How to format your references using the Journal of Vegetation Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Vegetation Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kung, C. 2005. A possible unifying principle for mechanosensation. Nature 436: 647–654.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vitetta, E.S., & Ghetie, V.F. 2006. Immunology. Considering therapeutic antibodies. Science (New York, N.Y.) 313: 308–309.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ragunathan, K., Jih, G., & Moazed, D. 2015. Epigenetics. Epigenetic inheritance uncoupled from sequence-specific recruitment. Science (New York, N.Y.) 348: 1258699.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang, Y., Mao, K., Chen, X., Sun, M.-A., Kawabe, T., Li, W., Usher, N., Zhu, J., Urban, J.F., Jr, Paul, W.E., & Germain, R.N. 2018. S1P-dependent interorgan trafficking of group 2 innate lymphoid cells supports host defense. Science (New York, N.Y.) 359: 114–119.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gauthier, M., Andreff, N., & Dombre, E. 2014. Intracorporeal Robotics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, USA.
An edited book
Robertson, M., & Tsang, P.K.E. (Eds.). 2016. Everyday Knowledge, Education and Sustainable Futures: Transdisciplinary Approaches in the Asia-Pacific Region. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Shover, N. 2007. Generative Worlds of White-Collar Crime. In Pontell, H.N. & Geis, G. (eds.), International Handbook of White-Collar and Corporate Crime, pp. 81–97. Springer US, Boston, MA.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Vegetation Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Scientists Find Evidence For 430,000-year-old Murder. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. ADP Budget: Department of the Army’s Information Technology Systems Obligations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Swan, C. 2017. Arts participation and career preparedness: A pragmatic approach to assessing arts benefits.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. 2006. Justices Uphold State Rules In Decision on Dam Licenses. New York Times A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kung 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Kung 2005; Vitetta & Ghetie 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vitetta & Ghetie 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Vegetation Science
AbbreviationJ. Veg. Sci.
ISSN (print)1100-9233
ISSN (online)1654-1103
ScopePlant Science

Other styles