How to format your references using the Applied Catalysis B: Environmental citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L.S. Wilkinson, Developmental biology. Which parental gene gets the upper hand?, Science. 329 (2010) 636–637.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Doebeli, U. Dieckmann, Speciation along environmental gradients, Nature. 421 (2003) 259–264.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.V. Pobbati, A. Stein, D. Fasshauer, N- to C-terminal SNARE complex assembly promotes rapid membrane fusion, Science. 313 (2006) 673–676.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Basu, Y. Gerchman, C.H. Collins, F.H. Arnold, R. Weiss, A synthetic multicellular system for programmed pattern formation, Nature. 434 (2005) 1130–1134.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C.A. Campbell, The One-Page Project Manager for it Projects, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2008.
An edited book
J.R. Bellon, J.S. Wong, S.M. MacDonald, A.Y. Ho, eds., Radiation Therapy Techniques and Treatment Planning for Breast Cancer, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Dragolov, Z.S. Ignácz, J. Lorenz, J. Delhey, K. Boehnke, K. Unzicker, Syndrome Character and Regimes of Social Cohesion, in: Z.S. Ignácz, J. Lorenz, J. Delhey, K. Boehnke, K. Unzicker (Eds.), Social Cohesion in the Western World: What Holds Societies Together: Insights from the Social Cohesion Radar, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 47–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Catalysis B: Environmental.

Blog post
J. Fang, Mars Rover Breaks Longest Off-World Driving Record, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Geographic Information Systems: Challenges to Effective Data Sharing, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B.N. Ramirez, Middle School English Language Learner Electronic Media Usage and Its Relationship to Reading, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G.G. Gustines, Look! Up in the Sky! Hoping for Broadway!, New York Times. (2010) AR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
AbbreviationAppl. Catal. B
ISSN (print)0926-3373
Process Chemistry and Technology
General Environmental Science

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