How to format your references using the Urban Climate citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urban Climate. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boehnke, K., 2015. Oh the humanities! Science 347, 1166.
A journal article with 2 authors
Strässer, K., Hurt, E., 2001. Splicing factor Sub2p is required for nuclear mRNA export through its interaction with Yra1p. Nature 413, 648–652.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wasan, D.T., Nikolov, A.D., Brenner, H., 2001. Fluid dynamics. Droplets speeding on surfaces. Science 291, 605–606.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, P., Xiong, Z., Luo, J., Lin, J., Tan, K.L., 2002. Interaction of hydrogen with metal nitrides and imides. Nature 420, 302–304.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Willan, A.R., Briggs, A.H., 2006. Statistical Analysis of Cost-effectiveness Data. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Grazioli, L., Olivetti, L. (Eds.), 2009. Imaging of Urogenital Diseases: A Color Atlas. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Monti, G., Greco, M., Cabrini, L., 2016. May an “Early” Renal Replacement Therapy Improve Survival?, in: Landoni, G., Pisano, A., Zangrillo, A., Bellomo, R. (Eds.), Reducing Mortality in Acute Kidney Injury. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 51–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urban Climate.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. Sound Waves Can Now Be Used To Hack Into Smartphones [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Federal Regulatory Policies (No. PAD-78-68). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schloesser, K., 2010. Improving services for persons with developmental disabilities through the utilization of person-centered thinking: A grant-writing project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2013. Sharing the Wealth as a Comic Book Goes Hollywood. New York Times BU5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boehnke, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Boehnke, 2015; Strässer and Hurt, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Strässer and Hurt, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleUrban Climate
AbbreviationUrban Clim.
ISSN (print)2212-0955
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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