How to format your references using the Annual Review of Statistics and Its Application citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Statistics and Its Application. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dinman JD. 2015. Molecular biology: Entry signals control development. Nature. 517(7532):24–25
A journal article with 2 authors
Day M, Morris RG. 2001. Memory consolidation and NMDA receptors: discrepancy between genetic and pharmacological approaches. Science. 293(5531):755
A journal article with 3 authors
Turvey ST, Green OR, Holdaway RN. 2005. Cortical growth marks reveal extended juvenile development in New Zealand moa. Nature. 435(7044):940–43
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Polyak L, Edwards MH, Coakley BJ, Jakobsson M. 2001. Ice shelves in the Pleistocene Arctic Ocean inferred from glaciogenic deep-sea bedforms. Nature. 410(6827):453–57

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ocic O. 2004. Oil Refineries in the 21st Century. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
An edited book
Eyden B. 2013. The Ultrastructure of Human Tumours: Applications in Diagnosis and Research. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XVI, 680 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Sunar F. 2008. The Importance Of Itu-Cscrs For Natural Disaster Monitoring: A Case Study – Flooding In The Maritsa River. In Integration of Information for Environmental Security, ed HG Coskun, HK Cigizoglu, MD Maktav, pp. 83–89. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Statistics and Its Application.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Some Shape-Shifting Animals That Can Morph To Fool Others. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. School Finance: Per-Pupil Spending Differences between Selected Inner City and Suburban Schools Varied by Metropolitan Area. GAO-03-234, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yang SJ. 2014. Adapting Korean Cinderella Folklore as Fairy Tales for Children. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. 2017. ‘La La Land’ Music Jumps to No. 2. New York Times, Jan. 16, p. C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Statistics and Its Application
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Stat. Appl.
ISSN (print)2326-8298
ISSN (online)2326-831X
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Statistics and Probability

Other styles