How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Barrett CB. Measuring food insecurity. Science. 2010;327:825–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Pasteris JD, Wopenka B. Laser-Raman spectroscopy: images of the Earth’s earliest fossils? Nature. 2002;420:476–7; discussion 477.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ehrsson HH, Spence C, Passingham RE. That’s my hand! Activity in premotor cortex reflects feeling of ownership of a limb. Science. 2004;305:875–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Liquori CL, Ricker K, Moseley ML, Jacobsen JF, Kress W, Naylor SL, et al. Myotonic dystrophy type 2 caused by a CCTG expansion in intron 1 of ZNF9. Science. 2001;293:864–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Scheer J. Failed Bridges. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
1. Ratib O, Schwaiger M, Beyer T, editors. Atlas of PET/MR Imaging in Oncology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Basaruddin S, Haron H. Knowledge Taxonomy for Developing Organizational Memory System (OMS) for Public Institutions of Higher Learning (IHL) in Malaysia. In: Zain JM, Wan Mohd WM bt, El-Qawasmeh E, editors. Software Engineering and Computer Systems: Second International Conference, ICSECS 2011, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia, June 27-29, 2011, Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 43–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. The Great Barrier Reef’s ‘New Normal’ Is A Forlorn Sight [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/the-great-barrier-reefs-new-normal-ii-a-forlorn-sight/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NASA-Ames Research Center Should Not Have Awarded Computational Services Contract to SBA and Technology Development of California. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983 Jun. Report No.: AFMD-83-40.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Duncan EA. Environmental controls of black abalone body temperature determine risks of thermal stress and disease [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. A Noble Little Troupe Faces A Cruel Foe: the Rent. New York Times. 2003 Feb 16;145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
AbbreviationJ. Cardiovasc. Magn. Reson.
ISSN (online)1532-429X
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Family Practice
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles