How to format your references using the Apollo Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Apollo Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Duster T. Medicine. Race and reification in science. Science. 2005;307(5712):1050-1051.
A journal article with 2 authors
Seeberger PH, Werz DB. Synthesis and medical applications of oligosaccharides. Nature. 2007;446(7139):1046-1051.
A journal article with 3 authors
Henikoff S, Ahmad K, Malik HS. The centromere paradox: stable inheritance with rapidly evolving DNA. Science. 2001;293(5532):1098-1102.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gmachl C, Sivco DL, Colombelli R, Capasso F, Cho AY. Ultra-broadband semiconductor laser. Nature. 2002;415(6874):883-887.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duffy DJ. Introduction to C++ for Financial Engineers. John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Last M, Szczepaniak PS, Volkovich Z, Kandel A, eds. Advances in Web Intelligence and Data Mining. Vol 23. Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Akesson B, Goossens K. Predictable SDRAM Back-End. In: Goossens K, ed. Memory Controllers for Real-Time Embedded Systems: Predictable and Composable Real-Time Systems. Embedded Systems. Springer; 2012:63-103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Apollo Medicine.

Blog post
Fang J. Researchers Discover A New State Of Matter. IFLScience. Published May 13, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Embedded Computer Systems: Software Development Problems Delay the Army’s Fire Direction Data Manager. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Werbeck KU. From Rubble to Revolutions and Raves: Literary Interrogations of German Media Ecologies. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. A Love Letter to Putin (But It’s Not Addressed to Him). New York Times. February 6, 2008:A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleApollo Medicine
ISSN (print)0976-0016

Other styles