How to format your references using the Applied Entomology and Zoology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Entomology and Zoology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brotherton MS (2014) Astrophysics: Quasar complexity simplified. Nature 513:181–182
A journal article with 2 authors
Bethell T, Bergin E (2009) Formation and survival of water vapor in the terrestrial planet-forming region. Science 326:1675–1677
A journal article with 3 authors
Croon MB, Hillier JK, Sclater JG (2011) Comment on “Mantle flow drives the subsidence of oceanic plates.” Science 331:1011; author reply 1011
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Noble PW, Young MR, Bernatsky S, et al (2014) A nucleolytic lupus autoantibody is toxic to BRCA2-deficient cancer cells. Sci Rep 4:5958

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Butler KC (2016) Multinational Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Rowiński P, Marion A (eds) (2016) Hydrodynamic and Mass Transport at Freshwater Aquatic Interfaces: 34th International School of Hydraulics. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Yoo IS, Reitelshöfer S, Landgraf M, Franke J (2015) Artificial Muscles, Made of Dielectric Elastomer Actuators - A Promising Solution for Inherently Compliant Future Robots. In: Verl A, Albu-Schäffer A, Brock O, Raatz A (eds) Soft Robotics: Transferring Theory to Application. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 33–41

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Entomology and Zoology.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) The Dark Web Is Actually More Of An Archipelago. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Los Angeles Red Line: Financing Decisions Could Affect This and Other Los Angeles County Rail Capital Projects. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Elizalde K (2014) Relationship between Latino adolescents and their mental health well-being: A quantitative study. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2012) Pondering Curses at Chavez Ravine. New York Times SP2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brotherton 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bethell and Bergin 2009; Brotherton 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bethell and Bergin 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Noble et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Entomology and Zoology
AbbreviationAppl. Entomol. Zool. (Jpn.)
ISSN (print)0003-6862
ISSN (online)1347-605X
ScopeInsect Science

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