How to format your references using the Annual Review of Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greene MT. 2000. High achiever. Nature. 407(6807):947
A journal article with 2 authors
Yanovsky MJ, Kay SA. 2002. Molecular basis of seasonal time measurement in Arabidopsis. Nature. 419(6904):308–12
A journal article with 3 authors
Nandy D, Muñoz-Jaramillo A, Martens PCH. 2011. The unusual minimum of sunspot cycle 23 caused by meridional plasma flow variations. Nature. 471(7336):80–82
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Johnson PA, Savage H, Knuth M, Gomberg J, Marone C. 2008. Effects of acoustic waves on stick-slip in granular media and implications for earthquakes. Nature. 451(7174):57–60

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thatcher A. 2011. God, Sex, and Gender. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell
An edited book
Pasila F, Tanoto Y, Lim R, Santoso M, Pah ND, eds. 2016. Proceedings of Second International Conference on Electrical Systems, Technology and Information 2015 (ICESTI 2015), Vol. 365. Singapore: Springer. 1st ed. 2016 ed.
A chapter in an edited book
Martinez M-J, Hinde JP. 2014. Random Effects Ordinal Time Models for Grouped Toxicological Data from a Biological Control Assay. In Statistical Modelling in Biostatistics and Bioinformatics: Selected Papers, eds. G MacKenzie, D Peng, pp. 45–58. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Neuroscience.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. How We Showed ‘Sleeping On It’ Really Is The Best Way To Solve A Problem. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Space Acquisitions: DOD Delivering New Generations of Satellites, but Space System Acquisition Challenges Remain. GAO-11-590T, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Foley JD. 2012. Comparing Kac-Moody groups over the complex numbers and fields of positive characteristic via homotopy theory. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt LF. 2006. The Wit of Gilbert and Sullivan, the Joys of Yiddish. New York Times, April 16, , p. 14LI8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greene 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Greene 2000; Yanovsky & Kay 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yanovsky & Kay 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Johnson et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Neuroscience
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0147-006X
ISSN (online)1545-4126
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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