How to format your references using the Applied Materials Today citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Materials Today. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H.A. Fertig, Physics. Spinning holes in semiconductors, Science. 301 (2003) 1335–1336.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. Hoorn, S. Flantua, Geology. An early start for the Panama land bridge, Science. 348 (2015) 186–187.
A journal article with 3 authors
P.K. Mang, S. Larochelle, M. Greven, Condensed-matter physics: spurious magnetism in high-T(c) superconductor, Nature. 426 (2003) 139–40; discussion 140.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
V.A. Grieneisen, J. Xu, A.F.M. Marée, P. Hogeweg, B. Scheres, Auxin transport is sufficient to generate a maximum and gradient guiding root growth, Nature. 449 (2007) 1008–1013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Kraehmer, P. Baur, Weed Anatomy, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2013.
An edited book
K.B. Brown, ed., A Comparative Look at Regulation of Corporate Tax Avoidance, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Chevalier-Boisvert, L. Hendren, C. Verbrugge, Optimizing Matlab through Just-In-Time Specialization, in: R. Gupta (Ed.), Compiler Construction: 19th International Conference, CC 2010, Held as Part of the Joint European Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2010, Paphos, Cyprus, March 20-28, 2010. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 46–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Materials Today.

Blog post
E. Andrew, The Eye Is Our Window To The Brain – And There’s A Lot We Can Tell From It, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Automated Systems: Legislative Branch Opportunity for Sharing Payroll/Personnel Systems, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R.M. Delaney, A qualitative descriptive case study explaining professional development in community corrections, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Encouraging Signs for the Ailing Mets, New York Times. (2017) SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Materials Today
AbbreviationAppl. Mater. Today
ISSN (print)2352-9407
ScopeGeneral Materials Science

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