How to format your references using the Materials Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Materials Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Armstrong FA. Chemistry. Copying biology’s ways with hydrogen. Science. 2013;339:658–659.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Chang M, Lingner J. Cell signaling. Tel2 finally tells one story. Science. 2008;320:60–61.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Yang D-S, Lao C, Zewail AH. 4D electron diffraction reveals correlated unidirectional behavior in zinc oxide nanowires. Science. 2008;321:1660–1664.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Mao S, Yu K, Chang J, et al. Direct growth of vertically-oriented graphene for field-effect transistor biosensor. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1696.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Patterson SJ, Radtke JM. Strategic Communications for Nonprofit Organizations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
[1]
Monteiro J, Leuken R van, editors. Integrated Circuit and System Design. Power and Timing Modeling, Optimization and Simulation: 19th International Workshop, PATMOS 2009, Delft, The Netherlands, September 9-11, 2009, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Carey JC. The Importance of Case Reports in Advancing Scientific Knowledge of Rare Diseases. In: Posada de la Paz M, Groft SC, editors. Rare Diseases Epidemiology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010. p. 77–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Materials Technology.

Blog post
[1]
Evans K. Wildlife Summit Rejects Attempt To Resume Ivory Trade [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/wildlife-summit-rejects-attempt-to-resume-ivory-trade/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Highways: How State Agencies Adopt New Pavement Technologies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988. Report No.: PEMD-88-19. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Dale B. Changing how we change: A case study of Escondido Union School District [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly J. I Make G.M.O. Food. Label It. New York Times. 2016 May 16;A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaterials Technology
AbbreviationMater. Technol. (UK)
ISSN (print)1066-7857
ISSN (online)1753-5557
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles