How to format your references using the Appetite citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Appetite. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldberg, A. L. (2003). Protein degradation and protection against misfolded or damaged proteins. Nature, 426(6968), 895–899.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin, O. Y., & Hosken, D. J. (2003). The evolution of reproductive isolation through sexual conflict. Nature, 423(6943), 979–982.
A journal article with 3 authors
Colley, D. G., LoVerde, P. T., & Savioli, L. (2001). Infectious disease. Medical helminthology in the 21st century. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5534), 1437–1438.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Choi, J., Jeong, H.-K., Snyder, M. A., Stoeger, J. A., Masel, R. I., & Tsapatsis, M. (2009). Grain boundary defect elimination in a zeolite membrane by rapid thermal processing. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5940), 590–593.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, K. Q. T. (2015). Wireless Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Shibata, Y., & Suzuki, Y. (Eds.). (2016). Mathematical Fluid Dynamics, Present and Future: Tokyo, Japan, November 2014 (Vol. 183). Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Bauer, B. (2012). Catawba Indians’ Adaptive Response to Colonialism. In R. J. Chacon & R. G. Mendoza (Eds.), The Ethics of Anthropology and Amerindian Research: Reporting on Environmental Degradation and Warfare (pp. 73–77). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Appetite.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, March 21). IBM Watson set to battle brain cancers. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Information Technology: Early Releases of Customs Trade System Operating, but Pattern of Cost and Schedule Problems Needs to Be Addressed (GAO-04-719). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vento, K. A. (2017). The Effects of Progressive Muscle Relaxation on the Subjective Well-Being of Collegiate Athletes [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Austen, I., & Chapman, M. M. (2015, March 24). A Slow Thaw for the Great Lakes. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldberg, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Goldberg, 2003; Martin & Hosken, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martin & Hosken, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Colley et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Choi et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAppetite
ISSN (print)0195-6663
ScopeNutrition and Dietetics
General Psychology

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