How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knight, J. (2003). Tomorrow’s world. Nature, 426(6967), 709–711.
A journal article with 2 authors
Youle, R. J., & van der Bliek, A. M. (2012). Mitochondrial fission, fusion, and stress. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6098), 1062–1065.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sasaki, T., Yamamoto, Y., & Koashi, M. (2014). Practical quantum key distribution protocol without monitoring signal disturbance. Nature, 509(7501), 475–478.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Vastenhouw, N. L., Brunschwig, K., Okihara, K. L., Müller, F., Tijsterman, M., & Plasterk, R. H. A. (2006). Gene expression: long-term gene silencing by RNAi. Nature, 442(7105), 882.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boutillier, S., Carré, D., & Levratto, N. (2016). Entrepreneurial Ecosystems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Salvetti, M. V., Geurts, B., Meyers, J., & Sagaut, P. (Eds.). (2011). Quality and Reliability of Large-Eddy Simulations II (Vol. 16). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Baume, O., Wackernagel, H., Gauvreau, B., Junker, F., Bérengier, M., & Chilès, J.-P. (2008). Geostatistical Modeling of Environmental Sound Propagation. In A. Soares, M. J. Pereira, & R. Dimitrakopoulos (Eds.), geoENV VI – Geostatistics for Environmental Applications: Proceedings of the Sixth European Conference on Geostatistics for Environmental Applications (pp. 45–57). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, May 18). Astronomers Solve Mystery Of When Ancient Greek Poem Was Written. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Marine Transportation: Federal Financing and a Framework for Infrastructure Investments (GAO-02-1033). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shakya, R. M. (2014). Watershed-Scale Evaluation of Flood Reduction Effect of Low Impact Development Designs [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2002, December 8). History in the Bronx Includes Naismith and Ali. New York Times, 814.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knight, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Knight, 2003; Youle & van der Bliek, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Youle & van der Bliek, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Sasaki et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Vastenhouw et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Res. Mem. Cogn.
ISSN (print)2211-3681

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