How to format your references using the Applied Geochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Geochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clayton, R.N., 2011. Planetary Science. The Earth and the Sun. Science 332, 1509–1510.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hauert, C., Doebeli, M., 2004. Spatial structure often inhibits the evolution of cooperation in the snowdrift game. Nature 428, 643–646.
A journal article with 3 authors
Soung, Y.H., Pruitt, K., Chung, J., 2014. Epigenetic silencing of ARRDC3 expression in basal-like breast cancer cells. Sci. Rep. 4, 3846.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yi, H.T., Gao, B., Xie, W., Cheong, S.-W., Podzorov, V., 2014. Tuning the metal-insulator crossover and magnetism in SrRuO₃ by ionic gating. Sci. Rep. 4, 6604.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bernheim, M.L.C., 2008. Ciba Foundation Symposium 39 - Monoamine Oxidase and its Inhibition: Ciba/Monoamine, Novartis Foundation Symposia. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kober, J., 2014. Learning Motor Skills: From Algorithms to Robot Experiments, Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Rockwood, L., Johnson, L., 2016. Verification of Correctness and Completeness in the Implementation of IAEA Safeguards: The Law and Practice, in: Black-Branch, J.L., Fleck, D. (Eds.), Nuclear Non-Proliferation in International Law: Volume II - Verification and Compliance. T.M.C. Asser Press, The Hague, pp. 57–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Geochemistry.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. The Alien Megastructure Star May Have Eaten A Planet [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1972. Payroll Activities, Atlanta Postal Data Center (No. 089789). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gill, G.J., 2009. The experience of family caregiving of the terminally ill: A phenomenological study (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M.J., 2017. In Rare Move, K.K.R. Picks Possible Heirs To Founders. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clayton, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Clayton, 2011; Hauert and Doebeli, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hauert and Doebeli, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Yi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Geochemistry
AbbreviationAppl. Geochem.
ISSN (print)0883-2927
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology
Environmental Chemistry

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