How to format your references using the Journal of Vegetation Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vegetation Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clark, J. 2009. Paleontology. Becoming T. rex. Science (New York, N.Y.) 326: 373–374.
A journal article with 2 authors
Long, T., & Wyse, S. 2012. IBI series winner. A season for inquiry: investigating phenology in local campus trees. Science (New York, N.Y.) 335: 932–933.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pobbati, A.V., Stein, A., & Fasshauer, D. 2006. N- to C-terminal SNARE complex assembly promotes rapid membrane fusion. Science (New York, N.Y.) 313: 673–676.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tochio, H., Tsui, M.M., Banfield, D.K., & Zhang, M. 2001. An autoinhibitory mechanism for nonsyntaxin SNARE proteins revealed by the structure of Ykt6p. Science (New York, N.Y.) 293: 698–702.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saccone, C., & Pesole, G. 2005. Handbook of Comparative Genomics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Seed, M.P., & Walsh, D.A. (Eds.). 2008. Angiogenesis in Inflammation: Mechanisms and Clinical Correlates. Birkhäuser, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
Biasotti, S., Attali, D., Boissonnat, J.-D., Edelsbrunner, H., Elber, G., Mortara, M., di Baja, G.S., Spagnuolo, M., Tanase, M., & Veltkamp, R. 2008. Skeletal Structures. In Floriani, L.D. & Spagnuolo, M. (eds.), Shape Analysis and Structuring, pp. 145–183. Mathematics and Visualization. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vegetation Science.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2016. The Cosmic Crime-Scene Hunt For Clues On How Galaxies Are Formed. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. The Rise of Political Science. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aparicio, E.M. 2015. Examining Latina/o STEM degree aspirations.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. 1993. First Lady and Top Official Visit, Both Named Hillary Clinton. New York Times B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clark 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Clark 2009; Long & Wyse 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Long & Wyse 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Tochio et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vegetation Science
AbbreviationJ. Veg. Sci.
ISSN (print)1100-9233
ISSN (online)1654-1103
ScopePlant Science

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