How to format your references using the Neuromuscular Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neuromuscular Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Messenger S. Identification of molecular-cloud material in interplanetary dust particles. Nature 2000;404:968–71.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schliwa M, Woehlke G. Molecular motors. Nature 2003;422:759–65.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zachos JC, Dickens GR, Zeebe RE. An early Cenozoic perspective on greenhouse warming and carbon-cycle dynamics. Nature 2008;451:279–83.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Isberg J, Hammersberg J, Johansson E, Wikström T, Twitchen DJ, Whitehead AJ, et al. High carrier mobility in single-crystal plasma-deposited diamond. Science 2002;297:1670–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Urick VJ Jr, Mckinney JD, Williams KJ. FUNDAMENTALS OF MICROWAVE PHOTONICS. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
Coff C, Barling D, Korthals M, Nielsen T, editors. Ethical Traceability and Communicating Food. vol. 15. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Montoya Sánchez de Pablo J, Miravalles López M, Bret A. Conclusion. In: Miravalles López M, Bret A, editors. How Green are Electric or Hydrogen-Powered Cars?: Assessing GHG Emissions of Traffic in Spain, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 71–4.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neuromuscular Disorders.

Blog post
Fang J. Scientists Find Evidence of Spin Symmetry in Atoms. IFLScience 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Improvement still Needed in Federal Aviation Security Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lam G. A Mixed Methods Study Examining Teacher Impressions of a Psychoeducational Program on Common Issues During Childhood. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. Band Aid. New York Times 2017:C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeuromuscular Disorders
AbbreviationNeuromuscul. Disord.
ISSN (print)0960-8966
Clinical Neurology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles