How to format your references using the Computational Particle Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Particle Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Walmsley IA (2008) Looking to the future of quantum optics. Science 319:1211–1213
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kirch PV, Sharp WD (2005) Coral 230Th dating of the imposition of a ritual control hierarchy in precontact Hawaii. Science 307:102–104
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Haig J, Nott J, Reichart G-J (2014) Australian tropical cyclone activity lower than at any time over the past 550-1,500 years. Nature 505:667–671
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Yamamoto-Kawai M, McLaughlin FA, Carmack EC, et al (2009) Aragonite undersaturation in the Arctic Ocean: effects of ocean acidification and sea ice melt. Science 326:1098–1100

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Liu W, Pecht M (2005) IC Component Sockets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Verdone R (2008) Wireless Sensor Networks: 5th European Conference, EWSN 2008, Bologna, Italy, January 30-February 1, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Márk GI, Vancsó P, Biró LP, et al (2016) Wave Packet Dynamical Calculations for Carbon Nanostructures. In: Maffucci A, Maksimenko SA (eds) Fundamental and Applied Nano-Electromagnetics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 89–102

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Particle Mechanics.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) Mummified Fetus Reveals Ancient Surgery While in Mother’s Womb. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/mummified-fetus-reveals-ancient-surgery-while-mothers-womb/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1980) Increasing Costs, Competition May Hinder U.S. Position of Leadership in High Energy Physics. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
De la Rosa-Carrillo EL (2015) On the language of Internet Memes. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kleiman K (2010) What to Do With an Empty Storefront? A Makeshift Art Gallery. New York Times A21B

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Particle Mechanics
AbbreviationComput. Part. Mech.
ISSN (print)2196-4378
ISSN (online)2196-4386
Scope

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