How to format your references using the Aquatic Invasions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Invasions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hess H (2006) Materials science. Toward devices powered by biomolecular motors. Science (New York, NY) 312(5775): 860–861
A journal article with 2 authors
Nishimura M, Somerville S (2002) Plant biology. Resisting attack. Science (New York, NY) 295(5562): 2032–2033
A journal article with 3 authors
Knill E, Laflamme R, Milburn GJ (2001) A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics. Nature 409(6816): 46–52
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Okamoto M, Sugisaki K, Murata H, Hirasawa H, Mayama C, Asaoka R (2014) Impact of better and worse eye damage on quality of life in advanced glaucoma. Scientific reports 4: 4144

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nemethy L (2011) Business Exit Planning. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ,
An edited book
Herrmann C, Terhechte JP (eds) (2012) European Yearbook of International Economic Law 2012. European Yearbook of International Economic Law. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XVIII, 718 p. 14 illus p
A chapter in an edited book
Wang X, Wang R (2011) Co-presence in Mixed Reality-Mediated Collaborative Design Space. In: Wang X, Tsai JJH (eds), Collaborative Design in Virtual Environments. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 51–64

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Invasions.

Blog post
Tom Hale Check Out These Trippy Photographs Of Australia Taken From The International Space Station (2015). IFLScience. (Accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Local Tax Abatement. HEHS-94-84R, Washington, DC, April 21, 1994,

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gunderson CA (2017) The Moderating Effect of Type of Target on the Relationship between Collective Rumination and Displaced Aggression. Doctoral dissertation Thesis. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2017) The Pulitzer at 100. New York Times p C7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hess 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Nishimura and Somerville 2002; Hess 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nishimura and Somerville 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Okamoto et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Invasions
AbbreviationAquat. Invasions
ISSN (online)1818-5487
ScopeAquatic Science
Water Science and Technology

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