How to format your references using the Journal of Vegetation Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vegetation Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chudler, E.H. 2010. SPORE series winner. Resources for anyone interested in the brain. Science (New York, N.Y.) 328: 1648–1649.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim, J., & Swager, T.M. 2001. Control of conformational and interpolymer effects in conjugated polymers. Nature 411: 1030–1034.
A journal article with 3 authors
Puckett, J.G., Kelley, D.H., & Ouellette, N.T. 2014. Searching for effective forces in laboratory insect swarms. Scientific reports 4: 4766.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, Z., Ma, J., Miyoshi, C., Li, Y., Sato, M., Ogawa, Y., Lou, T., Ma, C., Gao, X., Lee, C., Fujiyama, T., Yang, X., Zhou, S., Hotta-Hirashima, N., Klewe-Nebenius, D., Ikkyu, A., Kakizaki, M., Kanno, S., Cao, L., Takahashi, S., Peng, J., Yu, Y., Funato, H., Yanagisawa, M., & Liu, Q. 2018. Quantitative phosphoproteomic analysis of the molecular substrates of sleep need. Nature 558: 435–439.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grigg, N.S. 2010. Infrastructure Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dang, T.K., Wagner, R., Neuhold, E., Takizawa, M., Küng, J., & Thoai, N. (Eds.). 2014. Future Data and Security Engineering: First International Conference, FDSE 2014, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, November 19-21, 2014, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Bhamidimarri, R. 2016. Re-inventing Engineering Curriculum. In Bhamidimarri, R. & Liu, A. (eds.), Engineering and Enterprise: Inspiring Innovation, pp. 45–53. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vegetation Science.

Blog post
Andrews, R. 2015. New Evidence Suggests Life On Earth Began Much Earlier Than We Thought. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Advanced Reactor Research: DOE Supports Multiple Technologies, but Actions Needed to Ensure a Prototype Is Built. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stroot, P.G. 2004. Novel Reverse Transcription Method Confirms Growth Inhibition of Bacteria Exposed to Domestic Wastewater.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Senior, J. 2017. My Cousin The Soldier And Robber. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chudler 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Kim & Swager 2001; Chudler 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kim & Swager 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vegetation Science
AbbreviationJ. Veg. Sci.
ISSN (print)1100-9233
ISSN (online)1654-1103
ScopePlant Science

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