How to format your references using the Appetite citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Appetite. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
ter Meulen, V. (2014). Time to settle the synthetic controversy. Nature, 509(7499), 135.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, X., & Xu, J. (2014). Dietary and circulating lycopene and stroke risk: a meta-analysis of prospective studies. Scientific Reports, 4, 5031.
A journal article with 3 authors
Plaks, V., Koopman, C. D., & Werb, Z. (2013). Cancer. Circulating tumor cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6151), 1186–1188.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pan, Z., Liu, Z., Cheng, H., Wang, Y., Gao, T., Ullah, S., Ren, J., & Xue, Y. (2014). Systematic analysis of the in situ crosstalk of tyrosine modifications reveals no additional natural selection on multiply modified residues. Scientific Reports, 4, 7331.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shynk, J. J. (2016). Mathematical Foundations for Linear Circuits and Systems in Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Latash, M. L., & Lestienne, F. (Eds.). (2006). Motor Control and Learning. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Huber, W., & Hahne, F. (2005). Cell-Based Assays. In R. Gentleman, V. J. Carey, W. Huber, R. A. Irizarry, & S. Dudoit (Eds.), Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Solutions Using R and Bioconductor (pp. 71–90). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Appetite.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2016, September 28). Crustaceans Are Having More Sex Because Of Climate Change. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Naval Ship Donation: Selection Decision for U.S.S. New Jersey Was Objective, but Selection Process Can Be Strengthened (GAO-01-31). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krutsinger, R. (2014). Evaluation of Grassland Restoration Success in Illinois Using Indicators of Ecosystem Function [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ivory, D., & Ruiz, R. R. (2014, July 19). G.M. Resists Expanding Victims’ Fund. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (ter Meulen, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Li & Xu, 2014; ter Meulen, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li & Xu, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Plaks et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pan et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAppetite
ISSN (print)0195-6663
ScopeNutrition and Dietetics
General Psychology

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