How to format your references using the Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koshland, D. E., Jr. (2007). Philosophy of science. The Cha-Cha-Cha Theory of Scientific Discovery. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5839), 761–762.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jakse, N., & Pasturel, A. (2013). Liquid Aluminum: atomic diffusion and viscosity from ab initio molecular dynamics. Scientific Reports, 3, 3135.
A journal article with 3 authors
Katz, R. F., Spiegelman, M., & Holtzman, B. (2006). The dynamics of melt and shear localization in partially molten aggregates. Nature, 442(7103), 676–679.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Johnson, J., Canning, J., Kaneko, T., Pru, J. K., & Tilly, J. L. (2004). Germline stem cells and follicular renewal in the postnatal mammalian ovary. Nature, 428(6979), 145–150.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tapiero, C. S. (2010). Risk Finance and Asset Pricing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hayat, M. A. (Ed.). (2011). Tumors of the Central Nervous System, Volume 1: Gliomas: Glioblastoma (Part 1) (Vol. 1). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Fendler, L. (2008). Educationalising Trends in Societies of Control: Assessments, Problem-Based Learning and Empowerment. In P. Smeyers & M. Depaepe (Eds.), Educational Research: the Educationalization of Social Problems (pp. 47–59). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2015, October 28). Thawing Ancient Permafrost Shown To Rapidly Become Carbon Dioxide. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Test and Evaluation: DOD Has Been Slow In Improving Testing of Software-Intensive Systems (No. NSIAD-93-198). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nolan, C. (2017). Safety Mindfulness: The Incorporation of Low-Dose Mindfulness as a Leading Edge Safety Intervention (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
SOPHIA OKUN TRACY; Sophia Okun Tracy lives in New Rochelle. (1987, July 12). TATTERED REMINDERS OF WORDS TO INSPIRE A CHILD. New York Times, p. 11WC28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koshland, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Jakse & Pasturel, 2013; Koshland, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jakse & Pasturel, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Katz, Spiegelman, & Holtzman, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Johnson, Canning, Kaneko, Pru, & Tilly, 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition
AbbreviationJ. Appl. Res. Mem. Cogn.
ISSN (print)2211-3681

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