How to format your references using the Biosensors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biosensors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jain, K.K. Tech.Sight. Biochips for gene spotting. Science 2001, 294, 621–623.
A journal article with 2 authors
Otsuka, K.; Karato, S.-I. Deep penetration of molten iron into the mantle caused by a morphological instability. Nature 2012, 492, 243–246.
A journal article with 3 authors
Elion, E.A.; Qi, M.; Chen, W. Signal transduction. Signaling specificity in yeast. Science 2005, 307, 687–688.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Blackburn, J.M.; Long, D.P.; Cabanas, A.; Watkins, J.J. Deposition of conformal copper and nickel films from supercritical carbon dioxide. Science 2001, 294, 141–145.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zanotto, E.D. Crystals in Glass; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2013; ISBN 9781118559055.
An edited book
Information Networking. Advances in Data Communications and Wireless Networks: International Conference, ICOIN 2006, Sendai, Japan, January 16-19, 2006, Revised Selected Papers; Chong, I., Kawahara, K., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006; Vol. 3961; ISBN 9783540485636.
A chapter in an edited book
Georgakis, C.T.; Jørgensen, N.G. Change in Mass and Damping on Vertically Vibrating Footbridges Due to Pedestrians. In Topics in Dynamics of Bridges, Volume 3: Proceedings of the 31st IMAC, A Conference on Structural Dynamics, 2013; Cunha, A., Ed.; Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series; Springer: New York, NY, 2013; pp. 37–45 ISBN 9781461465188.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biosensors.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Has Climate Change Really Improved U.S. Weather? Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2002;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aslanyan, A.L. Psycho-educational group for family members of adults with a mental health diagnosis: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. Court Backs Police Officers In Chase That Hurt Driver. New York Times 2007, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiosensors
AbbreviationBiosensors (Basel)
ISSN (online)2079-6374
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
General Medicine

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