How to format your references using the Antonie van Leeuwenhoek citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
El-Awady N (2009) Science journalism: The Arab boom. Nature 459:1057
A journal article with 2 authors
Atkins JF, Gesteland R (2002) Biochemistry. The 22nd amino acid. Science 296:1409–1410
A journal article with 3 authors
Stuphorn V, Taylor TL, Schall JD (2000) Performance monitoring by the supplementary eye field. Nature 408:857–860
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Amaral PP, Dinger ME, Mercer TR, Mattick JS (2008) The eukaryotic genome as an RNA machine. Science 319:1787–1789

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown M, Cutler TJ (2012) Haematology Nursing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK
An edited book
Smith IWM, Cockell CS, Leach S (eds) (2013) Astrochemistry and Astrobiology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Biró P, Kern W, Paulusma D, Wojuteczky P (2016) The Stable Fixtures Problem with Payments. In: Mayr EW (ed) Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science: 41st International Workshop, WG 2015, Garching, Germany, June 17-19, 2015, Revised Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 49–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antonie van Leeuwenhoek.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) The Amazing Things Poo Can Tell You About An Animal’s Health. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/amazing-things-poo-can-tell-you-about-animal-s-health/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985) Use of the Public Law 94-142 Set-Aside Shows Both the Flexibility Intended by the Law and the Need for Improved Reporting. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bennett CA (2012) The stigma of mental illness as experienced by mental health professionals as patients: A phenomenological study. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Prochnik G (2015) Days of Observance. New York Times BR16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (El-Awady 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Atkins and Gesteland 2002; El-Awady 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Atkins and Gesteland 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Amaral et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAntonie van Leeuwenhoek
AbbreviationAntonie Van Leeuwenhoek
ISSN (print)0003-6072
ISSN (online)1572-9699
ScopeMolecular Biology
Microbiology
General Medicine

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