How to format your references using the Watershed Ecology and the Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Watershed Ecology and the Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lissauer, J.J., 2006. Astronomy. Growing apart in lock step. Science 313, 1054–1055.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clift, P.D., Blusztajn, J., 2005. Reorganization of the western Himalayan river system after five million years ago. Nature 438, 1001–1003.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moran, N.A., McLaughlin, H.J., Sorek, R., 2009. The dynamics and time scale of ongoing genomic erosion in symbiotic bacteria. Science 323, 379–382.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, C.T., Yin, Q., Rudnick, R.L., Jacobsen, S.B., 2001. Preservation of ancient and fertile lithospheric mantle beneath the southwestern United States. Nature 411, 69–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen, W.-Y., 2013. NeuroInvesting. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Campos, J., Haverkort, B.R. (Eds.), 2015. Quantitative Evaluation of Systems: 12th International Conference, QEST 2015, Madrid, Spain, September 1-3, 2015, Proceedings, 1st ed. 2015. ed, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Carolan, E., McLoone, S.C., Farrell, R., 2015. A Predictive Model for Minimising Power Usage in Radio Access Networks, in: Agüero, R., Zinner, T., García-Lozano, M., Wenning, B.-L., Timm-Giel, A. (Eds.), Mobile Networks and Management: 7th International Conference, MONAMI 2015, Santander, Spain, September 16-18, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 55–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Watershed Ecology and the Environment.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. The Modern, Molecular Hunt For The World’s Biodiversity [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/modern-molecular-hunt-world-s-biodiversity/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1971. Opportunities To Improve the Redistribution of the Federal Government’s Excess Automatic Data Processing Equipment (No. B-115369). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thixton, H.L., 2017. Identification of Site-Specific Mycorrhizal Fungi Associates of the Federally Threatened Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid (Platanthera leucophaea) in Illinois (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Itzkoff, D., Kelly, D., 2005. Music Chronicle. New York Times 724.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lissauer, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Clift and Blusztajn, 2005; Lissauer, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clift and Blusztajn, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleWatershed Ecology and the Environment
ISSN (print)2589-4714
Scope

Other styles