How to format your references using the Cliometrica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cliometrica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ackland GJ (2015) MATERIALS SCIENCE. Bearing down on hydrogen. Science 348:1429–1430
A journal article with 2 authors
Martienssen RA, Colot V (2001) DNA methylation and epigenetic inheritance in plants and filamentous fungi. Science 293:1070–1074
A journal article with 3 authors
Vielle-Calzada JP, Baskar R, Grossniklaus U (2000) Delayed activation of the paternal genome during seed development. Nature 404:91–94
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yusa K, Horie K, Kondoh G, et al (2004) Genome-wide phenotype analysis in ES cells by regulated disruption of Bloom’s syndrome gene. Nature 429:896–899

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Turner JR, Durham TA (2008) Integrated Cardiac Safety: Assessment Methodologies for Noncardiac Drugs in Discovery, Development, and Postmarketing Surveillance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Thotahewa KMS (2014) Ultra Wideband Wireless Body Area Networks. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Scala R (2010) Ventilators for Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation. In: Esquinas AM (ed) Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation: Theory, Equipment, and Clinical Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 27–38

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cliometrica.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Scientists Discover Effective Strategy To Switch Off Autoimmunity. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/scientists-discover-effective-strategy-switch-autoimmunity/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Next Generation Air Transportation System: Status of Key Issues Associated with the Transition to NextGen. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cheng L (2003) SiC Thin-Films on Insulating substrates for Robust MEMS Applications. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman W (2014) In Colombia, Two Warring Officials Provide a Portrait of a Nation’s Political Divide. New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ackland 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Martienssen and Colot 2001; Ackland 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martienssen and Colot 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Yusa et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleCliometrica
AbbreviationCliometrica (Berl)
ISSN (print)1863-2505
ISSN (online)1863-2513
ScopeHistory
Economics and Econometrics

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