How to format your references using the International Journal of Gerontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Gerontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pagel M. Evolution: Adapted to culture. Nature. 2012;482(7385):297-299.
A journal article with 2 authors
Henriksen-Lacey M, Giner-Casares JJ. Nice to know you. Science. 2015;349(6253):1254.
A journal article with 3 authors
Birbeck GL, Meyer AC, Ogunniyi A. Nervous system disorders across the life course in resource-limited settings. Nature. 2015;527(7578):S167-71.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yeh A, Soh YA, Brooke J, Aeppli G, Rosenbaum TF, Hayden SM. Quantum phase transition in a common metal. Nature. 2002;419(6906):459-462.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brower MC. Wind Resource Assessment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Hevia A, Neven G, eds. Progress in Cryptology – LATINCRYPT 2012: 2nd International Conference on Cryptology and Information Security in Latin America, Santiago, Chile, October 7-10, 2012. Proceedings. Vol 7533. Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Quarteroni A, Saleri F. Numerical differentiation and integration. In: Saleri F, ed. Scientific Computing with MATLAB and Octave: Second Edition. Texts in Computational Science and Engineering. Springer; 2006:101-122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Gerontology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Live Long, Die Green And Leave A Biodegradable Corpse. IFLScience. Published February 9, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. UMTA’s Research and Development Program Should Pay Closer Attention to Transit Industry Needs. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kino MY. My Concierge MD, Inc. a Business Plan. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Abkhazia: Fighting In A Breakaway Region. New York Times. October 5, 2001:A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Gerontology
AbbreviationInt. J. Gerontol.
ISSN (print)1873-9598
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology

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