How to format your references using the Neuromuscular Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuromuscular Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fei Y. Geophysics. Melting Earth’s core. Science 2013;340:442–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carter NJ, Cross RA. Mechanics of the kinesin step. Nature 2005;435:308–12.
A journal article with 3 authors
Farihi J, Gänsicke BT, Koester D. Evidence for water in the rocky debris of a disrupted extrasolar minor planet. Science 2013;342:218–20.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Magnuson M, Schmitt T, Strocov VN, Schlappa J, Kalabukhov AS, Duda L-C. Self-doping processes between planes and chains in the metal-to-superconductor transition of YBa2Cu3O6.9. Sci Rep 2014;4:7017.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson JB. Digital Transmission Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Koumoto K, Mori T, editors. Thermoelectric Nanomaterials: Materials Design and Applications. vol. 182. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Philpott A, Dallagi A, Gallet E. On Cutting Plane Algorithms and Dynamic Programming for Hydroelectricity Generation. In: Kovacevic RM, Pflug GC, Vespucci MT, editors. Handbook of Risk Management in Energy Production and Trading, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2013, p. 105–27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuromuscular Disorders.

Blog post
Andrew E. How Viruses Can Fool The Immune System. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Public Transportation: Federal Role in Value Capture Strategies for Transit Is Limited, but Additional Guidance Could Help Clarify Policies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Trichon MC. Self-Help Conferences for People Who Stutter: An Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B. N.H.L. Says Its Players Will Skip 2018 Olympics. New York Times 2017:B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuromuscular Disorders
AbbreviationNeuromuscul. Disord.
ISSN (print)0960-8966
Clinical Neurology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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