How to format your references using the Applied Geochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Geochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kalirai, J.S., 2012. The age of the Milky Way inner halo. Nature 486, 90–92.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sloan, P.A., Palmer, R.E., 2005. Two-electron dissociation of single molecules by atomic manipulation at room temperature. Nature 434, 367–371.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cabanes, C., Cazenave, A., Le Provost, C., 2001. Sea level rise during past 40 years determined from satellite and in situ observations. Science 294, 840–842.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dimitrov, A., Quesnoit, M., Moutel, S., Cantaloube, I., Poüs, C., Perez, F., 2008. Detection of GTP-tubulin conformation in vivo reveals a role for GTP remnants in microtubule rescues. Science 322, 1353–1356.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooney, K.A., Chappell, J.R., Callan, R.J., Connally, B.A., 2012. Veterinary Euthanasia Techniques. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Preedy, V.R., Patel, V.B. (Eds.), 2015. General Methods in Biomarker Research and their Applications, Biomarkers in Disease: Methods, Discoveries and Applications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Williams, K., 2011. What can the Historian of Science Learn from the Historian of the Fine Arts?, in: Williams, K. (Ed.), Crossroads: History of Science, History of Art: Essays by David Speiser, Vol. II. Springer, Basel, pp. 41–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Geochemistry.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2015. Developing A Warped Sense Of Humor Could Be An Early Sign Of Dementia [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Competition: Information on Federally Funded Research and Development Centers (No. NSIAD-88-116FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nellenbach, K.M., 2010. Contributions of oral language, problem-solving, and reading attitudes to young adolescents’ silent reading comprehension (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2005. Death Penalty Case Gives A Clue to Alito’s Methods. New York Times A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kalirai, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kalirai, 2012; Sloan and Palmer, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sloan and Palmer, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Dimitrov et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Geochemistry
AbbreviationAppl. Geochem.
ISSN (print)0883-2927
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology
Environmental Chemistry

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