How to format your references using the Applied Geochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Geochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Segall, P., 2012. Geophysics. Understanding earthquakes. Science 336, 676–677.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brooks, T., Smith, M.L., 2001. Ecology. Caribbean catastrophes. Science 294, 1469–1471.
A journal article with 3 authors
Naeem, S., Hahn, D.R., Schuurman, G., 2000. Producer-decomposer co-dependency influences biodiversity effects. Nature 403, 762–764.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cowan, C.A., Atienza, J., Melton, D.A., Eggan, K., 2005. Nuclear reprogramming of somatic cells after fusion with human embryonic stem cells. Science 309, 1369–1373.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stegmann, J.P., 2009. Strategic Value Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kumar, M.S.N., Tafalla, M., Caselli, P. (Eds.), 2005. Cores to Clusters: A Scientific Autobiography, Astrophysics and Space Science Library. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Elmitwalli, T.A., Al-Sarawey, A., El-Sherbiny, M.F., 2008. Egyptian Effluent Standards for Treated Sewage: Evaluation and Recommendations, in: Baz, I.A., Otterpohl, R., Wendland, C. (Eds.), Efficient Management of Wastewater: Its Treatment and Reuse in Water-Scarce Countries. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 41–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Geochemistry.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. Long Duration Spaceflight Dramatically Decreases Your Ability To Do Exercise [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. National Airspace System: Questions Concerning FAA’s Wide Area Augmentation System (No. RCED-97-219R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gogri, D., 2017. Effect of Water Hardness on Adsorption of Lead From Aqueous Solutions Using Douglas Fir Biochar (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2000. Idling Buses Leave a Stain of Pollution on a Jewel of a Park. New York Times 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Segall, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Brooks and Smith, 2001; Segall, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brooks and Smith, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Cowan et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Geochemistry
AbbreviationAppl. Geochem.
ISSN (print)0883-2927
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology
Environmental Chemistry

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