How to format your references using the Gynecologic Oncology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gynecologic Oncology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pierrehumbert, R.T., 2004. High levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide necessary for the termination of global glaciation. Nature 429, 646–649.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bollyky, T.J., Bollyky, P.L., 2012. Science and government. Obama and the promotion of international science. Science 338, 610–612.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gawronski, H., Mehlhorn, M., Morgenstern, K., 2008. Imaging phonon excitation with atomic resolution. Science 319, 930–933.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sun, W., Tanaka, T.Q., Magle, C.T., Huang, W., Southall, N., Huang, R., Dehdashti, S.J., McKew, J.C., Williamson, K.C., Zheng, W., 2014. Chemical signatures and new drug targets for gametocytocidal drug development. Sci. Rep. 4, 3743.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heitz, E., Kreysa, G., 2005. Grundlagen der Technischen Elektrochemie. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Saari, V., 2012. Continuous-Time Low-Pass Filters for Integrated Wideband Radio Receivers, Analog Circuits and Signal Processing. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Cao, L., Zhang, C., Yu, P.S., Zhao, Y., 2010. D 3 M AKD Frameworks, in: Yu, P.S., Zhang, C., Zhao, Y. (Eds.), Domain Driven Data Mining. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 93–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gynecologic Oncology Reports.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. New Ways Are Needed To Make Cannabis Use Safer [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. College-and-Career Readiness: States Have Made Progress in Implementing New Standards and Assessments, but Challenges Remain (No. GAO-15-104R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McIlwain, C.J., 2017. Defense Institutional Building - Integrating the Work (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J., 2017. Poets to Discover. New York Times BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pierrehumbert, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Bollyky and Bollyky, 2012; Pierrehumbert, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bollyky and Bollyky, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Sun et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGynecologic Oncology Reports
AbbreviationGynecol. Oncol. Rep.
ISSN (print)2352-5789

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