How to format your references using the Journal of Vegetation Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vegetation Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fox, R.O. 2009. Obituary: Frederic Richards (1925-2009). Nature 457: 976.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hoveyda, A.H., & Zhugralin, A.R. 2007. The remarkable metal-catalysed olefin metathesis reaction. Nature 450: 243–251.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cacchione, D.A., Pratson, L.F., & Ogston, A.S. 2002. The shaping of continental slopes by internal tides. Science (New York, N.Y.) 296: 724–727.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schumer, M., Xu, C., Powell, D.L., Durvasula, A., Skov, L., Holland, C., Blazier, J.C., Sankararaman, S., Andolfatto, P., Rosenthal, G.G., & Przeworski, M. 2018. Natural selection interacts with recombination to shape the evolution of hybrid genomes. Science (New York, N.Y.) 360: 656–660.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
De Martini, D. 2013. Success Probability Estimation with Applications to Clinical Trials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Heather, J., Schneider, S., & Teague, V. (Eds.). 2013. E-Voting and Identify: 4th International Conference, Vote-ID 2013, Guildford, UK, July 17-19, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Cooper, C.R., Satcher, R.A., Gurski, L.A., & van Golen, K.L. 2009. Mechanism of Metastasis to Bone: The Role of Bone Marrow Endothelium. In Bronner, F. & Farach-Carson, M.C. (eds.), Bone and Cancer, pp. 57–71. Springer, London.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vegetation Science.

Blog post
Andrews, R. 2016. This Simple Computer Game Seriously Boosts Children’s Math Skills. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Within-School Discrimination: Inadequate Title VI Enforcement by the Office for Civil Rights. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cong, M. 2015. Predictive models of cytotoxicity as mediated by exposure to environmental toxicants and drugs.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Apuzzo, M., Fink, S., & Risen, J. 2016. U.S. Torture Leaves a Legacy of Detainees With Damaged Minds. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fox 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Hoveyda & Zhugralin 2007; Fox 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hoveyda & Zhugralin 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Schumer et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vegetation Science
AbbreviationJ. Veg. Sci.
ISSN (print)1100-9233
ISSN (online)1654-1103
ScopePlant Science

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