How to format your references using the Aquatic Invasions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Invasions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Canup RM (2015) Solar System: An incredible likeness of being. Nature 520(7546): 169–170
A journal article with 2 authors
Ricklefs RE, Bermingham E (2001) Nonequilibrium diversity dynamics of the Lesser Antillean avifauna. Science (New York, NY) 294(5546): 1522–1524
A journal article with 3 authors
Nishimura EK, Granter SR, Fisher DE (2005) Mechanisms of hair graying: incomplete melanocyte stem cell maintenance in the niche. Science (New York, NY) 307(5710): 720–724
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huh WK, Falvo JV, Gerke LC, Carroll AS, Howson RW, Weissman JS, O’Shea EK (2003) Global analysis of protein localization in budding yeast. Nature 425(6959): 686–691

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anaya-Lara O, Campos-Gaona D, Moreno-Goytia E, Adam G (2014) Offshore Wind Energy Generation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK,
An edited book
Gullino ML, Munkvold G (eds) (2014) Global Perspectives on the Health of Seeds and Plant Propagation Material. Plant Pathology in the 21st Century, Contributions to the 9th International Congress. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, X, 136 p. 17 illus., 5 illus. in color p
A chapter in an edited book
Letfullin RR, George TF (2016) Modeling Nanoparticle Optics. In: George TF (ed), Computational Nanomedicine and Nanotechnology: Lectures with Computer Practicums. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 241–306

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Invasions.

Blog post
Elise Andrew Trial Will Investigate Use Of MDMA In The Treatment Of Anxiety In Seriously Ill Patients (2015). IFLScience. (Accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Teenage Drug Use: Uncertain Linkages With Either Pregnancy or School Dropout. PEMD-91-3, Washington, DC, January 15, 1991,

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Benson MK (2010) Joint -service integration: An organizational culture study of the United States Department of Defense voluntary education system. Doctoral dissertation Thesis. University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) The Chainsmokers Bump Drake Off No. 1. New York Times p C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Canup 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ricklefs and Bermingham 2001; Canup 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ricklefs and Bermingham 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Huh et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Invasions
AbbreviationAquat. Invasions
ISSN (online)1818-5487
ScopeAquatic Science
Water Science and Technology

Other styles