How to format your references using the Aquatic Invasions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Invasions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Orrit M (2002) Single molecules. Molecular entanglements. Science (New York, NY) 298(5592): 369–370
A journal article with 2 authors
Clayton J, Butler D (2004) The long and winding road. Nature 430(7002): 937
A journal article with 3 authors
Giovannetti V, Lloyd S, Maccone L (2001) Quantum-enhanced positioning and clock synchronization. Nature 412(6845): 417–419
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Seeger MA, Schiefner A, Eicher T, Verrey F, Diederichs K, Pos KM (2006) Structural asymmetry of AcrB trimer suggests a peristaltic pump mechanism. Science (New York, NY) 313(5791): 1295–1298

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bartley T (2011) Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Cancer. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK,
An edited book
Blondel P, Mason JW (eds) (2006) Solar System Update. Springer Praxis Books. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, XX, 332 p p
A chapter in an edited book
Lane JI, Witte RJ (2010) Imaging Microscopy of the Temporal Bone: An Anatomy Tutorial. In: Witte RJ (ed), The Temporal Bone: An Imaging Atlas. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 97–98

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Invasions.

Blog post
Stephen Luntz Sunscreen Is Killing Coral Reefs (2015). IFLScience. (Accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Aviation Insurance: Issues Related to the Reauthorization of FAA’s Aviation Insurance Program. T-RCED-97-115, Washington, DC, May 1, 1997,

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhang G (2010) Roles of serotonin 2A receptor in a serotonin syndrome. Doctoral dissertation Thesis. Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rohan T (2014) Before Hitting and Fielding, Young Mets Seek Edge by Running and Stretching. New York Times p SP2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Orrit 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Orrit 2002; Clayton and Butler 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clayton and Butler 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Seeger et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Invasions
AbbreviationAquat. Invasions
ISSN (online)1818-5487
ScopeAquatic Science
Water Science and Technology

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