How to format your references using the Computational Particle Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Particle Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Poo M-M (2004) Cultural reflections. Nature 428:204–205
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sharma P, Allison JP (2015) The future of immune checkpoint therapy. Science 348:56–61
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ho VM, Lee J-A, Martin KC (2011) The cell biology of synaptic plasticity. Science 334:623–628
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Lee I, Date SV, Adai AT, Marcotte EM (2004) A probabilistic functional network of yeast genes. Science 306:1555–1558

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Laster B (2016) Professional Git®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA
An edited book
1.
Payan T, de la Garza E (2014) Undecided Nation: Political Gridlock and the Immigration Crisis. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Andrianoelina O, Rakotondraoelina H, Ramamonjisoa L, et al (2006) Genetic diversity of Dalbergia monticola (Fabaceae) an endangered tree species in the fragmented oriental forest of Madagascar. In: Hawksworth DL, Bull AT (eds) Forest Diversity and Management. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 49–68

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Particle Mechanics.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) Logical Circuits Created With Slime Molds. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/logical-circuits-created-slime-molds/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2001) Aviation Safety: FAA and DOD Response to Similar Safety Concerns. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Acosta J (2013) Building bridges: A specialized training program for professionals in school settings to address bullying in LGBTQ youth: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J (2017) Collins, Nearing a Mets Milestone, Is Still Enjoying the Journey. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Particle Mechanics
AbbreviationComput. Part. Mech.
ISSN (print)2196-4378
ISSN (online)2196-4386
Scope

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