How to format your references using the Gynecologic Oncology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gynecologic Oncology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, D., 2012. Time to stop relying on things past. Nature 492, 313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tatar, M., Rand, D.M., 2002. Aging. Dietary advice on Q. Science 295, 54–55.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dhakal, K., Black, B., Mohanty, S., 2014. Introduction of impermeable actin-staining molecules to mammalian cells by optoporation. Sci. Rep. 4, 6553.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Grohme, M.A., Schloissnig, S., Rozanski, A., Pippel, M., Young, G.R., Winkler, S., Brandl, H., Henry, I., Dahl, A., Powell, S., Hiller, M., Myers, E., Rink, J.C., 2018. The genome of Schmidtea mediterranea and the evolution of core cellular mechanisms. Nature 554, 56–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
French, M., Szepesvári, C., Rogers, E., 2005. Performance of Nonlinear Approximate Adaptive Controllers. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Li, J., 2013. From Multiscale Modeling to Meso-Science: A Chemical Engineering Perspective. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hauschild, W., Lemke, E., 2014. Partial Discharge Measurement, in: Lemke, E. (Ed.), High-Voltage Test and Measuring Techniques. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 157–231.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gynecologic Oncology Reports.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2015. NASA Release Report On The Orbital ATK Antares Rocket Crash Last Year [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Aviation Security: Computer-Assisted Passenger Prescreening System Faces Significant Implementation Challenges (No. GAO-04-385). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sahib, S.S., 2010. Numerical solutions of Maxwell’s equations in 1D, 2D, and 3D via the finite element method (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Strauss, B., 2016. In Baltimore, This Song Is Their Song. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Goldston, 2012; Tatar and Rand, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tatar and Rand, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Grohme et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleGynecologic Oncology Reports
AbbreviationGynecol. Oncol. Rep.
ISSN (print)2352-5789

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