How to format your references using the Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P. Out in the cold. Nature. 2005;434:935.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Tanaka M, Sackmann E. Polymer-supported membranes as models of the cell surface. Nature. 2005;437:656–63.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Froese T, Iizuka H, Ikegami T. Embodied social interaction constitutes social cognition in pairs of humans: a minimalist virtual reality experiment. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3672.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Giron D, Dunn DW, Hardy ICW, Strand MR. Aggression by polyembryonic wasp soldiers correlates with kinship but not resource competition. Nature. 2004;430:676–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bock R. Handbuch der analytisch-chemischen Aufschlussmethoden. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1. Krause E, Shokin Y, Resch M, Kröner D, Shokina N, editors. Computational Science and High Performance Computing IV: The 4th Russian-German Advanced Research Workshop, Freiburg, Germany, October 12 to 16, 2009. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Golovin AA. Interfacial Phenomena in Materials Science. In: Colinet P, Nepomnyashchy A, editors. Pattern Formation at Interfaces. Vienna: Springer; 2010. p. 219–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. The Same Genes Influence Exam Results Across A Range Of School Subjects [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/same-genes-influence-exam-results-across-range-school-subjects/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Job Training Partnership Act: Youth Participant Characteristics, Services, and Outcomes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Jan. Report No.: HRD-90-46BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. McKinley KJ. Exploring the efficiency and effectiveness of teacher selection tools: The effects on the total group with a focus on the experience sub-groups [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. For Mets, Sky Was Falling, But Now It’s the Limit. New York Times. 2010 Apr 27;B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
AbbreviationJ. Cardiovasc. Magn. Reson.
ISSN (online)1532-429X
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Family Practice
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Other styles