How to format your references using the Applied Geochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Geochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gough, D., 2012. Astronomy. How oblate is the Sun? Science 337, 1611–1612.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scotland, R.W., Sanderson, M.J., 2004. The significance of few versus many in the tree of life. Science 303, 643.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meloso, D., Copic, J., Bossaerts, P., 2009. Promoting intellectual discovery: patents versus markets. Science 323, 1335–1339.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Luo, M.-X., Chen, X.-B., Yang, Y.-X., Wang, X., 2014. Geometry of quantum computation with qudits. Sci. Rep. 4, 4044.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schulman, F.Y., 2016. Veterinarian’s Guide to Maximizing Biopsy Results. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Dorigo, M., Birattari, M., Caro, G.A.D., Doursat, R., Engelbrecht, A.P., Floreano, D., Gambardella, L.M., Groß, R., Şahin, E., Sayama, H., Stützle, T. (Eds.), 2010. Swarm Intelligence: 7th International Conference, ANTS 2010, Brussels, Belgium, September 8-10, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, Y., Ai, H., Huang, C., Lao, S., 2006. Robust Head Tracking with Particles Based on Multiple Cues Fusion, in: Huang, T.S., Sebe, N., Lew, M.S., Pavlović, V., Kölsch, M., Galata, A., Kisačanin, B. (Eds.), Computer Vision in Human-Computer Interaction: ECCV 2006 Workshop on HCI, Graz, Austria, May 13, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 29–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Geochemistry.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. Ancient Pottery Reveals Mysterious Invasion Of Prehistoric Britain [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Air Traffic Control: Immature Software Acquisition Processes Increase FAA System Acquisition Risks (No. AIMD-97-47). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burchman, E.K., 2014. A dialogue on improvisation, space and melody: Larry Koonse’s approach to improvisation (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. More Than a Wizard. New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gough, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Gough, 2012; Scotland and Sanderson, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scotland and Sanderson, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Luo et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Geochemistry
AbbreviationAppl. Geochem.
ISSN (print)0883-2927
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology
Environmental Chemistry

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