How to format your references using the Neurochemical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurochemical Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hope TJ (2015) VIROLOGY. Visualizing trans-infection. Science 350:511–512
A journal article with 2 authors
Shlomai A, Rice CM (2014) Virology. Getting rid of a persistent troublemaker to cure hepatitis. Science 343:1212–1213
A journal article with 3 authors
Iguchi I, Yamaguchi T, Sugimoto A (2001) Diamagnetic activity above Tc as a precursor to superconductivity in La2-xSrxCuO4 thin films. Nature 412:420–423
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Escher P, Lacazette E, Courtet M, et al (2005) Synapses form in skeletal muscles lacking neuregulin receptors. Science 308:1920–1923

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fisher HG, Forrest HS, Grossel SS, et al (1993) Emergency Relief System Design Using DIERS Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bhattacharyya T, Dritschel MA (2015) Operator Algebras and Mathematical Physics: 24th International Workshop in Operator Theory and its Applications, Bangalore, December 2013. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Licato J, Bringsjord S, Govindarajulu NS (2015) How Models of Creativity and Analogy Need to Answer the Tailorability Concern. In: Besold TR, Schorlemmer M, Smaill A (eds) Computational Creativity Research: Towards Creative Machines. Atlantis Press, Paris, pp 93–107

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurochemical Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Oxytocin May Benefit Some Children With Autism, But It’s Not The Next Wonder Drug. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) Third Party Funding Agreements: No Longer Appropriate for Serving the Handicapped Through the Vocational Rehabilitation Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Karmacharya B (2015) Population Dynamics of Northern Cardinal and Carolina Wren in an Urban Forest Fragment: Safe Refuge or Ecological Trap? Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG (2010) Neil Young’s Greendale, Illustrated. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurochemical Research
AbbreviationNeurochem. Res.
ISSN (print)0364-3190
ISSN (online)1573-6903
General Medicine
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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