How to format your references using the Pulse citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pulse. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Cole ST. Microbiology. Pyrazinamide--old TB drug finds new target. Science. 2011 Sep;333(6049):1583–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Andersson C, Read D. Group size and cultural complexity. Nature. 2014 Jul;511(7507):E1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Rozitis B, MacLennan E, Emery JP. Cohesive forces prevent the rotational breakup of rubble-pile asteroid (29075) 1950 DA. Nature. 2014 Aug;512(7513):174–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Geffeney SL, Fujimoto E, Brodie ED 3rd, Brodie ED Jr, Ruben PC. Evolutionary diversification of TTX-resistant sodium channels in a predator-prey interaction. Nature. 2005 Apr;434(7034):759–63.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Cooper JD. Soil Water Measurement. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1
Downey RG. Fundamentals of Parameterized Complexity. London: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Li W, Zou Z. Cross-Reactivity. In: Tao A, Raz E, editors. Allergy Bioinformatics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015; pp 67–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pulse.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Amazing Video Takes You INSIDE The Largest Photograph Ever Taken [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Jan

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Environmental Satellites: Improvements Needed in NOAA’s Mitigation Strategies as It Prepares for Potential Satellite Coverage Gaps. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Waldner BW. Determining Relationships Between Technology Acceptance and Employee Attitudes Toward Automated Workflows in the Oil Industry. 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Kelly DA. Video Catching Up to Photos When It Comes to Sharing. New York Times. 2006 Jun;C11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePulse
AbbreviationPulse (Basel)
ISSN (print)2235-8676
ISSN (online)2235-8668
Scope

Other styles