How to format your references using the Aquatic Invasions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Invasions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sanderson K (2015) Structure: Artificial armour. Nature 519(7544): S14-5
A journal article with 2 authors
LaRue CC, Padilla PA (2012) IBI series winner. A mutant search--Caenorhabditis elegans and gene discovery. Science (New York, NY) 338(6106): 487–488
A journal article with 3 authors
Bryant P, Nunes T, Snaith R (2000) Children learn an untaught rule of spelling. Nature 403(6766): 157–158
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cheben P, Monte F del, Worsfold DJ, Carlsson DJ, Grover CP, Mackenzie JD (2000) A photorefractive organically modified silica glass with high optical gain. Nature 408(6808): 64–67

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown R (2005) Rational Choice and Judgment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ,
An edited book
Pont JC (ed) (2009) Collected Works of Charles François Sturm. Birkhäuser, Basel, X, 808 p p
A chapter in an edited book
White PJ, Lomotan E (2016) Evidence Based Health Care. In: Finnell JT, Dixon BE (eds), Clinical Informatics Study Guide: Text and Review. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 101–109

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Invasions.

Blog post
Josh Davis Researchers Find Earliest Example Of Reproduction In A Complex Organism (2015). IFLScience. (Accessed 30 October 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) [Comments on H.R. 4086]. B-208159.9, Washington, DC, April 11, 1986,

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Copeland EJ (2010) A grant proposal for individuals with severe mental illness. Doctoral dissertation Thesis. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) When Goodell Learned That Life Is No Game. New York Times p SP5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sanderson 2015).
This sentence cites two references (LaRue and Padilla 2012; Sanderson 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (LaRue and Padilla 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Cheben et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Invasions
AbbreviationAquat. Invasions
ISSN (online)1818-5487
ScopeAquatic Science
Water Science and Technology

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