How to format your references using the Applicable Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applicable Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Socha JJ. Applied Physics. Of snakes and robots. Science. 2014;346:160–161.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sarda P, Guillot B. Breaking of Henry’s law for noble gas and CO2 solubility in silicate melt under pressure. Nature. 2005;436:95–98.
A journal article with 3 authors
Feurer T, Vaughan JC, Nelson KA. Spatiotemporal coherent control of lattice vibrational waves. Science. 2003;299:374–377.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vendruscolo M, Paci E, Dobson CM, et al. Three key residues form a critical contact network in a protein folding transition state. Nature. 2001;409:641–645.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ng R. Drugs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Shirato K, editor. Venous Thromboembolism: Prevention and Treatment. Tokyo: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Martini LC. Introducing the Dimensional Continuous Space–Time Theory. In: Gaol FL, Shrivastava K, Akhtar J, editors. Recent Trends in Physics of Material Science and Technology. Singapore: Springer; 2015. p. 49–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applicable Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew E. Scientists Finally Discover Insulin-Suppressing Hormone [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle: DOD Is Assessing Data on Worldwide Launch Market to Inform New Acquisition Strategy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016. Report No.: GAO-16-661R. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rutherford J. What is old is new again: The role of discontinuity in nostalgia-related consumption [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M. Listen In, With the Bird Man of Classical. New York Times. 2017 May 12;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplicable Analysis
AbbreviationAppl. Anal.
ISSN (print)0003-6811
ISSN (online)1563-504X
Applied Mathematics

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