How to format your references using the Annual Review of Phytopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Phytopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bunk S. 2001. Better microscopes will be instrumental in nanotechnology development. Nature. 410(6824):127–29
A journal article with 2 authors
Chaffer CL, Weinberg RA. 2011. A perspective on cancer cell metastasis. Science. 331(6024):1559–64
A journal article with 3 authors
Gadalla MN, Abdel-Rahman M, Shamim A. 2014. Design, optimization and fabrication of a 28.3 THz nano-rectenna for infrared detection and rectification. Sci. Rep. 4:4270
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fujita Y, Furushima R, Ohno H, Sagawa F, Inoue T. 2014. Cell-surface receptor control that depends on the size of a synthetic equilateral-triangular RNA-protein complex. Sci. Rep. 4:6422

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Britton M. 2015. YouthNation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc
An edited book
Bai YL, Zheng QS, Wei YG, eds. 2007. IUTAM Symposium on Mechanical Behavior and Micro-Mechanics of Nanostructured Materials: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium held in Beijing, China, June 27–30, 2005, Vol. 144. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. XVI, 261 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Bierman G, Meijer E, Torgersen M. 2010. Adding Dynamic Types to C $^\sharp$. In ECOOP 2010 – Object-Oriented Programming: 24th European Conference, Maribor, Slovenia, June 21-25, 2010. Proceedings, ed T D’Hondt, pp. 76–100. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Phytopathology.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2014. Cuckoos Use Mafia Tactics, And They Work. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. Space Acquisitions: Challenges in Commercializing Technologies Developed under the Small Business Innovation Research Program. GAO-11-21, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shlapak A. 2013. Mental health of foster youth in Ventura County. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J. 2017. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, May 19, p. MM26

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (2, 4, 7, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Phytopathology
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Phytopathol.
ISSN (print)0066-4286
ISSN (online)1545-2107
ScopePlant Science

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