How to format your references using the Cliometrica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cliometrica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Williams R (2011) Biomarkers: warning signs. Nature 475:S5-7
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Connor PM, Claessens LPAM (2005) Basic avian pulmonary design and flow-through ventilation in non-avian theropod dinosaurs. Nature 436:253–256
A journal article with 3 authors
Hanczyc MM, Fujikawa SM, Szostak JW (2003) Experimental models of primitive cellular compartments: encapsulation, growth, and division. Science 302:618–622
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kamnaksh A, Budde MD, Kovesdi E, et al (2014) Diffusion tensor imaging reveals acute subcortical changes after mild blast-induced traumatic brain injury. Sci Rep 4:4809

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Henriksen RN (2010) Practical Relativity. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Benatallah B, Bestavros A, Manolopoulos Y, et al (eds) (2014) Web Information Systems Engineering – WISE 2014: 15th International Conference, Thessaloniki, Greece, October 12-14, 2014, Proceedings, Part II. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Marcus DA, Deodhar A (2011) Assessment and Diagnosis. In: Marcus DA (ed) Fibromyalgia: A Practical Clinical Guide. Springer, New York, NY, pp 41–51

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cliometrica.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) Russia Is Using An Ingenious Method To Stop People Abusing Disabled Parking Spots. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/ingenius-method-russia-using-stop-people-abusing-disabled-parking-spots/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Interstate Commerce Commission: Budget and Other Impacts of Eliminating or Transferring Functions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sawant KG (2015) A Chemo-Physical Model for Predicting Post Fracking Pressure Buildup in Pierre Shale. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Blecher G (2016) The Diners Fade Away. New York Times MB1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Williams 2011).
This sentence cites two references (O’Connor and Claessens 2005; Williams 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Connor and Claessens 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Kamnaksh et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCliometrica
AbbreviationCliometrica (Berl)
ISSN (print)1863-2505
ISSN (online)1863-2513
ScopeHistory
Economics and Econometrics

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