How to format your references using the Urban Climate citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urban Climate. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Couzin-Frankel, J., 2014. The elusive heart fix. Science 345, 252–257.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith, D.J., Whitehouse, I., 2012. Intrinsic coupling of lagging-strand synthesis to chromatin assembly. Nature 483, 434–438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reichenbach, T., Mobilia, M., Frey, E., 2007. Mobility promotes and jeopardizes biodiversity in rock-paper-scissors games. Nature 448, 1046–1049.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chambers, S.A., Droubay, T., Jennison, D.R., Mattsson, T.R., 2002. Laminar growth of ultrathin metal films on metal oxides: Co on hydroxylated alpha-Al2O3(0001). Science 297, 827–831.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Young, M.R., 2013. Financial Fraud Prevention and Detection. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rowiński, P. (Ed.), 2013. Experimental and Computational Solutions of Hydraulic Problems: 32nd International School of Hydraulics, GeoPlanet: Earth and Planetary Sciences. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Trevisanut, A.M., 2016. Re-membering, (Re-) appropriation, and Polyphony: SBS Independent and White Australian Memory, in: Marshall, P.D., D’Cruz, G., McDonald, S., Lee, K. (Eds.), Contemporary Publics: Shifting Boundaries in New Media, Technology and Culture. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 43–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urban Climate.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. How Quickly Would A Zombie Outbreak Spread? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Public Schools: Comparison of Achievement Results for Students Attending Privately Managed and Traditional Schools in Six Cities (No. GAO-04-62). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parajuli, B., 2014. Students’ Motivations towards Volunteerism: A Comparative Study of the United States and Nepal (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. All These Sleepless Nights. New York Times C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Couzin-Frankel, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Couzin-Frankel, 2014; Smith and Whitehouse, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smith and Whitehouse, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Chambers et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleUrban Climate
AbbreviationUrban Clim.
ISSN (print)2212-0955
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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