How to format your references using the Appetite citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Appetite. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schölkopf, B. (2015). Artificial intelligence: Learning to see and act. Nature, 518(7540), 486–487.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reverter, D., & Lima, C. D. (2005). Insights into E3 ligase activity revealed by a SUMO-RanGAP1-Ubc9-Nup358 complex. Nature, 435(7042), 687–692.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, J., Park, J., & Choi, C. (2014). Identification of phenotype deterministic genes using systemic analysis of transcriptional response. Scientific Reports, 4, 4413.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zheng, Y., Ren, H., Wan, W., & Chen, X. (2013). Time-reversed wave mixing in nonlinear optics. Scientific Reports, 3, 3245.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Savaux, V., & Louët, Y. (2014). MMSE-Based Algorithm for Joint Signal Detection, Channel and Noise Variance Estimation for OFDM Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Huang, C.-M., & Zheng, C.-H. (Eds.). (2015). Laparoscopic Gastrectomy for Gastric Cancer: Surgical Technique and Lymphadenectomy. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Trautschold, M., & Mazo, G. (2010). Windows PC Setup. In G. Mazo, S. Anglin, J. Markham, C. Andres, M. Beckner, E. Buckingham, G. Cornell, J. Gennick, J. Hassell, M. Lowman, M. Moodie, D. Parkes, J. Pepper, F. Pohlmann, D. Pundick, B. Renow-Clarke, D. Shakeshaft, M. Wade, T. Welsh, … K. Stence (Eds.), BlackBerry Curve Made Simple: For the BlackBerry Curve 8520, 8530 and 8500 Series (pp. 67–104). Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Appetite.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 30). Now That’s A Close Shave: Secrets Of The Halloween Asteroid Headed For Earth. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Information System Security in Federal Civilian Agencies (T-IMTEC-87-7). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Park, K.-S. (2006). Transcriptional Regulation In The Respiratory Epithelium During Development And Repair [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Forsythe, M. (2017, August 10). A Missing Tycoon’s Links to Dalian Wanda, China’s Troubled Conglomerate. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schölkopf, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Reverter & Lima, 2005; Schölkopf, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reverter & Lima, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Lee et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zheng et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAppetite
ISSN (print)0195-6663
ScopeNutrition and Dietetics
General Psychology

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