How to format your references using the Biosensors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biosensors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lee, P.A. Physics. Seeking out Majorana under the Microscope. Science 2014, 346, 545–546.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bisley, J.W.; Goldberg, M.E. Neuronal Activity in the Lateral Intraparietal Area and Spatial Attention. Science 2003, 299, 81–86.
A journal article with 3 authors
O’Connor, D.H.; Huber, D.; Svoboda, K. Reverse Engineering the Mouse Brain. Nature 2009, 461, 923–929.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Peng, C.; Yang, J.; Zheng, Y.; Xu, Z.; Jiang, X. Early Magnitude Estimation for the MW7.9 Wenchuan Earthquake Using Progressively Expanded P-Wave Time Window. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6770.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nazarov, V.E.; Radostin, A.V. Nonlinear Acoustic Waves in Micro-Inhomogeneous Solids; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2014; ISBN 9781118698334.
An edited book
Psychiatric Drugs in Children and Adolescents: Basic Pharmacology and Practical Applications; Gerlach, M., Warnke, A., Greenhill, L., Eds.; Springer: Vienna, 2014; ISBN 9783709115008.
A chapter in an edited book
Bain, J. Relativity and Quantum Field Theory. In Space, Time, and Spacetime: Physical and Philosophical Implications of Minkowski’s Unification of Space and Time; Petkov, V., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; pp. 129–146 ISBN 9783642135378.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biosensors.

Blog post
Andrews, R. Mysterious New Fault Discovered Right Next To San Andreas Fault Line Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Transportation-Disadvantaged Seniors: Efforts to Enhance Senior Mobility Could Benefit from Additional Guidance and Information; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2004;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCorkle, W.B. Tongue, Nib, Block, Bit: Rhetorical Delivery and Technologies of Writing. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University: Columbus, OH, 2005.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mcgraw, G. Water, Water Nowhere. New York Times 2016, A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiosensors
AbbreviationBiosensors (Basel)
ISSN (online)2079-6374
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
General Medicine

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