How to format your references using the Annual Review of Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gordon JI. 2012. Honor thy gut symbionts redux. Science. 336(6086):1251–53
A journal article with 2 authors
Klose R, Bird A. 2003. Molecular biology. MeCP2 repression goes nonglobal. Science. 302(5646):793–95
A journal article with 3 authors
Fehr E, Bernhard H, Rockenbach B. 2008. Egalitarianism in young children. Nature. 454(7208):1079–83
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zeng N, Ding Y, Pan J, Wang H, Gregg J. 2008. Sustainable development. Climate change--the Chinese challenge. Science. 319(5864):730–31

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leuf B. 2006. The Semantic Web. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Liyanage I, Walker T, eds. 2014. English for Academic Purposes (EAP) in Asia: Negotiating Appropriate Practices in a Global Context. Rotterdam: SensePublishers
A chapter in an edited book
Du Y, Wang R, Qu J. 2013. Spike Train Pattern and Firing Synchronization in a Model of the Olfactory Mitral Cell. In Advances in Neural Networks – ISNN 2013: 10th International Symposium on Neural Networks, Dalian, China, July 4-6, 2013, Proceedings, Part I, eds. C Guo, Z-G Hou, Z Zeng, pp. 28–35. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Nanotechnology To Outer Space: Ten Top Tech Innovations Of 2014. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Visibility and Leadership: The Changing Federal Role in Education. 147976, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Muehlhauser C. 2017. Perceived Criticism, Self-Criticism, and Disordered Eating Patterns in College Students. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Senior J. 2017. A Teenager’s Mind At War With Itself. New York Times, Oct. 10, , p. C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gordon 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Gordon 2012; Klose & Bird 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Klose & Bird 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Zeng et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Neuroscience
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0147-006X
ISSN (online)1545-4126
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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