How to format your references using the Numerische Mathematik citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Numerische Mathematik. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A.: Rising star crashes back to Earth. Nature. 419, 420–421 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Pörtner, H.O., Knust, R.: Climate change affects marine fishes through the oxygen limitation of thermal tolerance. Science. 315, 95–97 (2007)
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao, B.S., Meijer, G., Schöllkopf, W.: Quantum reflection of He2 several nanometers above a grating surface. Science. 331, 892–894 (2011)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Omi, T., Ogata, Y., Hirata, Y., Aihara, K.: Forecasting large aftershocks within one day after the main shock. Sci. Rep. 3, 2218 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The American Ceramic Society: Progress in Nanotechnology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2009)
An edited book
Stalke, D. ed: Electron Density and Chemical Bonding I: Experimental Charge Density Studies. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Lucero, P.I., Mikkelsen, C.A., Ares, S.E.: How Are We Today? Quality of Urban Life in Argentina First Contributions from the Households Permanent Survey (2003–2012). In: Tonon, G. (ed.) Indicators of Quality of Life in Latin America. pp. 81–108. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Numerische Mathematik.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: CERN Just Released The First Results From Their Latest Experiment,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Illegal Aliens: Assessing Estimates of Financial Burden on California. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1994)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Iniguez, D.: Mentoring through performing arts; A grant proposal for at risk youth in middle school, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J.: Trinity Church Is Sued For Moving a Sculpture, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNumerische Mathematik
AbbreviationNumer. Math. (Heidelb.)
ISSN (print)0029-599X
ISSN (online)0945-3245
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

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