How to format your references using the Annual Review of Phytopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Phytopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker M. 2015. Antibody anarchy: A call to order. Nature. 527(7579):545–51
A journal article with 2 authors
Patrinos A, Drell D. 2002. The times they are a-changin’. Nature. 417(6889):589–90
A journal article with 3 authors
Garrick-Bethell I, Wisdom J, Zuber MT. 2006. Evidence for a past high-eccentricity lunar orbit. Science. 313(5787):652–55
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hauert C, Traulsen A, Brandt H, Nowak MA, Sigmund K. 2007. Via freedom to coercion: the emergence of costly punishment. Science. 316(5833):1905–7

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Spiegel R. 2005. Psychopharmacology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Bordogna G, Psaila G, eds. 2006. Flexible Databases Supporting Imprecision and Uncertainty, Vol. 203. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XV, 346 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Luo C, Liu Y, Zhang M, Ma S. 2014. Query Ambiguity Identification Based on User Behavior Information. In Information Retrieval Technology: 10th Asia Information Retrieval Societies Conference, AIRS 2014, Kuching, Malaysia, December 3-5, 2014. Proceedings, ed A Jaafar, N Mohamad Ali, SA Mohd Noah, AF Smeaton, P Bruza, et al., pp. 36–47. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Phytopathology.

Blog post
Fang J. 2014. Fanged Deer Spotted In Afghanistan. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Technology Transfers: Benefits of Cooperative R&D Agreements. RCED-95-52, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Irving AV. 2017. Occupational Stress and Law Enforcement Officer Significant Relationships. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Himelstein L. 2017. Hotel Buffets, a Culprit of Waste, Get Downsized. New York Times, Sep. 8, p. D4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (2, 6–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Phytopathology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Phytopathol.
ISSN (print)0066-4286
ISSN (online)1545-2107
ScopePlant Science

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