How to format your references using the IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
W. Weston, “Access to scientific literature,” Nature, vol. 420, no. 6911, p. 19, Nov. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. B. McGraw and M. A. Furedi, “Deer browsing and population viability of a forest understory plant,” Science, vol. 307, no. 5711, pp. 920–922, Feb. 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
H.-R. Klöckner, W. A. Baan, and M. A. Garrett, “Investigation of the obscuring circumnuclear torus in the active galaxy Mrk231,” Nature, vol. 421, no. 6925, pp. 821–823, Feb. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Z. Gao, K. Togano, A. Matsumoto, and H. Kumakura, “Achievement of practical level critical current densities in Ba₁-xKxFe₂As₂/Ag tapes by conventional cold mechanical deformation,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 4065, Feb. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Kontush and M. J. Chapman, High-Density Lipoproteins. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
M. Kurosu, Ed., Human Centered Design: Second International Conference, HCD 2011, Held as Part of HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011. Proceedings, vol. 6776. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
T. M. Fromhold et al., “Using Stochastic Webs to Control the Quantum Transport of Electrons in Semiconductor Superlattices,” in Hamiltonian Chaos Beyond the KAM Theory: Dedicated to George M. Zaslavsky (1935–2008), A. C. J. Luo and V. Afraimovich, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011, pp. 225–254.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters.

Blog post
J. Davis, “Scientists Create Amazing 3D Cast Of Renowned Philosopher’s Brain,” IFLScience, May 08, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Concurrent Development and Production of MK-12A Reentry Vehicle,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, PSAD-79-2, Oct. 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Y. Cao, “Morphological and Functional Characterization of the Neurotransmitter GABA in Adult Rat Taste Buds,” Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Crow, “For New Trump Neighbors, Proximity Breeds Discontent,” New York Times, p. 146, Jun. 03, 2001.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters
AbbreviationIEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett.
ISSN (print)1536-1225
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles