How to format your references using the Appetite citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Appetite. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Midgley, P. A. (2011). Materials science. Electronic bonding revealed by electron diffraction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6024), 1528–1529.
A journal article with 2 authors
Freeman, B. C., & Yamamoto, K. R. (2002). Disassembly of transcriptional regulatory complexes by molecular chaperones. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5576), 2232–2235.
A journal article with 3 authors
Papp, B., Pál, C., & Hurst, L. D. (2003). Dosage sensitivity and the evolution of gene families in yeast. Nature, 424(6945), 194–197.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mercado, L. M., Bellouin, N., Sitch, S., Boucher, O., Huntingford, C., Wild, M., & Cox, P. M. (2009). Impact of changes in diffuse radiation on the global land carbon sink. Nature, 458(7241), 1014–1017.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heimann, R. B., & Lehmann, H. D. (2015). Bioceramic Coatings for Medical Implants. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Asay, B. W. (Ed.). (2010). Shock Wave Science and Technology Reference Library, Vol. 5: Non-Shock Initiation of Explosives (Vol. 5). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Stuht, T., Speck, A., Feja, S., Witt, S., & Pulvermüller, E. (2012). Rule Determination and Process Verification Using Business Capabilities. In K. Sandkuhl, U. Seigerroth, & J. Stirna (Eds.), The Practice of Enterprise Modeling: 5th IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference, PoEM 2012, Rostock, Germany, November 7-8, 2012. Proceedings (pp. 46–60). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Appetite.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, November 9). Scientists Retract Paper That Said Being Sad Makes It Harder To See Colors. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Propriety of Additional Reimbursement for Shipment of Household Effects (B-178505). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Walker, N. A. (2010). Mothers’ description of raising two children with an autism spectrum disorder: A case study [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G. (2016, February 22). Scientists Ponder Contagious Cancer. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Midgley, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Freeman & Yamamoto, 2002; Midgley, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Freeman & Yamamoto, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Papp et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mercado et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAppetite
ISSN (print)0195-6663
ScopeNutrition and Dietetics
General Psychology

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