How to format your references using the Aquatic Invasions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Invasions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Midgley GF (2012) Ecology. Biodiversity and ecosystem function. Science (New York, NY) 335(6065): 174–175
A journal article with 2 authors
Nakatani H, Yamaguchi Y (2014) Quick concurrent responses to global and local cognitive information underlie intuitive understanding in board-game experts. Scientific reports 4: 5894
A journal article with 3 authors
Muheim R, Phillips JB, Akesson S (2006) Polarized light cues underlie compass calibration in migratory songbirds. Science (New York, NY) 313(5788): 837–839
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sunda W, Kieber DJ, Kiene RP, Huntsman S (2002) An antioxidant function for DMSP and DMS in marine algae. Nature 418(6895): 317–320

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ben Chouikha M (2016) Organizational Design for Knowledge Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ,
An edited book
Pavone P (2009) CT Evaluation of Coronary Artery Disease. Springer, Milano, XII, 168 p. 116 illus. in color p
A chapter in an edited book
Parkhill R, Belton V, Bititci U, Roberts A, Smith M (2010) Using Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis to Aid the Selection of Enterprise Resource Planning Software: A Case Study. In: Howlett RJ (ed), Innovation through Knowledge Transfer. Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 39–49

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Invasions.

Blog post
Elise Andrew Toyota To Follow In Tesla’s Footsteps By Releasing Its Fuel-Cell Patents (2015). IFLScience. (Accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Issues and Anticipated Results. D06981, Washington, DC, December 3, 1990,

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez J (2013) Effective nonprofit collaborative networks. Doctoral dissertation Thesis. Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2012) A Shot That Sank a Season. New York Times p B18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Midgley 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Midgley 2012; Nakatani and Yamaguchi 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nakatani and Yamaguchi 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Sunda et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Invasions
AbbreviationAquat. Invasions
ISSN (online)1818-5487
ScopeAquatic Science
Water Science and Technology

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