How to format your references using the IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Cocroft, “An ecologist marvels at animals that learn to eavesdrop,” Nature, vol. 460, no. 7254, p. 439, Jul. 2009.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Roorda and L. J. Lewis, “Comment on ‘The local structure of amorphous silicon,’” Science, vol. 338, no. 6114, pp. 1539; author reply 1539, Dec. 2012.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. B. Lindenmayer, W. F. Laurance, and J. F. Franklin, “Ecology. Global decline in large old trees,” Science, vol. 338, no. 6112, pp. 1305–1306, Dec. 2012.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. A. Opitz et al., “An endogenous tumour-promoting ligand of the human aryl hydrocarbon receptor,” Nature, vol. 478, no. 7368, pp. 197–203, Oct. 2011.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Rombach, Spannbetonbau. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, 2010.
An edited book
W. Zamojski, J. Kacprzyk, J. Mazurkiewicz, J. Sugier, and T. Walkowiak, Eds., Dependable Computer Systems, vol. 97. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Aier and J. Schelp, “A Reassessment of Enterprise Architecture Implementation,” in Service-Oriented Computing. ICSOC/ServiceWave 2009 Workshops: International Workshops, ICSOC/ServiceWave 2009, Stockholm, Sweden, November 23-27, 2009, Revised Selected Papers, A. Dan, F. Gittler, and F. Toumani, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010, pp. 35–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Corals Beat Heat By Swapping Algal Partners,” IFLScience, 08-Jun-2015. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Whistleblower Protection Program: Opportunities Exist for OSHA and DOT to Strengthen Collaborative Mechanisms,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-14-286, Mar. 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. O. Kidder, “Self-administered HPV Testing as a Cervical Cancer Screening Option: Exploring the Perspectives of Hispanic and Arab Women in the United States,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Shpigel, “Jets Tell Revis They Plan to Release Him,” New York Times, p. B10, 01-Mar-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters
AbbreviationIEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett.
ISSN (print)1536-1225
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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