How to format your references using the Journal of Seismology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Seismology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dustin ML (2006) Immunology. When F-actin becomes too much of a good thing. Science 313:767–768
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen G, Goeddel DV (2002) TNF-R1 signaling: a beautiful pathway. Science 296:1634–1635
A journal article with 3 authors
Ohde T, Yaginuma T, Niimi T (2013) Insect morphological diversification through the modification of wing serial homologs. Science 340:495–498
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Birnbaum KM, Boca A, Miller R, et al (2005) Photon blockade in an optical cavity with one trapped atom. Nature 436:87–90

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heads G (2017) Living Mindfully. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Leon F. de Carvalho AP de, Rodríguez-González S, Paz Santana JFD, Rodríguez JMC (eds) (2010) Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence: 7th International Symposium. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Ignatov DI, Nenova E, Konstantinova N, Konstantinov AV (2014) Boolean Matrix Factorisation for Collaborative Filtering: An FCA-Based Approach. In: Agre G, Hitzler P, Krisnadhi AA, Kuznetsov SO (eds) Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, and Applications: 16th International Conference, AIMSA 2014, Varna, Bulgaria, September 11-13, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 47–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Seismology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Bringing Maths Into Bedtime Stories Can Help Children Learn – And Make The Subject Less Scary For Parents Too. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Earth Observing System: Concentration on Near-Term EOSDIS Development May Jeopardize Long-Term Success. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Packard JA (2008) Analyzing the intersection of leadership practices, emotional intelligence, and coping responses in women -owned small businesses. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2016) Drake Is Back on Top, and Has a New Video, Too. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dustin 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Chen and Goeddel 2002; Dustin 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Goeddel 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Birnbaum et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Seismology
AbbreviationJ. Seismol.
ISSN (print)1383-4649
ISSN (online)1573-157X
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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