How to format your references using the Computational Particle Mechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computational Particle Mechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kerr RA (2000) PLANETARY SCIENCE: Beating Up on a Young Earth, and Possibly Life. Science 290:1677
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Heinze S, Homberg U (2007) Maplike representation of celestial E-vector orientations in the brain of an insect. Science 315:995–997
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Esvelt KM, Carlson JC, Liu DR (2011) A system for the continuous directed evolution of biomolecules. Nature 472:499–503
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Irie M, Fukaminato T, Sasaki T, et al (2002) Organic chemistry: a digital fluorescent molecular photoswitch. Nature 420:759–760

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ziska LH, Dukes JS (2010) Weed Biology and Climate Change. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
1.
Parodi G, Sciulli D (2012) Social Exclusion: Short and Long Term Causes and Consequences. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Libal KR, Harding S (2015) Building a Movement to Recognize Food Security as a Human Right in the United States. In: Harding S (ed) Human Rights-Based Community Practice in the United States. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 61–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computational Particle Mechanics.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D (2017) Five Amazing Ultrasound Inventions Set To Change The World (And Not A Pregnancy Scan In Sight). In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/five-amazing-ultrasound-inventions-set-to-change-the-world-and-not-a-pregnancy-scan-in-sight/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2000) School Meal Programs: Few Outbreaks of Foodborne Illness Reported. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Brown CE (2013) Sources for the reevaluation of George Frederick Root’s career: The autobiography & a secular cantata. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Coll S (2016) Way Down Under. New York Times BR20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputational Particle Mechanics
AbbreviationComput. Part. Mech.
ISSN (print)2196-4378
ISSN (online)2196-4386
Scope

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