How to format your references using the Journal of Vegetation Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vegetation Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zeng, W. 2008. China’s challenge. Nature 452: 1028–1029.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rudolph, M.L., & Zhong, S. 2013. Does quadrupole stability imply LLSVP fixity? Nature 503: E3-4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, C.C., Hu, Y., & Ribbe, M.W. 2010. Vanadium nitrogenase reduces CO. Science (New York, N.Y.) 329: 642.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
McClintock, W.E., Vervack, R.J., Jr, Bradley, E.T., Killen, R.M., Mouawad, N., Sprague, A.L., Burger, M.H., Solomon, S.C., & Izenberg, N.R. 2009. MESSENGER observations of Mercury’s exosphere: detection of magnesium and distribution of constituents. Science (New York, N.Y.) 324: 610–613.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Manuele, F.A. 2005. On the Practice of Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gaber, M.M. (Ed.). 2012. Journeys to Data Mining: Experiences from 15 Renowned Researchers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Daun, H. 2006. Privatisation, Decentralisation and Governance in Education in the Czech Republic, England, France, Germany, and Sweden. In Zajda, J. (ed.), Decentralisation and Privatisation in Education: The Role of the State, pp. 75–96. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vegetation Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. Researchers Discover How Pac-Man Frogs Are Able To Hunt Large Prey. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Telecommunications: Impact of Sports Programming Costs on Cable Television Rates. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marquez, M.C. 2015. Manuel Ponce’s “Estrellita” (arranged by Jascha Heifetz): A historical and performance practice guide for the violinist.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. 2016. A Band Helps the East Village Heal After a Devastating Gas Explosion. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zeng 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Zeng 2008; Rudolph & Zhong 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rudolph & Zhong 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (McClintock et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vegetation Science
AbbreviationJ. Veg. Sci.
ISSN (print)1100-9233
ISSN (online)1654-1103
ScopePlant Science

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