How to format your references using the Urban Climate citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Urban Climate. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russo, E., 2004. Fast Track: charting the course of your postdoc. Nature 431, 1126–1127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hopkinson, C.S., Jr, Vallino, J.J., 2005. Efficient export of carbon to the deep ocean through dissolved organic matter. Nature 433, 142–145.
A journal article with 3 authors
Libby, P., Ridker, P.M., Hansson, G.K., 2011. Progress and challenges in translating the biology of atherosclerosis. Nature 473, 317–325.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, S.J., Matsuura, Y., Liu, S.M., Stewart, M., 2005. Structural basis for nuclear import complex dissociation by RanGTP. Nature 435, 693–696.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Solomon, R., 2016. The Art of Client Service. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Marković, D., 2012. DSP Architecture Design Essentials, Electrical Engineering Essentials. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Garbett, D., 2014. Lessons on the Hoof: Learning About Teacher Education Through Horse-Riding, in: Ovens, A., Fletcher, T. (Eds.), Self-Study in Physical Education Teacher Education: Exploring the Interplay of Practice and Scholarship, Self-Study of Teaching and Teacher Education Practices. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 63–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Urban Climate.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2015. Ion Engine Breakthrough Could Take Us To Mars At A Fraction Of The Fuel [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. Air Traffic Control: FAA Enhanced the Controller-in-Charge Program, but More Comprehensive Evaluation is Needed (No. GAO-02-55). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De la Pena Wing, T., 2010. Remembering Malintzin’s dream: A bridge between two cultures through language and love (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S., 2000. Powell Leads Syracuse; Princeton Survives. New York Times 88.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Russo, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Hopkinson and Vallino, 2005; Russo, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hopkinson and Vallino, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleUrban Climate
AbbreviationUrban Clim.
ISSN (print)2212-0955
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
Geography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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