How to format your references using the Annual Review of Phytopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Phytopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clevers H. 2015. STEM CELLS. What is an adult stem cell? Science. 350(6266):1319–20
A journal article with 2 authors
Schrag DP, Alley RB. 2004. Physics. Ancient lessons for our future climate. Science. 306(5697):821–22
A journal article with 3 authors
Rhew RC, Miller BR, Weiss RF. 2000. Natural methyl bromide and methyl chloride emissions from coastal salt marshes. Nature. 403(6767):292–95
A journal article with 7 or more authors
de Noronha CM, Sherman MP, Lin HW, Cavrois MV, Moir RD, et al. 2001. Dynamic disruptions in nuclear envelope architecture and integrity induced by HIV-1 Vpr. Science. 294(5544):1105–8

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rapaport H. 2011. The Literary Theory Toolkit. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Keyfitz N. 2005. Applied Mathematical Demography. New York, NY: Springer. XXVI, 558 p. 74 illus p. Third Edition ed.
A chapter in an edited book
Ajuwon AJ. 2015. Access to Bioethics Education in Nigeria: Past History, Current Situation, and Opportunities for the Future. In Bioethics Education in a Global Perspective: Challenges in global bioethics, ed HAMJ ten Have, pp. 65–71. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Phytopathology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2013. New magnetic cycle of the Sun has begun as its magnetic field “flips upside down.” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Information Technology: Foundational Steps Being Taken to Make Needed FBI Systems Modernization Management Improvements. GAO-04-842, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luong W. 2009. An identity building program for American-born children of Southeast Asian refugees. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L. 2008. NOW SHOWING | A MOVABLE FEAST. New York Times, Dec. 7, p. M282

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (2, 6–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Phytopathology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Phytopathol.
ISSN (print)0066-4286
ISSN (online)1545-2107
ScopePlant Science

Other styles