How to format your references using the Journal of Korean Medical Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Korean Medical Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Michel-Kerjan E. We must build resilience into our communities. Nature. 2015 Aug 27;524(7566):389.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Curry Rogers K, Forster CA. The last of the dinosaur titans: a new sauropod from Madagascar. Nature. 2001 Aug 2;412(6846):530–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Parkin SSP, Hayashi M, Thomas L. Magnetic domain-wall racetrack memory. Science. 2008 Apr 11;320(5873):190–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Pasquarello A, Petri I, Salmon PS, Parisel O, Car R, Toth E, et al. First solvation shell of the Cu(II) aqua ion: evidence for fivefold coordination. Science. 2001 Feb 2;291(5505):856–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bennett DH. Bennett’s Cardiac Arrhythmias. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Murray-Smith R, Shorten R, editors. Switching and Learning in Feedback Systems: European Summer School on Multi-Agent Control, Maynooth, Ireland, September 8-10, 2003, Revised Lectures and Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. X, 346 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 3355).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Magarelli N, Carducci C, Dell’Atti C. Imaging of the Shoulder. In: Milano G, Grasso A, editors. Shoulder Arthroscopy: Principles and Practice. London: Springer; 2014. p. 45–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Korean Medical Science.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. Timelapse Video Of What London’s Night Sky Would Look Like During A Blackout [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/timelapse-video-shows-what-london-s-sky-would-look-during-blackout/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. November 1988 Internet Computer Virus and the Vulnerability of National Telecommunications Networks to Computer Viruses. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Jul. Report No.: T-IMTEC-89-10.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Newfang DA. A Historical Assessment of Asbestos Exposure, Abatement Methods and Containment Efficacy During Asbestos Containing Material Removal Activities at a Large Federal Facility [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K. Plan for a Bryant Park Carousel Comes Around Yet Again. New York Times. 2001 Dec 30;144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Korean Medical Science
AbbreviationJ. Korean Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)1011-8934
ISSN (online)1598-6357
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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