How to format your references using the Applied Computing and Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Computing and Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fukatsu, T., 2010. Evolution. A fungal past to insect color. Science 328, 574–575.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sun, Y.-G., Chen, Z.-F., 2007. A gastrin-releasing peptide receptor mediates the itch sensation in the spinal cord. Nature 448, 700–703.
A journal article with 3 authors
Takahashi, Y., Sipp, D., Enomoto, H., 2013. Tissue interactions in neural crest cell development and disease. Science 341, 860–863.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Coronado, E., Galán-Mascarós, J.R., Gómez-García, C.J., Laukhin, V., 2000. Coexistence of ferromagnetism and metallic conductivity in a molecule-based layered compound. Nature 408, 447–449.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rao, C.L., Narayanamurthy, V., Simha, K.R.Y., 2016. Applied Impact Mechanics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Small, W., Woloschak, G.E. (Eds.), 2006. Radiation Toxicity: A Practical Guide, Cancer Treatment and Research. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Turenne, S., 2012. Judicial Independence in England and Wales, in: Seibert-Fohr, A. (Ed.), Judicial Independence in Transition, Beiträge Zum Ausländischen Öffentlichen Recht Und Völkerrecht. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 147–183.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Computing and Geosciences.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. Motor Neuron Disease Linked To Schizophrenia, And Treatment Might Be Getting Closer [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Proposed Legislation to Fund and Establish a Nonprofit National Center for Long-Term Environmental Research (No. B-140579). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klein, K.A., 2009. Vocabulary acquisition via cross-situational learning (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Apuzzo, M., Schmidt, M.S., 2017. Comey Tells How Trump Persisted in Pleas to F.B.I. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fukatsu, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Fukatsu, 2010; Sun and Chen, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sun and Chen, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Coronado et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Computing and Geosciences
ISSN (print)2590-1974

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