How to format your references using the Annual Review of Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rylance R. 2015. Grant giving: Global funders to focus on interdisciplinarity. Nature. 525(7569):313–15
A journal article with 2 authors
Kiatpongsan S, Sipp D. 2009. Medicine. Monitoring and regulating offshore stem cell clinics. Science. 323(5921):1564–65
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen Y, Emerson JJ, Martin TM. 2005. Evolutionary genomics: codon volatility does not detect selection. Nature. 433(7023):E6-7; discussion E7-8
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Anopheles gambiae 1000 Genomes Consortium, Data analysis group, Partner working group, Sample collections—Angola:, Burkina Faso:, et al. 2017. Genetic diversity of the African malaria vector Anopheles gambiae. Nature. 552(7683):96–100

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Darbyshire P, Hampton D. 2014. Hedge Fund Modelling and Analysis Using MATLAB ®. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Brezzi F, Colli Franzone P, Gianazza U, Gilardi G, eds. 2013. Analysis and Numerics of Partial Differential Equations, Vol. 4. Milano: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Kundu M. 2013. Helicobacter pylori Peptidyl Prolyl cis, trans Isomerase: A Modulator of the Host Immune Response. In Moonlighting Cell Stress Proteins in Microbial Infections, ed. B Henderson, pp. 81–91. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Neuroscience.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 2016. Why Has Japan’s Massacre Of Disabled Gone Unnoticed? For Answers, Look To The Past. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. Weekend Settlement: Potential Benefits, Costs, and Legal Issues. GAO-02-938, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lowden MR. 2008. Genesis of end-to-end chromosome fusions. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. 2014. Organizer Says It Will Reinstate Appearance Fees for Top Racers. New York Times, Jan. 23, , p. B14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rylance 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kiatpongsan & Sipp 2009; Rylance 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kiatpongsan & Sipp 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Anopheles gambiae 1000 Genomes Consortium et al. 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Neuroscience
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0147-006X
ISSN (online)1545-4126
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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