How to format your references using the Applied Geochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Geochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Malescio, G., 2005. Predicting with unpredictability. Nature 434, 1073.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alonso, D., Pascual, M., 2006. Comment on “A keystone mutualism drives pattern in a power function.” Science 313, 1739; author reply 1739.
A journal article with 3 authors
Robinson, C.V., Sali, A., Baumeister, W., 2007. The molecular sociology of the cell. Nature 450, 973–982.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pang, P.-C., Chiu, P.C.N., Lee, C.-L., Chang, L.-Y., Panico, M., Morris, H.R., Haslam, S.M., Khoo, K.-H., Clark, G.F., Yeung, W.S.B., Dell, A., 2011. Human sperm binding is mediated by the sialyl-Lewis(x) oligosaccharide on the zona pellucida. Science 333, 1761–1764.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moe, T.M., Chubb, J.E., 2009. Liberating Learning. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA.
An edited book
Jermann, C., Neumaier, A., Sam, D. (Eds.), 2005. Global Optimization and Constraint Satisfaction: Second International Workshop, COCOS 2003, Lausanne, Switzerland, November 18-21, 2003, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Nakano, T., 2015. Neoliberalism and Conservatism, in: Fujii, S. (Ed.), Beyond Global Capitalism. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp. 67–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Geochemistry.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Physicists Record Atomic Event With Trillionth Of A Billionth Of A Second Precision [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Data Center Consolidation: Agencies Making Progress on Efforts, but Inventories and Plans Need to Be Completed (No. GAO-12-742). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hong, P.K., 2013. Stomach cancer diet education and screening awareness in East Asian American women (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2012. From Misfit With Blog To Author With Deal. New York Times A31B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Malescio, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Alonso and Pascual, 2006; Malescio, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Alonso and Pascual, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Pang et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Geochemistry
AbbreviationAppl. Geochem.
ISSN (print)0883-2927
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology
Environmental Chemistry

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