How to format your references using the Aquaculture Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser, J., 2000. ECOLOGY: California Algae May Be Feared European Species. Science 289, 222b–3b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weiss, H., Bradley, R.S., 2001. Archaeology. What drives societal collapse? Science 291, 609–610.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bland-Hawthorn, J., Harwit, A., Harwit, M., 2002. Astronomy. Laser telemetry from space. Science 297, 523.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tchao, J., Han, L., Lin, B., Yang, L., Tobita, K., 2014. Combined biophysical and soluble factor modulation induces cardiomyocyte differentiation from human muscle derived stem cells. Sci. Rep. 4, 6614.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yan, S.Y., 2012. Computational Number Theory and Modern Cryptography. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd., Fusionopolis Walk, Singapore.
An edited book
Schrader, U., Fricke, V., Doyle, D., Thoresen, V.W. (Eds.), 2013. Enabling Responsible Living. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Argenyi, Z., Jokinen, C.H., 2011. Malignant Cutaneous Neoplasms with Peripheral Nerve Differentiation, in: Jokinen, C.H. (Ed.), Cutaneous Neural Neoplasms: A Practical Guide. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 83–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture Reports.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Ancient 6,000-Year-Old Parisian Skeletons May Have Had Their Skulls Smashed In By “Furious Ritualized Warriors” [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. [Comments on DOD Data Center Consolidation Plan] (No. B-256497). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rutherford, B.A., 2017. Beneficial Tensile Mean Strain Effects on the Fatigue Behavior of Superelastic NiTi (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J., 2016. A Tree Older Than Columbus Finally Succumbs. New York Times A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaiser, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kaiser, 2000; Weiss and Bradley, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weiss and Bradley, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Tchao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture Reports
ISSN (print)2352-5134

Other styles