How to format your references using the Applied Entomology and Zoology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Entomology and Zoology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston D (2009) The new boss in town. Nature 457:17
A journal article with 2 authors
Kleckner D, Bouwmeester D (2006) Sub-kelvin optical cooling of a micromechanical resonator. Nature 444:75–78
A journal article with 3 authors
Jermiin LS, Poladian L, Charleston MA (2005) Evolution. Is the “Big Bang” in animal evolution real? Science 310:1910–1911
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Man W, Megens M, Steinhardt PJ, Chaikin PM (2005) Experimental measurement of the photonic properties of icosahedral quasicrystals. Nature 436:993–996

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Diab WW, Frazier HM (2011) Ethernet in the First Mile. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Nikolaidis Y (ed) (2013) Quality Management in Reverse Logistics: A Broad Look on Quality Issues and Their Interaction with Closed-Loop Supply Chains. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Bessas A, Kontogiannis S, Zaroliagis C (2009) Incentive-Compatible Robust Line Planning. In: Ahuja RK, Möhring RH, Zaroliagis CD (eds) Robust and Online Large-Scale Optimization: Models and Techniques for Transportation Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 85–118

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Entomology and Zoology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Stress Affects Sperm RNA In Mice. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1984) A Long-Term Plan Is Needed To Guide DOE and Multiprogram Laboratory Research and Development Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Plosky WD (2017) An Investment Case for Addressing Social Drivers of Structural Stigma and Discrimination Against Refugees in Resource-Poor Urban Areas. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gelles D, de la MERCED MJ (2017) Staples to Sell for $6.9 Billion, and Its New Owner Has an Uphill Battle. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Kleckner and Bouwmeester 2006; Goldston 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kleckner and Bouwmeester 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Man et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Entomology and Zoology
AbbreviationAppl. Entomol. Zool. (Jpn.)
ISSN (print)0003-6862
ISSN (online)1347-605X
ScopeInsect Science

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