., Burns, N.R., Herberg, E.R., Wanek, W., Kaplan, L.A., Battin, T.J., 2014. No evidence of aquatic priming effects in hyporheic zone microcosms. Sci. Rep. 4, 5187.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Niven, P.R., 2014. Balanced Scorecard Evolution. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Pnueli, A., Virbitskaite, I., Voronkov, A. (Eds.), 2010. Perspectives of Systems Informatics: 7th International Andrei Ershov Memorial Conference, PSI 2009, Novosibirsk, Russia, June 15-19, 2009. Revised Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gao, C., Yang, M., 2014. Robotic Surgery in Congenital Heart Diseases, in: Gao, C. (Ed.), Robotic Cardiac Surgery. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 61–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urban Climate.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Byzantine Skeleton Contains 800-Year-Old DNA From The Infection That Killed Her [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Space Station: NASA’s Search for Design, Cost, and Schedule Stability Continues (No. NSIAD-91-125). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Green, R.B., 2013. Bluetooth telemetry system for a wearable electrocardiogram (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nagourney, A., 2014. ‘Everyone Has a Game Plan Until You Punch them in the Mouth.’ New York Times MM20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blow, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Blow, 2008; Raviv and Klein, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raviv and Klein, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Bengtsson et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleUrban Climate
AbbreviationUrban Clim.
ISSN (print)2212-0955
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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