How to format your references using the Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schrope, M., 2007. Digging deep. Nature 447, 246–247.
A journal article with 2 authors
Paszek, M., Weaver, V., 2010. Biophysics. Enforcing order on signaling. Science 327, 1335–1336.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saá, P., Castilla, J., Soto, C., 2006. Presymptomatic detection of prions in blood. Science 313, 92–94.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Eichenfield, M., Chan, J., Camacho, R.M., Vahala, K.J., Painter, O., 2009. Optomechanical crystals. Nature 462, 78–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alberts, B., Johnson, A., Lewis, J., Morgan, D., Raff, M., Roberts, K., Walter, P., 2017. Molekularbiologie der Zelle. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Sommer, R., Balzarotti, D., Maier, G. (Eds.), 2011. Recent Advances in Intrusion Detection: 14th International Symposium, RAID 2011, Menlo Park, CA, USA, September 20-21, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kolobov, A.V., Tominaga, J., 2012. Photo-Induced Anisotropy, in: Tominaga, J. (Ed.), Chalcogenides: Metastability and Phase Change Phenomena, Springer Series in Materials Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 103–121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Bill Nye Explains How The Universe Speaks To Us In A Hilarious New Video [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. Federal Patent Policy (No. T-RCED-87-26). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yu, W., 2012. Impacts of storms and sea-level rise on coastal evolution between two capes: Onslow Bay, North Carolina (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George, T., 2010. Silly Bandz, the Bracelets That Spring Off Shelves. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schrope, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Paszek and Weaver, 2010; Schrope, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Paszek and Weaver, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Eichenfield et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental and Toxicologic Pathology
AbbreviationExp. Toxicol. Pathol.
ISSN (print)0940-2993
ScopeCell Biology
General Medicine
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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