How to format your references using the Applied Catalysis B: Environmental citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G.A. Kowalchuk, Ecology. Bad news for soil carbon sequestration?, Science. 337 (2012) 1049–1050.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.G. Victor, J.P. Leape, Global climate agreement: After the talks, Nature. 527 (2015) 439–441.
A journal article with 3 authors
F. Mohn, D. Handler, J. Brennecke, Noncoding RNA. piRNA-guided slicing specifies transcripts for Zucchini-dependent, phased piRNA biogenesis, Science. 348 (2015) 812–817.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A.R. Duke, M.W. Jenkins, H. Lu, J.M. McManus, H.J. Chiel, E.D. Jansen, Transient and selective suppression of neural activity with infrared light, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2600.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Askoolum, System Building with APL + Win, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2007.
An edited book
J.C. Verster, S.R. Pandi-Perumal, D.L. Streiner, eds., Sleep and Quality of Life in Clinical Medicine, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Jain, N. Abdullah, B.K. Lim, Science Learners’ Conceptions on the Scientific Theory-Law Relationship: A Phenomenographic Case Study, in: C.Y. Fook, G.K. Sidhu, S. Narasuman, L.L. Fong, S.B. Abdul Rahman (Eds.), 7th International Conference on University Learning and Teaching (InCULT 2014) Proceedings: Educate to Innovate, Springer, Singapore, 2016: pp. 39–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Catalysis B: Environmental.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Astronomers Spot Closest Star In Orbit Around A Black Hole, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, NASA: Progress Made on Strategic Human Capital Management, but Future Program Challenges Remain, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N. Lama, Optimized Veterinary Thermographic Image Classification using Support Vector Machines and Noise Mitigation, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.M. Grynbaum, E. Steel, Hannity Defends Fox News Leader, New York Times. (2017) B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
AbbreviationAppl. Catal. B
ISSN (print)0926-3373
Process Chemistry and Technology
General Environmental Science

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