How to format your references using the Journal of Seismology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Seismology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hughson FM (2013) Neuroscience. Chaperones that SNARE neurotransmitter release. Science 339:406–407
A journal article with 2 authors
Campbell CS, Desai A (2013) Tension sensing by Aurora B kinase is independent of survivin-based centromere localization. Nature 497:118–121
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang W, Kawamata H, Liu K (2009) CH stretching excitation in the early barrier F + CHD3 reaction inhibits CH bond cleavage. Science 325:303–306
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Drinnenberg IA, Weinberg DE, Xie KT, et al (2009) RNAi in budding yeast. Science 326:544–550

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Law H (2013) The Psychology of Coaching, Mentoring and Learning. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford
An edited book
Homburg C (2012) Sales Excellence: Systematic Sales Management. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Bhattacharyya A (2016) Colonial Madness: Community and Lunacy in Nineteenth-Century India. In: Winterbottom A, Tesfaye F (eds) Histories of Medicine and Healing in the Indian Ocean World: The Modern Period. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp 89–113

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Seismology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Amazing X-ray GIFs Show Joints In Motion. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Human Capital: Attracting and Retaining a High-Quality Information Technology Workforce. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’Neil DM (2013) Climate frequencies of the early Holocene from Foy Lake, Montana. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD (2017) Questions and Answers About the Ruling. New York Times A12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hughson 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Hughson 2013; Campbell and Desai 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Campbell and Desai 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Drinnenberg et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Seismology
AbbreviationJ. Seismol.
ISSN (print)1383-4649
ISSN (online)1573-157X
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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