How to format your references using the Applied Entomology and Zoology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Entomology and Zoology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rabitz H (2006) Chemistry. Strong-arming molecular dynamics. Science 314:264–265
A journal article with 2 authors
Binder P-M, Pipes RM (2014) Applied mathematics: how chaos forgets and remembers. Nature 510:343–344
A journal article with 3 authors
McSween HY Jr, Taylor GJ, Wyatt MB (2009) Elemental composition of the Martian crust. Science 324:736–739
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Peng C, Gathagan RJ, Covell DJ, et al (2018) Cellular milieu imparts distinct pathological α-synuclein strains in α-synucleinopathies. Nature 557:558–563

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kitai A (2011) Principles of Solar Cells, LEDs and Diodes: The role of the PN junction. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Hiramatsu M (2010) Carbon Nanowalls: Synthesis and Emerging Applications. Springer, Vienna
A chapter in an edited book
Musani MH, Vainrib A, Gupta R, Poon M (2015) Coronary Artery Disease Evaluation Using Cardiac CTA. In: Feldmann EJ, Poon M (eds) Clinical Pearls in Diagnostic Cardiac Computed Tomographic Angiography. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 69–122

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Entomology and Zoology.

Blog post
Luntz S (2016) Bikini Island Is Still Very Radioactive Five Decades After Atomic Bomb Tests. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Highway Trust Fund: Pilot Program Could Help Determine the Viability of Mileage Fees for Certain Vehicles. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salazar A (2012) Small school, big gains: A case study of urban high school reform. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Firer S (2017) Repetition Works for the Moon. New York Times MM15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rabitz 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Rabitz 2006; Binder and Pipes 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Binder and Pipes 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Peng et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Entomology and Zoology
AbbreviationAppl. Entomol. Zool. (Jpn.)
ISSN (print)0003-6862
ISSN (online)1347-605X
ScopeInsect Science

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