How to format your references using the Applicable Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applicable Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Gwynne P. Diagnostics: The new risk predictors. Nature. 2013;493:S7-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Gandhi SP, Stevens CF. Three modes of synaptic vesicular recycling revealed by single-vesicle imaging. Nature. 2003;423:607–613.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Hicks WM, Kim M, Haber JE. Increased mutagenesis and unique mutation signature associated with mitotic gene conversion. Science. 2010;329:82–85.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Li Q, Duan L, Estes JD, et al. Peak SIV replication in resting memory CD4+ T cells depletes gut lamina propria CD4+ T cells. Nature. 2005;434:1148–1152.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Scheringer M. Persistence and Spatial Range of Environmental Chemicals. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2002.
An edited book
[1]
Gong G, Gupta KC, editors. Progress in Cryptology - INDOCRYPT 2010: 11th International Conference on Cryptology in India, Hyderabad, India, December 12-15, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Nobakht B, Bonsangue MM, de Boer FS, et al. Monitoring Method Call Sequences Using Annotations. In: Barbosa LS, Lumpe M, editors. Formal Aspects of Component Software: 7th International Workshop, FACS 2010, Guimarães, Portugal, October 14-16, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 53–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applicable Analysis.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Five myths about the chemicals you breathe, eat and drink [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/five-myths-about-chemicals-you-breathe-eat-and-drink/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: DOD Needs to Strengthen Management of Its Statutorily Mandated Software and System Process Improvement Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009. Report No.: GAO-09-888. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Do YK. Effects of informal care on caregivers’ labor market outcomes and health in South Korea [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Williams J. Mandela’s Prison Letters Are to Be Published. New York Times. 2017 Jun 27;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplicable Analysis
AbbreviationAppl. Anal.
ISSN (print)0003-6811
ISSN (online)1563-504X
ScopeAnalysis
Applied Mathematics

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