How to format your references using the National Medical Journal of China citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for National Medical Journal of China. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Skipper M. Evolution: Finches sequenced. Nature. 2015 Feb 19;518(7539):308.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bayer R, Colgrove J. Public health vs. civil liberties. Science. 2002 Sep 13;297(5588):1811.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lamb D, Erskine PD, Parrotta JA. Restoration of degraded tropical forest landscapes. Science. 2005 Dec 9;310(5754):1628–32.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tsatourian V, Sergeyev SV, Mou C, Rozhin A, Mikhailov V, Rabin B, et al. Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser. Sci Rep. 2013 Nov 6;3:3154.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shi Y, Liu M, Fang F. Combined Cooling, Heating, and Power Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Sheng QZ, Wang G, Jensen CS, Xu G, editors. Web Technologies and Applications: 14th Asia-Pacific Web Conference, APWeb 2012, Kunming, China, April 11-13, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. XIX, 799 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 7235).
A chapter in an edited book
Morazzani I, Hong D, Lahr D, Ren P. Novel Tripedal Mobile Robot and Considerations for Gait Planning Strategies Based on Kinematics. In: Lee S, Suh IH, Kim MS, editors. Recent Progress in Robotics: Viable Robotic Service to Human: An Edition of the Selected Papers from the 13th International Conference on Advanced Robotics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 35–48. (Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for National Medical Journal of China.

Blog post
Andrew E. Single Therapy Session Cures 73% Of Insomniacs [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Federal Business Continuity and Contingency Plans and Day One Strategies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Oct. Report No.: T-AIMD-00-40.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Corbin-Staton AP. Contexts of parental involvement: An interpretive synthesis of qualitative literature using the meta-interpretation method [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Soloski A. In Two Israeli Plays, Peace Is Forever Receding. New York Times. 2017 Jul 26;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNational Medical Journal of China
ISSN (print)0376-2491

Other styles