How to format your references using the Aquaculture Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hakim, A.M., 2014. Perspective: silent, but preventable, perils. Nature 510, S12.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shine, K.P., Sturges, W.T., 2007. Atmospheric science. CO2 is not the only gas. Science 315, 1804–1805.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cotton, C.H., Flint, J., Campbell, T.G., 2009. Is there an association between NPY and neuroticism? Nature 458, E6; discussion E7.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ash, C., Jasny, B.R., Roberts, L., Stone, R., Sugden, A.M., 2008. Reimagining cities. Introduction. Science 319, 739.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knowles, R., 2012. 200 Contractual Problems and their Solutions. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Sonza Reorda, M., Peng, Z., Violante, M. (Eds.), 2005. System-level Test and Validation of Hardware/Software Systems, Springer Series in Advanced Microelectronics. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Brunner, R.D., Lynch, A.H., 2010. Reframing the Context, in: Lynch, A.H. (Ed.), Adaptive Governance and Climate Change. American Meteorological Society, Boston, MA, pp. 261–315.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture Reports.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. What To Do When You’re Dead: Science Edition [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Surface Freight Transportation: A Comparison of the Costs of Road, Rail, and Waterways Freight Shipments That Are Not Passed on to Consumers (No. GAO-11-134). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kessler, C., 2013. Elements (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Button, L., 2014. We Were a Party of Two, but Never Quite Alone. New York Times ST6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hakim, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Hakim, 2014; Shine and Sturges, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shine and Sturges, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Ash et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture Reports
ISSN (print)2352-5134

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