How to format your references using the Aquatic Invasions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Invasions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kirschvink JL (2014) Sensory biology: Radio waves zap the biomagnetic compass. Nature 509(7500): 296–297
A journal article with 2 authors
Scheuring S, Sturgis JN (2005) Chromatic adaptation of photosynthetic membranes. Science (New York, NY) 309(5733): 484–487
A journal article with 3 authors
Green ED, Watson JD, Collins FS (2015) Human Genome Project: Twenty-five years of big biology. Nature 526(7571): 29–31
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wainer I, Prado LF, Khodri M, Otto-Bliesner B (2014) Reconstruction of the South Atlantic Subtropical Dipole index for the past 12,000 years from surface temperature proxy. Scientific reports 4: 5291

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Orford J (2012) Addiction Dilemmas. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK,
An edited book
Anderson R, Brodie J, Onsøyen E, Critchley AT (eds) (2007) Eighteenth International Seaweed Symposium: Proceedings of the Eighteenth International Seaweed Symposium, held in Bergen, Norway, 20 – 25 June 2004. Developments in Applied Phycology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, XXXV, 471 p pp
A chapter in an edited book
Vaněk O, Jakob M, Hrstka O, Pěchouček M (2012) Using Multi-agent Simulation to Improve the Security of Maritime Transit. In: Villatoro D, Sabater-Mir J, Sichman JS (eds), Multi-Agent-Based Simulation XII: International Workshop, MABS 2011, Taipei, Taiwan, May 2-6, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 44–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Invasions.

Blog post
Janet Fang Kangaroos Have Five Legs (2014). IFLScience. (Accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Federal Research: Information on DOE’s Laboratory-Directed Research and Development Program. GAO-16-486R, Washington, DC, April 8, 2016,

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zanjani F (2014) Leadership and decision making of successful Iranian American. Doctoral dissertation Thesis. Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2016) Insanity Most Genteel. New York Times p C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kirschvink 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Scheuring and Sturgis 2005; Kirschvink 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scheuring and Sturgis 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Wainer et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Invasions
AbbreviationAquat. Invasions
ISSN (online)1818-5487
ScopeAquatic Science
Water Science and Technology

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