How to format your references using the Aquaculture Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keeling, P.J., 2007. Genomics. Deep questions in the tree of life. Science 317, 1875–1876.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yuan, H., Romanowicz, B., 2010. Lithospheric layering in the North American craton. Nature 466, 1063–1068.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nuttall, W.J., Clarke, R.H., Glowacki, B.A., 2012. Resources: Stop squandering helium. Nature 485, 573–575.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mazzali, P.A., Deng, J., Nomoto, K., Sauer, D.N., Pian, E., Tominaga, N., Tanaka, M., Maeda, K., Filippenko, A.V., 2006. A neutron-star-driven X-ray flash associated with supernova SN 2006aj. Nature 442, 1018–1020.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sillar, K.T., Picton, L.D., Heitler, W.J., 2016. The Neuroethology of Predation and Escape. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Pan, Z., Cheok, A.D., Müller, W., Rhalibi, A.E. (Eds.), 2008. Transactions on Edutainment I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Tirri, K., Nokelainen, P., 2011. Ethical Sensitivity Scale, in: Tirri, K., Nokelainen, P. (Eds.), Measuring Multiple Intelligences and Moral Sensitivities in Education. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 59–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture Reports.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2015. Miniature Brains Grown Quickly And Cheaply [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Aviation and the Environment: FAA’s Role in Major Airport Noise Programs (No. RCED-00-98). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sink, R.C., 2010. Exploring a high school community relations and parent involvement program (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., 2016. Donald Trump Hits the Town. New York Times A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keeling, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Keeling, 2007; Yuan and Romanowicz, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yuan and Romanowicz, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Mazzali et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture Reports
ISSN (print)2352-5134

Other styles