How to format your references using the Appetite citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Appetite. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Friedman, J. M. (2003). A war on obesity, not the obese. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5608), 856–858.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kamiyama, D., & Chiba, A. (2009). Endogenous activation patterns of Cdc42 GTPase within Drosophila embryos. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5932), 1338–1340.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bunge, J., Epstein, S. S., & Peterson, D. G. (2006). Comment on “Computational improvements reveal great bacterial diversity and high metal toxicity in soil.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5789), 918; author reply 918.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kravchenko, V. V., Kaufmann, G. F., Mathison, J. C., Scott, D. A., Katz, A. Z., Grauer, D. C., … Ulevitch, R. J. (2008). Modulation of gene expression via disruption of NF-kappaB signaling by a bacterial small molecule. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5886), 259–263.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perez, A. (2013). Voice Over LTE. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wagner, W. (Ed.). (2015). AiKiDô: The Trinity of Conflict Transformation. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Freiberg, A., & Trinkunas, G. (2009). Unraveling the Hidden Nature of Antenna Excitations. In A. Laisk, L. Nedbal, & Govindjee (Eds.), Photosynthesis in silico: Understanding Complexity from Molecules to Ecosystems (pp. 55–82). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Appetite.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, July 11). First-Ever Philistine Cemetery Unearthed In Israel. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Federal Rulemaking: Agencies’ Use of Information Technology to Facilitate Public Participation (No. GGD-00-135R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gokhin, D. S. (2009). Structural and functional roles of nebulin in skeletal muscle (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2017, March 20). Scare Easily? You’re in the Wrong Place. New York Times, p. C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Friedman, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Friedman, 2003; Kamiyama & Chiba, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kamiyama & Chiba, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Bunge, Epstein, & Peterson, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kravchenko et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAppetite
ISSN (print)0195-6663
ScopeNutrition and Dietetics
General Psychology

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