How to format your references using the Journal of Breath Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Breath Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Howat I 2010 Journal club. A glaciologist ponders iceberg calving from a safe distance Nature 466 799
A journal article with 2 authors
Sussman M R and Phillips G N Jr 2009 Plant science. How plant cells go to sleep for a long, long time Science 326 1356–7
A journal article with 3 authors
Ahn Y-Y, Bagrow J P and Lehmann S 2010 Link communities reveal multiscale complexity in networks Nature 466 761–4
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Nong Y, Huang Y-Q, Ju W, Kalia L V, Ahmadian G, Wang Y T and Salter M W 2003 Glycine binding primes NMDA receptor internalization Nature 422 302–7

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Haginomori E, Koshiduka T, Arai J and Ikeda H 2016 Power System Transient Analysis (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
Castano V 2015 Resilient computer system design ed I Schagaev (Cham: Springer International Publishing)
A chapter in an edited book
Nigro Neto C, Slullitel A and Augoustides J G T 2014 Can Neuraxial Anesthesia Reduce Perioperative Mortality? Reducing Mortality in the Perioperative Period ed G Landoni, L Ruggeri and A Zangrillo (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 31–5

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Breath Research.

Blog post
Andrews R 2016 Earthquake Detectors Pick Up Epic “Weather Bomb” On Other Side Of The World IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2000 Chief Information Officers: Implementing Effective CIO Organizations (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stroot P G 2004 Novel Reverse Transcription Method Confirms Growth Inhibition of Bacteria Exposed to Domestic Wastewater Doctoral dissertation (Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly S R 2012 Oil Under Our Noses New York Times A23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Breath Research
AbbreviationJ. Breath Res.
ISSN (print)1752-7155
ISSN (online)1752-7163
ScopePulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Other styles