How to format your references using the Antonie van Leeuwenhoek citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bürgmann R (2015) GEOPHYSICS. Weak subduction makes great quakes. Science 349:1162–1163
A journal article with 2 authors
Reverter D, Lima CD (2005) Insights into E3 ligase activity revealed by a SUMO-RanGAP1-Ubc9-Nup358 complex. Nature 435:687–692
A journal article with 3 authors
Turner GC, Du F, Varshavsky A (2000) Peptides accelerate their uptake by activating a ubiquitin-dependent proteolytic pathway. Nature 405:579–583
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Meier F, Zhou L, Wiebe J, Wiesendanger R (2008) Revealing magnetic interactions from single-atom magnetization curves. Science 320:82–86

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Durenard EA (2013) Professional Automated Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bernardo M, De Nicola R, Hillston J (eds) (2016) Formal Methods for the Quantitative Evaluation of Collective Adaptive Systems: 16th International School on Formal Methods for the Design of Computer, Communication, and Software Systems, SFM 2016, Bertinoro, Italy, June 20-24, 2016, Advanced Lectures. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Chauvicourt F, Orlando S, Desmet W, et al (2016) Experimental Study on the Impact of the Number of Laminas on the Dynamics Behavior of an Electric Machine Stator. In: Mains M (ed) Topics in Modal Analysis & Testing, Volume 10: Proceedings of the 34th IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 73–79

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antonie van Leeuwenhoek.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Spectacular Photograph Shows Earliest Stars That Formed In Our Universe. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/first-generation-stars-universe/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) FAA Staffing: Air Traffic Controllers’ Work Load and Operational Performance. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nagarajan S (2009) Migration, remittances, and household health: Evidence from South Africa. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2011) Living With the Sweet Smell of Sap. New York Times C25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bürgmann 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Reverter and Lima 2005; Bürgmann 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reverter and Lima 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Meier et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAntonie van Leeuwenhoek
AbbreviationAntonie Van Leeuwenhoek
ISSN (print)0003-6072
ISSN (online)1572-9699
ScopeMolecular Biology
Microbiology
General Medicine

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