How to format your references using the Urban Climate citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urban Climate. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dwek, E., 2006. Astronomy. The supernova origin of interstellar dust. Science 313, 178–180.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burns, C.G., Burns, C.E., 2014. Development. A crowning achievement for deciphering coronary origins. Science 345, 28–29.
A journal article with 3 authors
George, A.M., Iñiguez, J., Bellaiche, L., 2001. Anomalous properties in ferroelectrics induced by atomic ordering. Nature 413, 54–57.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Duan, X., Huang, Y., Cui, Y., Wang, J., Lieber, C.M., 2001. Indium phosphide nanowires as building blocks for nanoscale electronic and optoelectronic devices. Nature 409, 66–69.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Drake, P.P., Fabozzi, F.J., 2010. The Basics of Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rogers, R., 2005. Fundamentals of Forensic Practice: Mental Health and Criminal Law. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Bruns, D., Warren, P.A., 2011. Assessment of Psychosocial Contributions to Disability, in: Warren, P.A. (Ed.), Behavioral Health Disability: Innovations in Prevention and Management. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 73–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urban Climate.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. What Happens When You Mix Coca-Cola With Liquid Nitrogen? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1980. Public Issues Pertaining to Science and Technology (No. B-199444). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Konggidinata, M.I., 2017. Application and Modifications of Ordered Mesoporous Carbon (OMC) for BTEX Removal: Characterization, Adsorption Mechanisms, and Kinetic Studies (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M.R., 2017. ISIS Leader Killed, U.S. Says. New York Times A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dwek, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Burns and Burns, 2014; Dwek, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burns and Burns, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Duan et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleUrban Climate
AbbreviationUrban Clim.
ISSN (print)2212-0955
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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