How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pagel, M. (2012). Evolution: Adapted to culture. Nature, 482(7385), 297–299.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anikeeva, P., & Koppes, R. A. (2015). BIOENGINEERING. Restoring the sense of touch. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6258), 274–275.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gollo, L. L., Kinouchi, O., & Copelli, M. (2013). Single-neuron criticality optimizes analog dendritic computation. Scientific Reports, 3, 3222.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kienast, M., Kienast, S. S., Calvert, S. E., Eglinton, T. I., Mollenhauer, G., François, R., & Mix, A. C. (2006). Eastern Pacific cooling and Atlantic overturning circulation during the last deglaciation. Nature, 443(7113), 846–849.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rao, K. R., Bojkovic, Z. S., & Milovanovic, D. A. (2005). Introduction to Multimedia Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Shaker, R., Belafsky, P. C., Postma, G. N., & Easterling, C. (Eds.). (2013). Principles of Deglutition: A Multidisciplinary Text for Swallowing and its Disorders. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hanawa, T. (2015). Biofunctionalization of Metallic Materials: Creation of Biosis–Abiosis Intelligent Interface. In K. Sasaki, O. Suzuki, & N. Takahashi (Eds.), Interface Oral Health Science 2014: Innovative Research on Biosis-Abiosis Intelligent Interface (pp. 53–64). Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, October 1). Surprising Ways That Caffeine Affects Your Body And Brain. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Disadvantaged Business Enterprise Program: Assessing Use of Proxy Data Would Enhance Ability to Know If States Are Meeting Their Goals (GAO-12-78). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lu, W.-Y. (2012). The performance practice of Buddhist baiqi in contemporary Taiwan [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. A. (2005, August 21). Keeping Your Computer and Its Contents Safe. New York Times, 56.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pagel, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Anikeeva & Koppes, 2015; Pagel, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anikeeva & Koppes, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Gollo et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kienast et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Res. Mem. Cogn.
ISSN (print)2211-3681

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