How to format your references using the Journal of Seismology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Seismology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Noonan D (2014) Language: Lost in translation. Nature 508:S4-5
A journal article with 2 authors
Choi W, Peifer M (2011) Cell biology. Arranging a cellular checkerboard. Science 333:1099–1100
A journal article with 3 authors
Molnar P, Houseman GA, England PC (2006) Earth science: palaeo-altimetry of Tibet. Nature 444:E4; discussion E4-5
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cheng J-L, Chen G, Liu C-T, Li Y (2013) Innovative approach to the design of low-cost Zr-based BMG composites with good glass formation. Sci Rep 3:2097

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Keiser G (2006) FTTX Concepts and Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Gartner G, Cartwright W, Peterson MP (eds) (2007) Location Based Services and TeleCartography. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Kumar H, Rahman A (2016) Adding a GUI. In: Rahman A (ed) Rapid Game Development Using Cocos2d-JS: An end-to-end guide to 2D game development using JavaScript. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp 49–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Seismology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Australia Set To Keep Unvaccinated Kids Away From School. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) Student Loan Insurance Fund. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dues PM (2010) Quantitative correlation of enterprise resource planning type, success, and technology leadership style in local government. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2003) World Briefing | Europe: Moldova: Putin Cancels Visit. New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Noonan 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Choi and Peifer 2011; Noonan 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Choi and Peifer 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Cheng et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Seismology
AbbreviationJ. Seismol.
ISSN (print)1383-4649
ISSN (online)1573-157X
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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