How to format your references using the International Journal of Gerontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Gerontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kalil T. Planning for US science policy in 2009. Nature. 2006;443(7113):751-752.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Boyd R, Mathew S. Behavior. A narrow road to cooperation. Science. 2007;316(5833):1858-1859.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Richardson AR, Libby SJ, Fang FC. A nitric oxide-inducible lactate dehydrogenase enables Staphylococcus aureus to resist innate immunity. Science. 2008;319(5870):1672-1676.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Maldonado RA, Irvine DJ, Schreiber R, Glimcher LH. A role for the immunological synapse in lineage commitment of CD4 lymphocytes. Nature. 2004;431(7008):527-532.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Schulze V. Modern Mechanical Surface Treatment. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Thiessen D, Cook-Sather A, eds. International Handbook of Student Experience in Elementary and Secondary School. Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Seidl M, Scholz M, Huemer C, Kappel G. The Class Diagram. In: Scholz M, Huemer C, Kappel G, eds. UML @ Classroom: An Introduction to Object-Oriented Modeling. Undergraduate Topics in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing; 2015:49-84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Gerontology.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Conservationists to Engrave Every Critically Endangered Ploughshare Tortoise. IFLScience. Published June 25, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/conservationists-engrave-every-critically-endangered-ploughshare-tortoise/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. NASA: Progress Made on Strategic Human Capital Management, but Future Program Challenges Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Tuquero JM. A meta-ethnographic synthesis of support services for adult learners in distance learning programs. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. Reinvigorated Astros Finish a Sweep of the Mets. New York Times. September 4, 2017:D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Gerontology
AbbreviationInt. J. Gerontol.
ISSN (print)1873-9598
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology

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