How to format your references using the Journal of Korean Medical Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Korean Medical Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vogel C. Evolution. Protein expression under pressure. Science. 2013 Nov 29;342(6162):1052–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Herzog RW, Ostrov DA. Immunology. A decorated virus cannot hide. Science. 2012 Nov 9;338(6108):748–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hayes D, Griffin GB, Engel GS. Response to Comment on “Engineering coherence among excited states in synthetic heterodimer systems.” Science. 2014 Jun 6;344(6188):1099.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dehlinger G, Diehl L, Gennser U, Sigg H, Faist J, Ensslin K, et al. Intersubband electroluminescence from silicon-based quantum cascade structures. Science. 2000 Dec 22;290(5500):2277–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown DJ. Cinnolines and Phthalazines: Supplement II. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005. (Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds: A Series Of Monographs).
An edited book
Bruijn J de. Modeling Semantic Web Services: The Web Service Modeling Language. Fensel D, Kerrigan M, Keller U, Lausen H, Scicluna J, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. XIV, 192 p. 28 illus.
A chapter in an edited book
Marasinghe MG, Kennedy WJ. Analysis of Variance Models. In: Kennedy WJ, editor. SAS for Data Analysis: Intermediate Statistical Methods. New York, NY: Springer; 2008. p. 1–113. (Statistics and Computing).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Korean Medical Science.

Blog post
Andrew E. Ice ‘Lightning’ May Have Helped Life Survive Snowball Earth. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Transportation Safety Board: Progress Made in Management Practices, Investigation Priorities, Training Center Use, and Information Security, But These Areas Continue to Need Improvement. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008 Apr. Report No.: GAO-08-652T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dorrance AM. The Role of the Partial Tandem Duplication of MLL (MLL PTD) in Leukemogenesis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justice Recalls Treats Laced With Poison. New York Times. 2006 Nov 17;A29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Korean Medical Science
AbbreviationJ. Korean Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)1011-8934
ISSN (online)1598-6357
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles