How to format your references using the Antonie van Leeuwenhoek citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antonie van Leeuwenhoek. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2003) Moving targets. Nature 423:1021
A journal article with 2 authors
Krieger MJB, Ross KG (2002) Identification of a major gene regulating complex social behavior. Science 295:328–332
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu M, Johnston MB, Snaith HJ (2013) Efficient planar heterojunction perovskite solar cells by vapour deposition. Nature 501:395–398
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Celis C, Scurrah M, Cowgill S, et al (2004) Environmental biosafety and transgenic potato in a centre of diversity for this crop. Nature 432:222–225

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Broome J (2017) Weighing Goods. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
de Hart J, Dekker P, Halman L (eds) (2013) Religion and Civil Society in Europe. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Yeaman MR, Bayer AS (2006) Antimicrobial Peptides Versus Invasive Infections. In: Shafer WM (ed) Antimicrobial Peptides and Human Disease. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 111–152

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antonie van Leeuwenhoek.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) 18 “Healthy” Beverages That Surprisingly Contain A Ton Of Sugar. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/18-healthy-beverages-that-surprisingly-contain-a-ton-of-sugar/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Trade Adjustment Assistance: Labor Awarded Community College Grants in Accordance with Requirements, but Needs to Improve Its Process. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jackson MA (2015) An action research study of collaborative relationhips between psychotherapists and medical doctors. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2007) Justices, 5-4, Accept No Excuses From Inmate for Mistaken Late Filing of an Appeal. New York Times A18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Krieger and Ross 2002; Smaglik 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krieger and Ross 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Celis et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAntonie van Leeuwenhoek
AbbreviationAntonie Van Leeuwenhoek
ISSN (print)0003-6072
ISSN (online)1572-9699
ScopeMolecular Biology
Microbiology
General Medicine

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