How to format your references using the Biosensors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biosensors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clay, J. Freeze the footprint of food. Nature 2011, 475, 287–289.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, X.; Huang, B. Computational study of in-plane phonon transport in Si thin films. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6399.
A journal article with 3 authors
Banerjee, P.; Pollitz, F.F.; Bürgmann, R. The size and duration of the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake from far-field static offsets. Science 2005, 308, 1769–1772.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Park, P.W.; Pier, G.B.; Hinkes, M.T.; Bernfield, M. Exploitation of syndecan-1 shedding by Pseudomonas aeruginosa enhances virulence. Nature 2001, 411, 98–102.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dormieux, L.; Kondo, D. Micromechanics of Fracture and Damage; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2016; ISBN 9781119292166.
An edited book
Buchholz, B.M. Smart Grids – Fundamentals and Technologies in Electricity Networks; Styczynski, Z., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014; ISBN 9783642451195.
A chapter in an edited book
Miao, Z.; Liu, C.; Lin, X. FCM Algorithm Based on Improved Automatic Segmentation of MRI Brain Images. In Computer Science for Environmental Engineering and EcoInformatics: International Workshop, CSEEE 2011, Kunming, China, July 29-31, 2011, Proceedings, Part II; Yu, Y., Yu, Z., Zhao, J., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; pp. 24–29 ISBN 9783642226908.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biosensors.

Blog post
Fang, J. Ongoing Disney Measles Outbreak Sickens 67 - Including Six Who Were Too Young To Be Vaccinated Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office NASA Performance Awards; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1980;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Glock, M. Cultural futuristics: Bringing consciousness to cultural complexes and soul to scenario based planning. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute: Carpinteria, CA, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. A Love Story Affirmed Life In Time of War. New York Times 2011, SP6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiosensors
AbbreviationBiosensors (Basel)
ISSN (online)2079-6374
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
General Medicine

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