How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Renner, S. S. (2011). Evolution. Living fossil younger than thought. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6057), 766–767.
A journal article with 2 authors
Casillas, C. E., & Kammen, D. M. (2010). Environment and development. The energy-poverty-climate nexus. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6008), 1181–1182.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nandal, P., Ravella, S. R., & Kuhad, R. C. (2013). Laccase production by Coriolopsis caperata RCK2011: optimization under solid state fermentation by Taguchi DOE methodology. Scientific Reports, 3, 1386.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Machacek, M., Hodgson, L., Welch, C., Elliott, H., Pertz, O., Nalbant, P., … Danuser, G. (2009). Coordination of Rho GTPase activities during cell protrusion. Nature, 461(7260), 99–103.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson, S. K., & Handelsman, M. M. (2009). Ethics for Psychotherapists and Counselors. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Nagel, W. E., Kröner, D. B., & Resch, M. M. (Eds.). (2009). High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering ’08: Transactions of the High Performance Computing Center, Stuttgart (HLRS) 2008. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Krupnik, I., Apangalook, L., & Apangalook, P. (2010). “It’s Cold, but Not Cold Enough”: Observing Ice and Climate Change in Gambell, Alaska, in IPY 2007–2008 and Beyond. In I. Krupnik, C. Aporta, S. Gearheard, G. J. Laidler, & L. Kielsen Holm (Eds.), SIKU: Knowing Our Ice: Documenting Inuit Sea Ice Knowledge and Use (pp. 81–114). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, November 7). How An Army Of “Super Recognizers” Could Help Spot Criminals And Missing Persons. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Business Systems Modernization: DOD Needs to Fully Define Policies and Procedures for Institutionally Managing Investments (No. GAO-07-538). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams, A. (2010). Kindergarten through third grade reading tutors in Northeast Mississippi (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2000, August 13). Snug as a Dog in a Baby Carrier Is the Latest Refrain for Pet Lovers. New York Times, p. 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kitching, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Gisin, 2009; Stringer, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Casillas & Kammen, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Nandal, Ravella, & Kuhad, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Rose et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Res. Mem. Cogn.
ISSN (print)2211-3681

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