How to format your references using the IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Edelaar, “Comment on ‘Evolutionary trade-offs, Pareto optimality, and the geometry of phenotype space,’” Science, vol. 339, no. 6121, p. 757, Feb. 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. S. A. Karim and Q. A. Karim, “AIDS research must link to local policy,” Nature, vol. 463, no. 7282, pp. 733–734, Feb. 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Fabiańska, G. Kassier, and T. Feurer, “Split ring resonator based THz-driven electron streak camera featuring femtosecond resolution,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5645, Jul. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Tang, C. Qiu, M. Ke, J. Lu, Y. Ye, and Z. Liu, “Anomalous refraction of airborne sound through ultrathin metasurfaces,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6517, Oct. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. “MAX” Maxfield and A. Brown, The Definitive Guide to How Computers Do Math. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
A. Ambrosetti, Perturbation Methods and Semilinear Elliptic Problems on Rn, vol. 240. Basel: Birkhäuser, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
W. Rivkin and K.-H. Schmidt, “Beneficial Effects of Servant Leadership on Short- and Long-Term Indicators of Employees’ Psychological Health,” in Advances in Ergonomic Design of Systems, Products and Processes: Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of GfA 2015, B. Deml, P. Stock, R. Bruder, and C. M. Schlick, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2016, pp. 71–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, “A Secret Air Force Shuttle Might Be Landing In Florida Soon,” IFLScience, Feb. 21, 2017. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Cost-Benefit Analysis Used in Support of the Space Shuttle Program,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-173677, Jun. 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. E. Wells, “Managers’ affective expressions as determinants of employee responses to change: Valence, inappropriateness and authenticity,” Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York, NY, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, “Parallel Coaching Paths, Decades Apart,” New York Times, p. SP2, Jan. 23, 2011.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters
AbbreviationIEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett.
ISSN (print)1536-1225
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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