How to format your references using the Urban Climate citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urban Climate. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fortney, J.J., 2004. Planetary science. Looking into the giant planets. Science 305, 1414–1415.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mogilner, A., Oster, G., 2003. Cell biology. Shrinking gels pull cells. Science 302, 1340–1341.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jin, Z., Li, P., Xiao, D., 2014. Enhanced electrocatalytic performance for oxygen reduction via active interfaces of layer-by-layered titanium nitride/titanium carbonitride structures. Sci. Rep. 4, 6712.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jiang, Z., Wen, G., Luo, Y., Zhang, X., Liu, Q., Liang, A., 2014. A new silver nanorod SPR probe for detection of trace benzoyl peroxide. Sci. Rep. 4, 5323.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Strachman, D., Bookbinder, R., 2009. Fund of Funds Investing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Timmel, C.R., Harmer, J.R. (Eds.), 2013. Structural Information from Spin-Labels and Intrinsic Paramagnetic Centres in the Biosciences, Structure and Bonding. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Siddiqui, N., Töre, H.G., Yaghmai, V., 2015. Post-locoregional Therapy Imaging of the Liver, in: Elsayes, K.M. (Ed.), Cross-Sectional Imaging of the Abdomen and Pelvis: A Practical Algorithmic Approach. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 97–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urban Climate.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Australia’s Post-2020 Climate Target Not Enough To Stop 2C Warming: Experts [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Review of Several Aspects of the Internal Revenue Service’s Proposed Computerized Tax Administration System (No. GGD-77-73). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tan, C., 2014. Conceptualizing Psychological History: Edgar Allan Poe and the Themes of the Normal and the Pathological, Life and Death (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hagerdon, M.L.K., 2016. The Triangle. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fortney, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Fortney, 2004; Mogilner and Oster, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mogilner and Oster, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Jiang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleUrban Climate
AbbreviationUrban Clim.
ISSN (print)2212-0955
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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