How to format your references using the Journal of Korean Medical Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Korean Medical Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Grogan D. The microbes within. Nature. 2015 Feb 26;518(7540):S2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Santen L, Krauth W. Absence of thermodynamic phase transition in a model glass former. Nature. 2000 Jun 1;405(6786):550–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Logvenov G, Gozar A, Bozovic I. High-temperature superconductivity in a single copper-oxygen plane. Science. 2009 Oct 30;326(5953):699–702.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Bermejo M, Rodríguez-Teijeiro JD, Illera G, Barroso A, Vilà C, Walsh PD. Ebola outbreak killed 5000 gorillas. Science. 2006 Dec 8;314(5805):1564.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Richards SA, Hollerton JC. Essential Practical NMR for Organic Chemistry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Dundas BI, Levine M, Østvær PA, Röndigs O, Voevodsky V, editors. Motivic Homotopy Theory: Lectures at a Summer School in Nordfjordeid, Norway, August 2002. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. X, 226 p. (Universitext).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ibach H, Lüth H. Dynamics of Atoms in Crystals. In: Lüth H, editor. Solid-State Physics: An Introduction to Principles of Materials Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 83–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Korean Medical Science.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. What The World’s Oldest Calculator Tells Us About The Ancient Greeks’ View Of The Universe [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/what-the-worlds-oldest-calculator-tells-us-about-the-ancient-greeks-view-of-the-universe/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: DOD’s Small Business Innovation Research Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Apr. Report No.: RCED-97-122.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
McElhoes JL. Spatial, Technological, and Functional Variability Among the Prehistoric Ceramics of the Southern California Coast [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Lipton E, Protess B, Lehren AW. Blue-Red Split: From Capitol To 18th Green. New York Times. 2017 Sep 9;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Korean Medical Science
AbbreviationJ. Korean Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)1011-8934
ISSN (online)1598-6357
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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