How to format your references using the National Medical Journal of China citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for National Medical Journal of China. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Friedman JM. A war on obesity, not the obese. Science. 2003 Feb 7;299(5608):856–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Scott JD, Pawson T. Cell signaling in space and time: where proteins come together and when they’re apart. Science. 2009 Nov 27;326(5957):1220–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Yuan N, Fu Z, Liu S. Extracting climate memory using Fractional Integrated Statistical Model: a new perspective on climate prediction. Sci Rep. 2014 Oct 10;4:6577.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Hu F, Lin H, Zhang Z, Liao F, Shao M, Lifshitz Y, et al. Smart liquid SERS substrates based on Fe3O4/Au nanoparticles with reversibly tunable enhancement factor for practical quantitative detection. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov 27;4:7204.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Basset P, Blokhina E, Galayko D. Electrostatic Kinetic Energy Harvesting. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Lowen R, Verschoren A, editors. Foundations of Generic Optimization: Volume 2: Applications of Fuzzy Control, Genetic Algorithms and Neural Networks. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008. X, 458 p. (Mathematical Modelling: Theory and Applications; vol. 24).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lal A, Qadeer S. Reachability Modulo Theories. In: Abdulla PA, Potapov I, editors. Reachability Problems: 7th International Workshop, RP 2013, Uppsala, Sweden, September 24-26, 2013 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 23–44. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for National Medical Journal of China.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Scientists Hope Study Will Make Tomatoes Great Again [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/scientists-hope-study-will-make-tomatoes-great-again/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. 2020 Census: Prioritized Information Technology Research and Testing Is Needed for Census Design Decisions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Apr. Report No.: GAO-14-389.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Staal J. The Relationships Among Sleep Quality, Frailty, and Falls in Older Adults Residing in the Community [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wines M, Bosman J. A ‘Passionate’ Seeker of Voter Fraud in Kansas Gets a National Soapbox. New York Times. 2017 May 14;A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNational Medical Journal of China
ISSN (print)0376-2491
Scope

Other styles