How to format your references using the Journal of Breath Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Breath Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weston W 2002 Access to scientific literature Nature 420 19
A journal article with 2 authors
Züllig S and Hengartner M O 2004 Cell biology. Tickling macrophages, a serious business Science 304 1123–4
A journal article with 3 authors
Behn M D, Hirth G and Kelemen P B 2007 Trench-parallel anisotropy produced by foundering of arc lower crust Science 317 108–11
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Nishinaga O, Kikuchi T, Natsui S and Suzuki R O 2013 Rapid fabrication of self-ordered porous alumina with 10-/sub-10-nm-scale nanostructures by selenic acid anodizing Sci. Rep. 3 2748

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Furger C 2016 Live Cell Assays (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Lee S-G, Peng Z, Zhou X, Moon Y-S, Unland R and Yoo J 2012 Database Systems for Advanced Applications: 17th International Conference, DASFAA 2012, Busan, South Korea, April 15-19, 2012, Proceedings, Part II vol 7239 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Buthelezi T 2016 IsiZulu Language and the Ilanga Newspaper as Catalysts for Participatory Democracy in South Africa Indigenous Language Media, Language Politics and Democracy in Africa ed A Salawu and M B Chibita (London: Palgrave Macmillan UK) pp 59–86

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Breath Research.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 What will Climate be Like in 2100? Expect Surprises, Says New Met Office Study IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1981 A Bibliography of Documents Issued by the GAO on Matters Related to: ADP (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pettengill J B 2010 Elucidating the macro- and micro-evolutionary relationships of the federally listed endangered species Agalinis acuta (Orobanchaceae) Doctoral dissertation (College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M 2012 For Equestrian Event, Course Bursts From an Imagination New York Times D8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Breath Research
AbbreviationJ. Breath Res.
ISSN (print)1752-7155
ISSN (online)1752-7163
ScopePulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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