How to format your references using the Gynecologic Oncology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gynecologic Oncology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yan, H., 2004. Materials science. Nucleic acid nanotechnology. Science 306, 2048–2049.
A journal article with 2 authors
DeLong, E.F., Karl, D.M., 2005. Genomic perspectives in microbial oceanography. Nature 437, 336–342.
A journal article with 3 authors
Park, S., Vohs, J.M., Gorte, R.J., 2000. Direct oxidation of hydrocarbons in a solid-oxide fuel cell. Nature 404, 265–267.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brocks, J.J., Love, G.D., Summons, R.E., Knoll, A.H., Logan, G.A., Bowden, S.A., 2005. Biomarker evidence for green and purple sulphur bacteria in a stratified Palaeoproterozoic sea. Nature 437, 866–870.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chu, P.P., 2011. Embedded SoPC Design with Nios II Processor and VHDL Examples. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bensalem, S., Peled, D.A. (Eds.), 2009. Runtime Verification: 9th International Workshop, RV 2009, Grenoble, France, June 26-28, 2009. Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Spence, R., 2009. Earthquake Risk Mitigation – The Global Challenge, in: Tankut, A.T. (Ed.), Earthquakes and Tsunamis: Civil Engineering Disaster Mitigation Activities Implementing Millennium Development Goals, Geotechnical, Geological, and Earthquake Engineering. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 35–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gynecologic Oncology Reports.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Outer Envelope of Flu Virus Simulated for the First Time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1970. Review of Training Grant Awarded to the University of California at Los Angeles (No. B-164031(2)). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tetley, J., 2009. An investigation of self-authorship, hope, and meaning in life among second-year college students (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Forsythe, M., Stevenson, A., 2017. Gadfly Nettles Chinese Elite From 5th Ave. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yan, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (DeLong and Karl, 2005; Yan, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (DeLong and Karl, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Brocks et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleGynecologic Oncology Reports
AbbreviationGynecol. Oncol. Rep.
ISSN (print)2352-5789

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