How to format your references using the Cliometrica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cliometrica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Miller JS (2007) Obituary: Donald E. Osterbrock (1924-2007). Nature 446:870
A journal article with 2 authors
Roman J, Palumbi SR (2003) Whales before whaling in the North Atlantic. Science 301:508–510
A journal article with 3 authors
Hurst LD, Feil EJ, Rocha EPC (2006) Protein evolution: causes of trends in amino-acid gain and loss. Nature 442:E11-2; discussion E12
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Li W, Tu D, Brunger AT, Ye Y (2007) A ubiquitin ligase transfers preformed polyubiquitin chains from a conjugating enzyme to a substrate. Nature 446:333–337

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corns TN (2008) A History of Seventeenth-Century English Literature. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Abetz V (ed) (2005) Block Copolymers II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Christen RP (2013) Financial Services That Clients Need: The 3.0 Business Models, Reconciling Outreach with Sustainability. In: Köhn D (ed) Microfinance 3.0: Reconciling Sustainability with Social Outreach and Responsible Delivery. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 105–122

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cliometrica.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Giant Groundhog-Like Mammal Lived Among Dinosaurs. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/giant-groundhog-looking-mammal-lived-among-dinosaurs/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Transportation: Bibliography of GAO Documents, January 1985-December 1988. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marlatt ES (2013) Effects of accelerated instruction on achievement gains of underprepared Catholic high school freshmen. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J (2016) Keyboard Diplomacy. New York Times BR23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Miller 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Roman and Palumbi 2003; Miller 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roman and Palumbi 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleCliometrica
AbbreviationCliometrica (Berl)
ISSN (print)1863-2505
ISSN (online)1863-2513
ScopeHistory
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles