How to format your references using the Aquaculture Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zülicke, U., 2002. Applied physics. Ultrasmall wires get excited. Science 295, 810–811.
A journal article with 2 authors
Winckler, G., Fischer, H., 2006. 30,000 years of cosmic dust in Antarctic ice. Science 313, 491.
A journal article with 3 authors
Verbiscer, A.J., Skrutskie, M.F., Hamilton, D.P., 2009. Saturn’s largest ring. Nature 461, 1098–1100.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Graps, A.L., Grun, E., Svedhem, H., Kruger, H., Horanyl, M., Heck, A., Lammers, S., 2000. Io as a source of the jovian dust streams. Nature 405, 48–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bolstad, W.M., Curran, J.M., 2016. Introduction to Bayesian Statistics, Third Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Noordeloos, M.E., 2012. The Entolomataceae of Tasmania, Fungal Diversity Research Series. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Young, R.A., Marshall, S.K., Valach, L., Domene, J.F., Graham, M.D., Zaidman-Zait, A., 2011. Relationships, in: Marshall, S.K., Valach, L., Domene, J.F., Graham, M.D., Zaidman-Zait, A. (Eds.), Transition to Adulthood: Action, Projects, and Counseling. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 51–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture Reports.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Is “Free Will” Just The Result Of Background Noise In The Brain? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1984. U.S. Objectives Generally Achieved at Broadcasting Satellite International Conference--Improvements Can Help in Future Conferences (No. RCED-84-157). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ishutov, S., 2013. Tectonic characterization of the THUMS-Huntington Beach fault, offshore southern California (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartman, S., 2015. Love, Redeployed. New York Times MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zülicke, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Winckler and Fischer, 2006; Zülicke, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Winckler and Fischer, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Graps et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture Reports
ISSN (print)2352-5134

Other styles