How to format your references using the Journal of Vegetation Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vegetation Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Charlebois, D. 2009. Journal club. A biophysicist ponders the application of hidden metric spaces to genetic networks. Nature 458: 811.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xu, B., & Tao, N.J. 2003. Measurement of single-molecule resistance by repeated formation of molecular junctions. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301: 1221–1223.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, F., Chen, X., & Vitousek, P. 2013. Chinese agriculture: An experiment for the world. Nature 497: 33–35.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Patabendige, C.N.K., Azad, A.K., Connor, P.A., Rolle, A., & Irvine, J.T.S. 2013. Remarkable transition from rocksalt/perovskite layered structure to fluorite/rocksalt layered structure in rapidly cooled Ln₂CuO₄. Scientific reports 3: 1504.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D’Andrea, A., & Sjogren, J. 2013. Veterinary Technician’s Large Animal Daily Reference Guide. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Rajendram, R., Preedy, V.R., & Patel, V.B. (Eds.). 2015. Glutamine in Clinical Nutrition. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Lluch, A. 2015. Osteoarthritis of the Wrist and DRUJ. In Trail, I.A. & Fleming, A.N.M. (eds.), Disorders of the Hand: Volume 3: Inflammation, Arthritis and Contractures, pp. 41–69. Springer, London.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vegetation Science.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. 2017. This New Planet Formation Theory Could Explain The Weird TRAPPIST-1 System. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. Recovery Act: States’ Use of Highway Infrastructure Funds and Compliance with the Act’s Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Butler, B.K. 2013. Error Floors of LDPC Codes and Related Topics.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hennessey, S. 2017. Did Trump Violate His Oath of Office? New York Times A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Charlebois 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Xu & Tao 2003; Charlebois 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xu & Tao 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Patabendige et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vegetation Science
AbbreviationJ. Veg. Sci.
ISSN (print)1100-9233
ISSN (online)1654-1103
ScopePlant Science

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