How to format your references using the Pulse citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pulse. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Jackson CM. Archaeology. Glassmaking in Bronze-Age Egypt. Science. 2005 Jun;308(5729):1750–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Myers MG Jr, Olson DP. Central nervous system control of metabolism. Nature. 2012 Nov;491(7424):357–63.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Stroud RM, Nittler LR, Alexander CMO. Polymorphism in presolar Al2O3 grains from asymptotic giant branch stars. Science. 2004 Sep;305(5689):1455–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Brunson JK, McKinnie SMK, Chekan JR, McCrow JP, Miles ZD, Bertrand EM, et al. Biosynthesis of the neurotoxin domoic acid in a bloom-forming diatom. Science. 2018 Sep;361(6409):1356–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Heimann RB, Lehmann HD. Bioceramic Coatings for Medical Implants. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2015.
An edited book
1
Kiel E, editor. Drive Solutions: Mechatronics for Production and Logistics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Costa EP, Lorena AC, Carvalho ACPLF, Freitas AA. Top-Down Hierarchical Ensembles of Classifiers for Predicting G-Protein-Coupled-Receptor Functions. In: Bazzan ALC, Craven M, Martins NF, editors. Advances in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology: Third Brazilian Symposium on Bioinformatics, BSB 2008, Santo André, Brazil, August 28-30, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008; pp 35–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pulse.

Blog post
1
Davis J. Air Pollution Found To Kill More People In Africa Than Malnutrition Or Unsafe Drinking Water [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Oct [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/air-pollution-found-to-kill-more-people-in-africa-than-malnutrition-or-unsafe-drinking-water/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. HHS’s Efforts to Promote Health Information Technology and Legal Barriers to Its Adoption. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Martinez J. Effective nonprofit collaborative networks. 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Surico J. The Film Festival in a Backyard. New York Times. 2017 Oct;MB3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePulse
AbbreviationPulse (Basel)
ISSN (print)2235-8676
ISSN (online)2235-8668
Scope

Other styles