How to format your references using the Applied Entomology and Zoology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Entomology and Zoology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Herschbach D (2000) Kent R. Wilson (1937-2000). Nature 405:902
A journal article with 2 authors
Volz J, Rauschenbeutel A (2012) Physics. Two atoms announce their long-distance relationship. Science 337:40–41
A journal article with 3 authors
Bloom JD, Gong LI, Baltimore D (2010) Permissive secondary mutations enable the evolution of influenza oseltamivir resistance. Science 328:1272–1275
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Blanche P-A, Bablumian A, Voorakaranam R, et al (2010) Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer. Nature 468:80–83

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bouchet O (2012) Wireless Optical Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Aranda-Corral GA, Calmet J, Martín-Mateos FJ (eds) (2014) Artificial Intelligence and Symbolic Computation: 12th International Conference, AISC 2014, Seville, Spain, December 11-13, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Miatton M (2015) Neuropsychological Aspects in Children and Adolescents with ConHD. In: Callus E, Quadri E (eds) Clinical Psychology and Congenital Heart Disease: Lifelong Psychological Aspects and Interventions. Springer, Milano, pp 69–82

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Entomology and Zoology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Biotech Company Granted Ethical Permission To Attempt To Use Stem Cells To Reactivate The Brains Of The Dead. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Superfund: EPA Needs to Better Focus Cleanup Technology Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meyertholen AN (2014) Blurring the lines: The invention of abstract in German literature since 1800. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Meier B, Ember S (2015) Questions on Direction of a Paper in Las Vegas. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Herschbach 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Herschbach 2000; Volz and Rauschenbeutel 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Volz and Rauschenbeutel 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Blanche et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Entomology and Zoology
AbbreviationAppl. Entomol. Zool. (Jpn.)
ISSN (print)0003-6862
ISSN (online)1347-605X
ScopeInsect Science

Other styles