How to format your references using the Materials Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Materials Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr RA. The Sun Again Intrudes on Earth’s Decadal Climate Change. Science. 2000;288:1986.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hewitt SC, Korach KS. Cell biology. A hand to support the implantation window. Science. 2011;331:863–864.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tria F, Pompei S, Loreto V. Dynamically correlated mutations drive human Influenza A evolution. Sci. Rep. 2013;3:2705.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Eremets MI, Struzhkin VV, Mao H, et al. Superconductivity in boron. Science. 2001;293:272–274.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhu FXX, Hoehn R, Thakkar V, et al. Hydroprocessing for Clean Energy. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Plonsey R. Bioelectricity: A Quantitative Approach. Third Edition. Barr RC, editor. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Benjamini I, Schramm O. Finite Transitive Graph Embeddings into a Hyperbolic Metric Space Must Stretch or Squeeze. In: Klartag B, Mendelson S, Milman VD, editors. Geometric Aspects of Functional Analysis: Israel Seminar 2006–2010. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 123–126.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Materials Technology.

Blog post
Fang J. Human Gut Cells Coaxed Into Producing Insulin [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Space Launches: FAA Needs Continued Planning and Monitoring to Oversee the Safety of the Emerging Space Tourism Industry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006. Report No.: GAO-07-16. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dinh W. Elderly Vietnamese’ perceptions of the effects of Adult Day Health Care services on their mental and physical well-being [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus S. Something Was Wrong. New York Times. 2016 Feb 15;BR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMaterials Technology
AbbreviationMater. Technol. (UK)
ISSN (print)1066-7857
ISSN (online)1753-5557
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles