How to format your references using the National Medical Journal of China citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for National Medical Journal of China. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Wehrli B. Biogeochemistry: Conduits of the carbon cycle. Nature. 2013 Nov 21;503(7476):346–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Shen B, Goodman HM. Uridine addition after microRNA-directed cleavage. Science. 2004 Nov 5;306(5698):997.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Martin-Lluesma S, Stucke VM, Nigg EA. Role of Hec1 in spindle checkpoint signaling and kinetochore recruitment of Mad1/Mad2. Science. 2002 Sep 27;297(5590):2267–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Liou T-H, Huang S-W, Lin J-W, Chang Y-S, Wu C-W, Lin H-W. Risk of stroke in patients with rheumatism: a nationwide longitudinal population-based study. Sci Rep. 2014 Jun 5;4:5110.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft. List of MAK and BAT Values 2014. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Niemi H, Toom A, Kallioniemi A, editors. Miracle of Education: The Principles and Practices of Teaching and Learning in Finnish Schools. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012. VI, 288 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wakelam V, Cuppen HM, Herbst E. Astrochemistry: Synthesis and Modelling. In: Smith IWM, Cockell CS, Leach S, editors. Astrochemistry and Astrobiology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 115–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for National Medical Journal of China.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. More Refined Blood Test Could Cut Possible Heart Attack Admissions By Two-Thirds. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. An Approach to the Audit of Research and Development Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1969 Jan. Report No.: 091023.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Sinha R. An Integrated Development Environment for the Clara Constraint-Programming Language [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Robbins L, Rodriguez NT. Gang Murders in the Suburbs. New York Times. 2017 Jul 12;MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNational Medical Journal of China
ISSN (print)0376-2491
Scope

Other styles