How to format your references using the Annual Review of Phytopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Phytopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seife C. 2000. ASTRONOMY: Brown Dwarf’s Flare Opens X-ray Eyes. Science. 289(5478):373a–74
A journal article with 2 authors
Knutson BA, Hahn S. 2011. Yeast Rrn7 and human TAF1B are TFIIB-related RNA polymerase I general transcription factors. Science. 333(6049):1637–40
A journal article with 3 authors
Mace GM, Gittleman JL, Purvis A. 2003. Preserving the tree of life. Science. 300(5626):1707–9
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liu C-F, Fan H, Gou S-C, Liu W-M. 2014. Crystallized and amorphous vortices in rotating atomic-molecular Bose-Einstein condensates. Sci. Rep. 4:4224

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnes P, Davies M. 2009. Sub-Contracting under the JCT 2005 Forms. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell
An edited book
Gravett LS. 2016. Learning Agility: The Impact on Recruitment and Retention. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US. XIV, 146 p. 7 illus., 4 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Feig DI. 2011. CRP, Uric Acid, and Other Novel Factors in the Pathogenesis of Hypertension. In Pediatric Hypertension, ed JT Flynn, JR Ingelfinger, RJ Portman, pp. 75–90. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Phytopathology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. New Horizons’ Close Encounter with Pluto will Reveal its Icy Secrets. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. GAO-04-214R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Daly KM. 2008. Cinema 3.0: How digital and computer technologies are changing cinema. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW, Dewan S. 2012. Governors’ Rulings Mean Lower Deductibles for Storm-Tossed Homeowners. New York Times, Nov. 1, p. B4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (3, 6–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Phytopathology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Phytopathol.
ISSN (print)0066-4286
ISSN (online)1545-2107
ScopePlant Science

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