How to format your references using the Annual Review of Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kamionkowski M. 2009. Astrophysics: Gravity ripples chased. Nature. 460(7258):964–65
A journal article with 2 authors
Sotin C, Tobie G. 2008. Planetary science. Titan’s hidden ocean. Science. 319(5870):1629–30
A journal article with 3 authors
Boyd RW, Chan KWC, O’Sullivan MN. 2007. Physics. Quantum weirdness in the lab. Science. 317(5846):1874–75
A journal article with 7 or more authors
White JD, Chen J, Matsiev D, Auerbach DJ, Wodtke AM. 2005. Conversion of large-amplitude vibration to electron excitation at a metal surface. Nature. 433(7025):503–5

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. 1999. Guidelines for Process Safety in Batch Reaction Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kifer M. 2007. Introduction to Operating System Design and Implementation: The OSP 2 Approach. London: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Afifi H, Kyriazanos D, Mirzadeh S, Pallares JJ, Pashalidis A, et al. 2010. Security in PNs. In My Personal Adaptive Global NET (MAGNET), ed. R Prasad, pp. 245–82. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Neuroscience.

Blog post
Davis J. 2015. Fracking Chemicals Discovered In Drinking Water. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Degradable Plastics: Standards, Research and Development. RCED-88-208, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ekici T. 2006. An Investigation of Credit Card Debt: The Effect of Price and Income Expectations and the Impact on Consumption. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. 2016. As Jaded as Bill Murray Trapped in a Time Warp. New York Times, Aug. 17, , p. C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kamionkowski 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Kamionkowski 2009; Sotin & Tobie 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sotin & Tobie 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (White et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Neuroscience
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0147-006X
ISSN (online)1545-4126
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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