How to format your references using the Pulse citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pulse. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Normile D. Strange behavior at one dimension. Science. 2000 Nov;290(5496):1531.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li W, Chetelat RT. A pollen factor linking inter- and intraspecific pollen rejection in tomato. Science. 2010 Dec;330(6012):1827–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barsh GS, Farooqi IS, O’Rahilly S. Genetics of body-weight regulation. Nature. 2000 Apr;404(6778):644–51.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wagner K, Janousek J, Delaubert V, Zou H, Harb C, Treps N, et al. Entangling the spatial properties of laser beams. Science. 2008 Jul;321(5888):541–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee Abbott M, McKinney J. Understanding and Applying Research Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Kubitschko S, Kaun A, editors. Innovative Methods in Media and Communication Research. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Epstein SL, Petrovic S. Learning a Mixture of Search Heuristics. In: Hamadi Y, Monfroy E, Saubion F, editors. Autonomous Search. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012; pp 97–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pulse.

Blog post
Andrew E. Key Ingredient For Life Discovered On Mars [Internet]. IFLScience. 2015 Mar


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Data Processing: SBA Needs To Strengthen Management of Its Computer Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Theis JY. Accessing mental health services among Asian American adults: Evidence from the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS). 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) LG. National Briefing | Washington: Chunk Of Marble Falls From Supreme Court. New York Times. 2005 Nov;A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePulse
AbbreviationPulse (Basel)
ISSN (print)2235-8676
ISSN (online)2235-8668

Other styles