How to format your references using the Cliometrica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cliometrica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maxmen A (2010) Fighting the monster. Nature 466:S18-9
A journal article with 2 authors
Levine M, Tjian R (2003) Transcription regulation and animal diversity. Nature 424:147–151
A journal article with 3 authors
Stott L, Timmermann A, Thunell R (2007) Southern Hemisphere and deep-sea warming led deglacial atmospheric CO2 rise and tropical warming. Science 318:435–438
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wu L, Li S, He W, et al (2014) Automatic release of silicon nanowire arrays with a high integrity for flexible electronic devices. Sci Rep 4:3940

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nemethy L (2011) Business Exit Planning. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Xu K (2014) Internet Resource Pricing Models. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Criado J, Martínez S, Iribarne L, Cabot J (2015) Enabling the Reuse of Stored Model Transformations Through Annotations. In: Kolovos D, Wimmer M (eds) Theory and Practice of Model Transformations: 8th International Conference, ICMT 2015, Held as Part of STAF 2015, L’Aquila, Italy, July 20-21, 2015. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 43–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cliometrica.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) This Lamp Runs On Only Two Teaspoons Of Salt And A Glass Of Water. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/lamp-runs-only-two-teaspoons-salt-and-glass-water/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Americans With Disabilities Act: Challenges Faced by Transit Agencies in Complying With the Act’s Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hintz L (2015) Fighting for Us, Inside and Out: National Identity Contestation and Foreign Policy in Turkey. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S (2014) Conversation Between Works and Over Decades. New York Times CT9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maxmen 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Levine and Tjian 2003; Maxmen 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Levine and Tjian 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCliometrica
AbbreviationCliometrica (Berl)
ISSN (print)1863-2505
ISSN (online)1863-2513
ScopeHistory
Economics and Econometrics

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