How to format your references using the Applied Catalysis B: Environmental citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.T. Pierrehumbert, The hydrologic cycle in deep-time climate problems, Nature. 419 (2002) 191–198.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Cosson, M.P. Lutolf, Hydrogel microfluidics for the patterning of pluripotent stem cells, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4462.
A journal article with 3 authors
V. Chevrier, F. Poulet, J.-P. Bibring, Early geochemical environment of Mars as determined from thermodynamics of phyllosilicates, Nature. 448 (2007) 60–63.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Dickinson, G. Farman, M. Frye, T. Bekyarova, D. Gore, D. Maughan, T. Irving, Molecular dynamics of cyclically contracting insect flight muscle in vivo, Nature. 433 (2005) 330–334.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O. Vanbésien, Artificial Materials, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
J.J.P.C. Rodrigues, L. Zhou, M. Chen, A. Kailas, eds., Green Communications and Networking: First International Conference, GreeNets 2011, Colmar, France, October 5-7, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
G.B. Khomutov, DNA-Based Synthesis and Assembly of Organized Iron Oxide Nanostructures, in: M. Giersig, G.B. Khomutov (Eds.), Nanomaterials for Application in Medicine and Biology, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2008: pp. 39–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Catalysis B: Environmental.

Blog post
T. Hale, What Happens If You Put Red Hot Steel On A Frozen Lake?, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Key Controls NASA Employs to Guide Use and Management of Funded Space Act Agreements Are Generally Sufficient, but Some Could Be Strengthened and Clarified, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
I. Pepper, On the Difference between Serialism and Seriality, Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
W. by J. Leland, Silence Is Golden, New York Times. (2017) MB7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
AbbreviationAppl. Catal. B
ISSN (print)0926-3373
Process Chemistry and Technology
General Environmental Science

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