How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rees, M. J. (2000). Piecing together the biggest puzzle of all. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5498), 1919–1925.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hilf, R. J. C., & Dutzler, R. (2009). Structure of a potentially open state of a proton-activated pentameric ligand-gated ion channel. Nature, 457(7225), 115–118.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sherwood, S. C., Lanzante, J. R., & Meyer, C. L. (2005). Radiosonde daytime biases and late-20th century warming. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5740), 1556–1559.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kim, S. J., Kim, H.-D., Kim, K. H., Shin, H. W., Han, I. K., & Kim, T. G. (2014). Fabrication of wide-bandgap transparent electrodes by using conductive filaments: performance breakthrough in vertical-type GaN LED. Scientific Reports, 4, 5827.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McLaughlin, T. A. (2010). Nonprofit Mergers and Alliances. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Majumder, P., Mitra, M., Bhattacharyya, P., Subramaniam, L. V., Contractor, D., & Rosso, P. (Eds.). (2013). Multilingual Information Access in South Asian Languages: Second International Workshop, FIRE 2010, Gandhinagar, India, February 19-21, 2010 and Third International Workshop, FIRE 2011, Bombay, India, December 2-4, 2011, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 7536). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sarcar, P., Basu, S., & Ghosh, A. (2015). Broadband Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antennas for K and EHF Bands. In K. Maharatna, G. K. Dalapati, P. K. Banerjee, A. K. Mallick, & M. Mukherjee (Eds.), Computational Advancement in Communication Circuits and Systems: Proceedings of ICCACCS 2014 (pp. 29–37). Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 3). Astronaut Safety Concerns Confound Longterm Space Exploration. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). International Space Station: Significant Challenges May Limit Onboard Research (GAO-10-9). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Trantham, L. C. (2012). PSA surveillance following radical prostatectomy: What we know and why it matters [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Conte, L. (2011, May 12). Scouting Report. New York Times, E7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rees, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hilf & Dutzler, 2009; Rees, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hilf & Dutzler, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Sherwood et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kim et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Res. Mem. Cogn.
ISSN (print)2211-3681

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