How to format your references using the Annual Review of Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kung C. 2005. A possible unifying principle for mechanosensation. Nature. 436(7051):647–54
A journal article with 2 authors
Slee EA, Lu X. 2013. Requirement for phosphorylation of P53 at Ser312 in suppression of chemical carcinogenesis. Sci. Rep. 3:3105
A journal article with 3 authors
Lampard GR, Macalister CA, Bergmann DC. 2008. Arabidopsis stomatal initiation is controlled by MAPK-mediated regulation of the bHLH SPEECHLESS. Science. 322(5904):1113–16
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Calderaro A, Arcangeletti M-C, Rodighiero I, Buttrini M, Gorrini C, et al. 2014. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry applied to virus identification. Sci. Rep. 4:6803

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stocker AA. 2006. Analog VLSI Circuits for the Perception of Visual Motion. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
S M, Kumar SS, eds. 2013. Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Signal and Image Processing 2012 (ICSIP 2012): Volume 1, Vol. 221. New Delhi: Springer India
A chapter in an edited book
Stern JM. 2007. Psychological Aspects of Faecal Incontinence. In Fecal Incontinence: Diagnosis and Treatment, eds. C Ratto, GB Doglietto, AC Lowry, L Påhlman, G Romano, pp. 67–71. Milano: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Neuroscience.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2014. Canadian Weather Forecasters Forbidden From Discussing Climate Change. IFLScience

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Airport and Airway Trust Fund: Preliminary Observations on Past, Present, and Future. GAO-05-657T, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Newsome GA. 2009. Novel instrumentation and method development for a quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. 2009. Facebook Status? In Town and Wondering What to Do. New York Times, May 7, , p. F5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kung 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Kung 2005; Slee & Lu 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Slee & Lu 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Calderaro et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Neuroscience
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0147-006X
ISSN (online)1545-4126
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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