How to format your references using the Basic Research in Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Basic Research in Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dragert H (2007) Geophysics. Mediating plate convergence. Science 315:471–472
A journal article with 2 authors
Leopold P, Perrimon N (2007) Drosophila and the genetics of the internal milieu. Nature 450:186–188
A journal article with 3 authors
Kryazhimskiy S, Draghi JA, Plotkin JB (2011) Evolution. In evolution, the sum is less than its parts. Science 332:1160–1161
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Caviglia AD, Gariglio S, Reyren N, Jaccard D, Schneider T, Gabay M, Thiel S, Hammerl G, Mannhart J, Triscone J-M (2008) Electric field control of the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface ground state. Nature 456:624–627

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lewis RJ Sr (2008) Hazardous Chemicals Desk Reference, Sixth Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kutsar D, Kuronen M (2015) Local Welfare Policy Making in European Cities. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Bogdan DB, Villiger R (2010) Exercises. In: Villiger R (ed) Valuation in Life Sciences: A Practical Guide. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 305–329

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Basic Research in Cardiology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) To Manage Earth In The Anthropocene, We Need To Focus On Systems Change. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Regulatory Guidance Processes: Selected Departments Could Strengthen Internal Control and Dissemination Practices. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cao Q (2013) East Asian backpacker tourists’ motivations for participating in backpacking. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD, Goodnough A (2017) President Is Preparing to Declare a National Emergency Over the Opioid Epidemic. New York Times A13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [3, 6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleBasic Research in Cardiology
AbbreviationBasic Res. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)0300-8428
ISSN (online)1435-1803
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Physiology (medical)

Other styles