How to format your references using the Gynecologic Oncology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gynecologic Oncology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt, T., 2005. Pumping up the volume. Nature 436, 326–327.
A journal article with 2 authors
Allsop, D.J., West, S.A., 2003. Life history: changing sex at the same relative body size. Nature 425, 783–784.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jing, J., Bishop, C.A., Wu, L.-A., 2014. Nonperturbative dynamical decoupling with random control. Sci. Rep. 4, 6229.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pósfai, M., Liu, Y.-Y., Slotine, J.-J., Barabási, A.-L., 2013. Effect of correlations on network controllability. Sci. Rep. 3, 1067.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lado, E.P., 2016. The Common Fisheries Policy. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Reithmaier, J.P., Paunovic, P., Kulisch, W., Popov, C., Petkov, P. (Eds.), 2011. Nanotechnological Basis for Advanced Sensors, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Crowley, H., Colombi, M., Silva, V., 2014. Epistemic Uncertainty in Fragility Functions for European RC Buildings, in: Pitilakis, K., Crowley, H., Kaynia, A.M. (Eds.), SYNER-G: Typology Definition and Fragility Functions for Physical Elements at Seismic Risk: Buildings, Lifelines, Transportation Networks and Critical Facilities, Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 95–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gynecologic Oncology Reports.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. How Beefsteak Tomatoes Became So Supersized [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Information Technology: Management and Oversight of Projects Totaling Billions of Dollars Need Attention (No. GAO-09-624T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Battaglia, M., 2015. Presenting a pluralized past: Assessing the efficacy of multivocal, bison-themed lesson units as a public education and outreach strategy for archaeology (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2017. Schwarzenegger Won’t Return to ‘Celebrity Apprentice.’ New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reichhardt, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Allsop and West, 2003; Reichhardt, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Allsop and West, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Pósfai et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleGynecologic Oncology Reports
AbbreviationGynecol. Oncol. Rep.
ISSN (print)2352-5789

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