How to format your references using the Gynecologic Oncology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gynecologic Oncology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grünbaum, D., 2011. Ecology. Why did you Lévy? Science 332, 1514–1515.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martí, M.C., Webb, A.A.R., 2014. Plant science: leaf veins share the time of day. Nature 515, 352–353.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin, S.-C., Lo, Y.-C., Wu, H., 2010. Helical assembly in the MyD88-IRAK4-IRAK2 complex in TLR/IL-1R signalling. Nature 465, 885–890.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, X., Mi, W., Wang, X., Cheng, Y., Schwingenschlögl, U., 2014. The interface between Gd and monolayer MoS2: a first-principles study. Sci. Rep. 4, 7368.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silvia, T., Anzur, T., 2011. Power Performance. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Brinkschulte, U., Givargis, T., Russo, S. (Eds.), 2008. Software Technologies for Embedded and Ubiquitous Systems: 6th IFIP WG 10.2 International Workshop, SEUS 2008, Anacarpi, Capri Island, Italy, October 1-3, 2008 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Lalanda, P., McCann, J.A., Diaconescu, A., 2013. Autonomic Computing Architectures, in: McCann, J.A., Diaconescu, A. (Eds.), Autonomic Computing: Principles, Design and Implementation, Undergraduate Topics in Computer Science. Springer, London, pp. 95–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gynecologic Oncology Reports.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Bears Are Terrified Of “UFOs”: Should We Stop Using Drones To Monitor Wildlife? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. Electronic Government: Selection and Implementation of the Office of Management and Budget’s 24 Initiatives (No. GAO-03-229). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dovale, M.J., 2013. Postwar japan’s hybrid modernity of in-betweenness: Historical, literary, and social perspectives (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
This story was reported by C.J. Chivers, Arvedlund, E.E., Kishkovsky, S., Chivers, W. by M., 2004. Editor’s Death Raises Questions About Change in Russia. New York Times 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grünbaum, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Grünbaum, 2011; Martí and Webb, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martí and Webb, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGynecologic Oncology Reports
AbbreviationGynecol. Oncol. Rep.
ISSN (print)2352-5789

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