How to format your references using the IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Wald, “Neuroscience: The aesthetic brain,” Nature, vol. 526, no. 7572, pp. S2-3, Oct. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
B.-L. Huang and S. Mackem, “Evolutionary developmental biology: Use it or lose it,” Nature, vol. 511, no. 7507, pp. 34–35, Jul. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. C. Fan, G. K. Fu, and S. P. A. Fodor, “Expression profiling. Combinatorial labeling of single cells for gene expression cytometry,” Science, vol. 347, no. 6222, p. 1258367, Feb. 2015.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Lei, E. R. Podell, P. Baumann, and T. R. Cech, “DNA self-recognition in the structure of Pot1 bound to telomeric single-stranded DNA,” Nature, vol. 426, no. 6963, pp. 198–203, Nov. 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Lev and F. Gu, The End of Accounting and the Path Forward for Investors and Managers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
S. Yamada, OSS Reliability Measurement and Assessment, 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Palesi, R. Holsmark, S. Kumar, and V. Catania, “Application-Specific Routing Algorithms for Low Power Network on Chip Design,” in Low Power Networks-on-Chip, C. Silvano, M. Lajolo, and G. Palermo, Eds. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2011, pp. 113–150.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Trees Make Ants Chemically Dependent, Turn Them Into Indentured Servants,” IFLScience, Nov. 12, 2013. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Telephone Communications: Issues Affecting Rural Telephone Service,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-87-74, Mar. 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Ebrahimi, “A recreational and vocational program for foster youth who reside in group homes: A grant proposal,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
A. L. Baker, “Murder Charge for Officer In Bronx Woman’s Death,” New York Times, p. A18, May 31, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters
AbbreviationIEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett.
ISSN (print)1536-1225
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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