How to format your references using the Apollo Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Apollo Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lazer D. Social sciences. The rise of the social algorithm. Science. 2015;348(6239):1090-1091.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Reichhardt CJO, Lopatina LM. Materials science. A ball-and-chain polymer model. Science. 2009;326(5951):374-375.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ruder WC, Lu T, Collins JJ. Synthetic biology moving into the clinic. Science. 2011;333(6047):1248-1252.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Mahata B, Mukherjee S, Mishra S, Bandyopadhyay A, Adhya S. Functional delivery of a cytosolic tRNA into mutant mitochondria of human cells. Science. 2006;314(5798):471-474.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Grinyer A. Palliative and End of Life Care for Children and Young People. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
von Mouche P, Quartieri F, eds. Equilibrium Theory for Cournot Oligopolies and Related Games: Essays in Honour of Koji Okuguchi. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Chan G, Neel BG. Role of PTPN11 (SHP2) in Cancer. In: Neel BG, Tonks NK, eds. Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases in Cancer. Springer; 2016:115-143.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Apollo Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. Christmas Stuffing: Here’s What Happens To Your Body When You Overeat. IFLScience. Published December 20, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/christmas-stuffing-heres-what-happens-to-your-body-when-you-overeat/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. General Aviation: Security Assessments at Selected Airports. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Wright EA. Assessing Leadership Behaviors and Demographic Characteristics of Project Managers Associated Through LinkedIn. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Shpigel B. Young Star Gives U.S. a Needed Win. New York Times. June 9, 2017:B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleApollo Medicine
ISSN (print)0976-0016
Scope

Other styles