How to format your references using the Applied Materials Today citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Materials Today. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Theissen, Genetics of identity, Nature. 414 (2001) 491.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Fossum, M. Carlsson, High-frequency acoustic waves are not sufficient to heat the solar chromosphere, Nature. 435 (2005) 919–921.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.A. Gottfried, J. O’Doherty, R.J. Dolan, Encoding predictive reward value in human amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex, Science. 301 (2003) 1104–1107.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.E. Johnson, L. Viggiano, J.A. Bailey, M. Abdul-Rauf, G. Goodwin, M. Rocchi, E.E. Eichler, Positive selection of a gene family during the emergence of humans and African apes, Nature. 413 (2001) 514–519.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C.R. Engle, K.K. Quagrainie, M.M. Dey, Seafood and Aquaculture Marketing Handbook, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
G. Latouche, V. Ramaswami, J. Sethuraman, K. Sigman, M.S. Squillante, D.D. Yao, eds., Matrix-Analytic Methods in Stochastic Models, Springer, New York, NY, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Nakanishi, M.F. Islam, Quantum Percolation in Two Dimensions, in: B.K. Chakrabarti, K.K. Bardhan, A.K. Sen (Eds.), Quantum and Semi-Classical Percolation and Breakdown in Disordered Solids, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 1–26.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Materials Today.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, Scientists Investigate Mysterious “Crater” In Antarctica, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Telecommunications: Broadband Deployment Plan Should Include Performance Goals and Measures to Guide Federal Investment, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
V.A. Hoch, The Effects of Systematic Reinforcement on Academic Performance in Precision Teaching: An Investigation of Acquisition, Retention, and Endurance, Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Mets Fix Duda’s Swing, With Help From an Angel, New York Times. (2017) B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Materials Today
AbbreviationAppl. Mater. Today
ISSN (print)2352-9407
ScopeGeneral Materials Science

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