How to format your references using the Biosensors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biosensors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dyson, P.J. Journal Club. A Chemist Highlights Promising Organometallic Drugs. Nature 2009, 458, 389.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhuo, S.; Ni, M. Label-Free and Real-Time Imaging of Dehydration-Induced DNA Conformational Changes in Cellular Nucleus Using Second Harmonic Microscopy. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 7416.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bortnik, J.; Thorne, R.M.; Meredith, N.P. The Unexpected Origin of Plasmaspheric Hiss from Discrete Chorus Emissions. Nature 2008, 452, 62–66.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Maeda, T.; Hobbs, R.M.; Merghoub, T.; Guernah, I.; Zelent, A.; Cordon-Cardo, C.; Teruya-Feldstein, J.; Pandolfi, P.P. Role of the Proto-Oncogene Pokemon in Cellular Transformation and ARF Repression. Nature 2005, 433, 278–285.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guzik, A. Essentials for Occupational Health Nursing; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: West Sussex, UK, 2013; ISBN 9781118783252.
An edited book
Euro-Par 2011: Parallel Processing Workshops: CCPI, CGWS, HeteroPar, HiBB, HPCVirt, HPPC, HPSS, MDGS, ProPer, Resilience, UCHPC, VHPC, Bordeaux, France, August 29 – September 2, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Part II; Alexander, M., D’Ambra, P., Belloum, A., Bosilca, G., Cannataro, M., Danelutto, M., Martino, B.D., Gerndt, M., Jeannot, E., Namyst, R., Roman, J., Scott, S.L., Traff, J.L., Vallée, G., Weidendorfer, J., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; Vol. 7156; ISBN 9783642297397.
A chapter in an edited book
Khalil, A.; Bowles, L.; O’Brien, P.; Cohen, H. Systemic Thromboembolism in Pregnancy: Venous Thromboembolism. In Disorders of Thrombosis and Hemostasis in Pregnancy: A Guide to Management; Cohen, H., O’Brien, P., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 81–104 ISBN 9783319151199.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biosensors.

Blog post
Taub, B. Our Brains Are Naturally Prejudiced Against Minorities, Study Finds Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office DOD Business Systems Modernization: Limited Progress in Development of Business Enterprise Architecture and Oversight of Information Technology Investments; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2004;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams, A.P. Reentry of Substance Abusing Female Ex-Offenders from Prison to an Urban Community. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. Battered Mets Survive the Nationals. New York Times 2017, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiosensors
AbbreviationBiosensors (Basel)
ISSN (online)2079-6374
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
General Medicine

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