How to format your references using the National Medical Journal of China citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for National Medical Journal of China. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Akimoto H. Global air quality and pollution. Science. 2003 Dec 5;302(5651):1716–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Matthews HD, Solomon S. Atmosphere. Irreversible does not mean unavoidable. Science. 2013 Apr 26;340(6131):438–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Riddihough G, Purnell BA, Travis J. Freedom of expression. Introduction to special issue. Science. 2008 Mar 28;319(5871):1781.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Choi E-S, Nam J-S, Jung J-Y, Cho N-P, Cho S-D. Modulation of specificity protein 1 by mithramycin A as a novel therapeutic strategy for cervical cancer. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov 24;4:7162.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Zink M. Scalable Video on Demand. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Akiyama J. Factors and Factorizations of Graphs: Proof Techniques in Factor Theory. Kano M, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. XII, 353 p. 153 illus. (Lecture Notes in Mathematics; vol. 2031).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Yang J, Liu H. Nanocomposites Consisting of Silver Sulfide and Noble Metals. In: Liu H, editor. Metal-Based Composite Nanomaterials. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 93–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for National Medical Journal of China.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. What Mongol History Predicts For The New Season Of Game of Thrones. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: Observations on the Wide Area Augmentation System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Oct. Report No.: T-RCED-98-12.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Richardson VM. In vitro thyroid hormone metabolism: Effects of nuclear receptor activation on the metabolic profiles of thyroxine in rat and human hepatocytes [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Poniewozik J. A Vanished Woman’s Strange Return. New York Times. 2016 Dec 16;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNational Medical Journal of China
ISSN (print)0376-2491
Scope

Other styles