How to format your references using the Aquaculture Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C., 2012. What matters for science is who runs the country. Nature 488, 559.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kastan, M.B., Bartek, J., 2004. Cell-cycle checkpoints and cancer. Nature 432, 316–323.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bormashenko, E., Musin, A., Grynyov, R., 2014. Scaling law governing the roughness of the swash edge line. Sci. Rep. 4, 6243.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
González-José, R., Escapa, I., Neves, W.A., Cúneo, R., Pucciarelli, H.M., 2008. Cladistic analysis of continuous modularized traits provides phylogenetic signals in Homo evolution. Nature 453, 775–778.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tobias, J., Hochhauser, D., 2014. Cancer and its Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kim, E.E., 2016. Atlas and Anatomy of PET/MRI, PET/CT and SPECT/CT. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Janusz, D., Kost, M., Freytag, J.-C., 2012. Privacy Protocol for Linking Distributed Medical Data, in: Jonker, W., Petković, M. (Eds.), Secure Data Management: 9th VLDB Workshop, SDM 2012, Istanbul, Turkey, August 27, 2012. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 45–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture Reports.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Astronomers Spot Brightest Ever Gamma-Ray Pulsar Coming From Another Galaxy [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Tax Systems Modernization: IRS Award to MITRE Corporation Violated the Competition in Contracting Act (No. IMTEC-92-28). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chapman, T.W., 2017. Evaluating the δ13C Value of n-Alkanes as a Recorder of Atmospheric Chemistry (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., 2017. On Gun Ownership, and Attitudes, in America. New York Times A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kastan and Bartek, 2004; Macilwain, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kastan and Bartek, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (González-José et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture Reports
ISSN (print)2352-5134

Other styles