How to format your references using the Journal of Korean Medical Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Korean Medical Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kazilek C. SPORE series winner. Got a question? “Ask A Biologist.” Science. 2010 Nov 26;330(6008):1192–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Khudiyev T, Bayindir M. Superenhancers: novel opportunities for nanowire optoelectronics. Sci Rep. 2014 Dec 16;4:7505.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lightowlers RN, Taylor RW, Turnbull DM. Mutations causing mitochondrial disease: What is new and what challenges remain? Science. 2015 Sep 25;349(6255):1494–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bowers JE, Chapman BA, Rong J, Paterson AH. Unravelling angiosperm genome evolution by phylogenetic analysis of chromosomal duplication events. Nature. 2003 Mar 27;422(6930):433–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown M, Cutler TJ. Haematology Nursing. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2012.
An edited book
Morari M, Thiele L, editors. Hybrid Systems: Computation and Control: 8th International Workshop, HSCC 2005, Zurich, Switzerland, March 9-11, 2005. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. XII, 684 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 3414).
A chapter in an edited book
Cominetti R, Facchinei F, Lasserre JB. Chapter 5 Parametric Polynomial Optimization. In: Facchinei F, Lasserre JB, editors. Modern Optimization Modelling Techniques. Basel: Springer; 2012. p. 93–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Korean Medical Science.

Blog post
Andrew E. Orange Is The New Black Gold: How Peel Could Replace Crude Oil In Plastics [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Misuse of Federal Funds Provided for the Midwest Regional Conference on Science, Technology, and State Government. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971 May. Report No.: B-171679.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meissner R. Analyzing inpatient hospital costs by payer: What do they mean for the future of health care in America? [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Not for the First Time, Harvey Apologizes. New York Times. 2017 May 9;B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Korean Medical Science
AbbreviationJ. Korean Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)1011-8934
ISSN (online)1598-6357
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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