How to format your references using the Applied Materials Today citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Materials Today. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Trono, Virology. Picking the right spot, Science. 300 (2003) 1670–1671.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.M. Ransohoff, A.E. Cardona, The myeloid cells of the central nervous system parenchyma, Nature. 468 (2010) 253–262.
A journal article with 3 authors
L.J. Gunn, A. Allison, D. Abbott, A directional wave measurement attack against the Kish key distribution system, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6461.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Yagita, F. Tamanini, G.T. van Der Horst, H. Okamura, Molecular mechanisms of the biological clock in cultured fibroblasts, Science. 292 (2001) 278–281.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H.B. Stauffer, Contemporary Bayesian and Frequentist Statistical Research Methods for Natural Resource Scientists, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2007.
An edited book
A. Dillmann, G. Heller, E. Krämer, H.-P. Kreplin, W. Nitsche, U. Rist, eds., New Results in Numerical and Experimental Fluid Mechanics IX: Contributions to the 18th STAB/DGLR Symposium, Stuttgart, Germany, 2012, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Cheng, Y. Shi, Normalized Population Diversity in Particle Swarm Optimization, in: Y. Tan, Y. Shi, Y. Chai, G. Wang (Eds.), Advances in Swarm Intelligence: Second International Conference, ICSI 2011, Chongqing, China, June 12-15, 2011, Proceedings, Part I, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 38–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Materials Today.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “World’s Smallest Machines” Win The Nobel Prize For Chemistry, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Space Acquisitions: Challenges Facing DOD as it Changes Approaches to Space Acquisitions, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.G. Landon, The development of a transitional shelter program for homeless women: A grant proposal, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Roach, Bodies at War, New York Times. (2016) D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Materials Today
AbbreviationAppl. Mater. Today
ISSN (print)2352-9407
ScopeGeneral Materials Science

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