How to format your references using the Applied Entomology and Zoology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Entomology and Zoology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bjorn G (2008) Ready, set, hire. Nature 451:740–741
A journal article with 2 authors
Ernst U, Pawelzik K (2011) Neuroscience. Sensible balance. Science 334:1507–1508
A journal article with 3 authors
Rust MJ, Golden SS, O’Shea EK (2011) Light-driven changes in energy metabolism directly entrain the cyanobacterial circadian oscillator. Science 331:220–223
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Yan H, Yu H, Xing W, et al (2014) Development of a proficiency testing program for the HIV-1 BED incidence assay in China. Sci Rep 4:4512

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Natsuno T (2005) i-Mode Strategy. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Bugdol M (2015) Integrated Management Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Biglia B (2011) Feminisms and Psychology in the Contemporary Spanish State. In: Rutherford A, Capdevila R, Undurti V, Palmary I (eds) Handbook of International Feminisms: Perspectives on Psychology, Women, Culture, and Rights. Springer, New York, NY, pp 83–107

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Entomology and Zoology.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Can Handshake Strength Really Predict Your Mortality Risk? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Possible Extended Use of the Federal Telecommunications System by DOD. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pobat M (2012) It is all in the Mind of the Manager—Using Cognitive Complexity to Explore the Global Mindset—A Comparative Case Study. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly D (1994) Some Bad Role Models. New York Times 718

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bjorn 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bjorn 2008; Ernst and Pawelzik 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ernst and Pawelzik 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Yan et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Entomology and Zoology
AbbreviationAppl. Entomol. Zool. (Jpn.)
ISSN (print)0003-6862
ISSN (online)1347-605X
ScopeInsect Science

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