How to format your references using the Journal of Seismology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Seismology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watts S (2014) Society needs more than wonder to respect science. Nature 508:151
A journal article with 2 authors
Atencia J, Beebe DJ (2005) Controlled microfluidic interfaces. Nature 437:648–655
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee H, Chah O-K, Sheen J (2011) Stem-cell-triggered immunity through CLV3p-FLS2 signalling. Nature 473:376–379
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lee MS, Kwon YT, Li M, et al (2000) Neurotoxicity induces cleavage of p35 to p25 by calpain. Nature 405:360–364

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson D (2007) TKO Hiring! John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Dilek Y, Furnes H, Muehlenbachs K (eds) (2008) Links Between Geological Processes, Microbial Activities&Evolution of Life: Microbes and Geology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Cotofrei P, Stoffel K (2009) Time Granularity in Temporal Data Mining. In: Abraham A, Hassanien A-E, Leon F. de Carvalho AP de, Snášel V (eds) Foundations of Computational, IntelligenceVolume 6: Data Mining. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 67–96

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Seismology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) The Secret to Ovulation is in Women’s Faces (But Men Can’t See it). In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) FAA Budget: Important Challenges Affecting Aviation Safety, Capacity, and Efficiency. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tomko PR (2012) Understanding the factors affecting the influence of children on their parents’ total purchases. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Card J (2017) Breathtaking Beauty. New York Times TR7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Watts 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Atencia and Beebe 2005; Watts 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Atencia and Beebe 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Seismology
AbbreviationJ. Seismol.
ISSN (print)1383-4649
ISSN (online)1573-157X
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

Other styles