How to format your references using the Journal of Korean Medical Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Korean Medical Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rice M. Physics. Superfluid helium-3 has a metallic partner. Science. 2004 Nov 12;306(5699):1142–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou S, Bongiorno A. Origin of the chemical and kinetic stability of graphene oxide. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2484.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pasham DR, Strohmayer TE, Mushotzky RF. A 400-solar-mass black hole in the galaxy M82. Nature. 2014 Sep 4;513(7516):74–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yang G, Nagel DH, Feschotte C, Hancock CN, Wessler SR. Tuned for transposition: molecular determinants underlying the hyperactivity of a Stowaway MITE. Science. 2009 Sep 11;325(5946):1391–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knowles R. 200 Contractual Problems and their Solutions. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
An edited book
Trepte S, Reinecke L, editors. Privacy Online: Perspectives on Privacy and Self-Disclosure in the Social Web. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. XI, 269 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Clasen TF. Intent to Impact – Diluted Safe Water Monitoring. In: Thomas EA, editor. Broken Pumps and Promises: Incentivizing Impact in Environmental Health. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 47–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Korean Medical Science.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Pluto’s Halo Craters Revealed In New Images [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Medicare: New Claims Processing System Benefits and Acquisition Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Jan. Report No.: HEHS/AIMD-94-79.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garatli AA. What are the necessary skills for leading an online business in Saudi Arabia? [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nir SM, Mueller B, Navarro M. A Tarnished Family Empire. New York Times. 2015 Apr 19;MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Korean Medical Science
AbbreviationJ. Korean Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)1011-8934
ISSN (online)1598-6357
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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