How to format your references using the Journal of Seismology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Seismology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stockwell BR (2004) Exploring biology with small organic molecules. Nature 432:846–854
A journal article with 2 authors
Braine J, Herpin F (2004) Molecular hydrogen beyond the optical edge of an isolated spiral galaxy. Nature 432:369–371
A journal article with 3 authors
Dixon E, Shapiro A, Lu Z-L (2014) Scale-invariance in brightness illusions implicates object-level visual processing. Sci Rep 4:3900
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zoltowski BD, Schwerdtfeger C, Widom J, et al (2007) Conformational switching in the fungal light sensor Vivid. Science 316:1054–1057

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hitz CB, Ewing J, Hecht J (2012) Introduction to Laser Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bahadori MN (2014) Wind Towers: Architecture, Climate and Sustainability. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Dehni L, Krief F, Bennani Y (2006) Power Control and Clustering in Wireless Sensor Networks. In: Agha KA, Guérin Lassous I, Pujolle G (eds) Challenges in Ad Hoc Networking: Fourth Annual Mediterranean Ad Hoc Networking Workshop, June 21–24, 2005, Île de Porquerolles, France. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 31–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Seismology.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) What Can A 1.7-Million-Year-Old Hominid Fossil Teach Us About Cancer? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Telecommunications: Process by Which Mergers of Local Telephone Companies Are Reviewed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alajmi H (2012) Pre-Islamic Poetry and Speech Act Theory: Al-A`shá, Bishr ibn Abī Khāzim, and al-Hujayjah. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2011) Five Years Later, A Different Outcome. New York Times B14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stockwell 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Braine and Herpin 2004; Stockwell 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Braine and Herpin 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Zoltowski et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Seismology
AbbreviationJ. Seismol.
ISSN (print)1383-4649
ISSN (online)1573-157X
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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