How to format your references using the Annual Review of Statistics and Its Application citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Statistics and Its Application. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chatenoud L. 2014. Immunology. Teaching the immune system “self” respect and tolerance. Science. 344(6190):1343–44
A journal article with 2 authors
Lewis CL, Coffroth MA. 2004. The acquisition of exogenous algal symbionts by an octocoral after bleaching. Science. 304(5676):1490–92
A journal article with 3 authors
Kobayashi T, Saito T, Ohtani H. 2001. Real-time spectroscopy of transition states in bacteriorhodopsin during retinal isomerization. Nature. 414(6863):531–34
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mickelson W, Aloni S, Han W-Q, Cumings J, Zettl A. 2003. Packing C60 in boron nitride nanotubes. Science. 300(5618):467–69

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kobilinsky L, Liotti TF, Oeser-Sweat J. 2004. DNA: Forensic and Legal Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lu T. 2014. Video Text Detection. London: Springer. X, 264 p. 160 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
Averchi M. 2015. Husserl and Geiger on Feelings and Intentionality. In Feeling and Value, Willing and Action: Essays in the Context of a Phenomenological Psychology, ed M Ubiali, M Wehrle, pp. 71–91. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Statistics and Its Application.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2016. How To Watch Next Week’s Geminid Meteor Shower. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1982. Improving COBOL Application Can Recover Significant Computer Resources. AFMD-82-4, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cordova M. 2009. The impact of a teacher training program on student engagement. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED MJ. 2017. Buffett Bets on Energy With $9 Billion Bid for Texas Utility. New York Times, July 7, p. B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Statistics and Its Application
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Stat. Appl.
ISSN (print)2326-8298
ISSN (online)2326-831X
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability

Other styles