How to format your references using the Gynecologic Oncology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gynecologic Oncology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dolgin, E., 2014. Therapeutics: Negative feedback. Nature 508, S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lukas, D., Huchard, E., 2014. Sexual conflict. The evolution of infanticide by males in mammalian societies. Science 346, 841–844.
A journal article with 3 authors
Courtial, J., Leach, J., Padgett, M.J., 2001. Fractals in pixellated video feedback. Nature 414, 864.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bailey, J.V., Joye, S.B., Kalanetra, K.M., Flood, B.E., Corsetti, F.A., 2007. Evidence of giant sulphur bacteria in Neoproterozoic phosphorites. Nature 445, 198–201.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lavi, M.R., 2016. The Impact of IFRS on Industry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Fujita, H., Ali, M., Selamat, A., Sasaki, J., Kurematsu, M. (Eds.), 2016. Trends in Applied Knowledge-Based Systems and Data Science: 29th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems, IEA/AIE 2016, Morioka, Japan, August 2-4, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Richmond, S., Al Ali, A.M., Beldie, L., Chong, Y.T., Cronin, A., Djordjevic, J., Drage, N.A., Evans, D.M., Jones, D., Lu, Y., Marshall, D., Middleton, J., Parker, G., Paternoster, L., Playle, R.A., Popat, H., Rosin, P.L., Sidorov, K., Toma, A.M., Walker, B., Wilson, C., Zhurov, A.I., 2012. Detailing Patient Specific Modeling to Aid Clinical Decision-Making, in: Calvo Lopez, B., Peña, E. (Eds.), Patient-Specific Computational Modeling, Lecture Notes in Computational Vision and Biomechanics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 105–131.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gynecologic Oncology Reports.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. Potential Oldest Fossils Found Around Ancient Hydrothermal Vents [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Inadequate Monitoring of U.S. Merchant Tanker Fleet Hampers Mobilization Planning (No. LCD-79-215). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sefrit, J., 2008. A study of the effectiveness of a school district’s mentoring /professional development plan for beginning teachers (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2007. Party Time Where the Soviet Army Strutted. New York Times TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dolgin, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Dolgin, 2014; Lukas and Huchard, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lukas and Huchard, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Bailey et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleGynecologic Oncology Reports
AbbreviationGynecol. Oncol. Rep.
ISSN (print)2352-5789

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