How to format your references using the Annual Review of Phytopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Phytopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holdren JP. 2005. Retrospective. Joseph Rotblat (1908-2005). Science. 310(5748):633
A journal article with 2 authors
Kuang S, Zhang T. 2014. Smelling directions: olfaction modulates ambiguous visual motion perception. Sci. Rep. 4:5796
A journal article with 3 authors
Purohit P, Mitra A, Auerbach A. 2007. A stepwise mechanism for acetylcholine receptor channel gating. Nature. 446(7138):930–33
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pearson PN, Ditchfield PW, Singano J, Harcourt-Brown KG, Nicholas CJ, et al. 2001. Warm tropical sea surface temperatures in the Late Cretaceous and Eocene epochs. Nature. 413(6855):481–87

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abdullaeva Z. 2017. Nano- and Biomaterials. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
An edited book
Gutiérrez-López GF, Barbosa-Cánovas GV, Welti-Chanes J, Parada-Arias E, eds. 2008. Food Engineering: Integrated Approaches. New York, NY: Springer. XXIV, 476 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Skews BW, Bugarin S. 2005. Shock induced porous barrier flows, with underlying wall pressure amplification. In Shock Waves: Proceedings of the 24th International Symposium on Shock Waves Beijing, China July 11–16, 2004, ed Z Jiang, pp. 49–56. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Phytopathology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2015. NASA Chief Suggests The U.S. May Start Working With China In Space. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1984. NASA’s Requirement for a Single Solid Rocket Refurbishment and Assembly Facility at Kennedy Space Center. NSIAD-84-124, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olszewski RM. 2012. Donor Motivations for Donating to a Nonprofit Without a Previous Relationship. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Philipps D. 2017. ‘I Would Love for My President to Meet Me.’ New York Times, July 26, p. A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (2, 4, 7, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Phytopathology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Phytopathol.
ISSN (print)0066-4286
ISSN (online)1545-2107
ScopePlant Science

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