How to format your references using the Annual Review of Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoelzel AR. 2015. CONSERVATION. Can DNA foil the poachers? Science. 349(6243):34–35
A journal article with 2 authors
Kulmala M, Petäjä T. 2011. Geochemistry. Soil nitrites influence atmospheric chemistry. Science. 333(6049):1586–87
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee T-H, Bhunia S, Mehregany M. 2010. Electromechanical computing at 500 degrees C with silicon carbide. Science. 329(5997):1316–18
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Vatanen T, Franzosa EA, Schwager R, Tripathi S, Arthur TD, et al. 2018. The human gut microbiome in early-onset type 1 diabetes from the TEDDY study. Nature. 562(7728):589–94

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
d’Andria A, Gabarret I. 2017. Building 21st Century Entrepreneurship. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rawal P. 2015. Develop on Yammer: Social Integration for Modern Business Applications. Berkeley, CA: Apress
A chapter in an edited book
Jones CW, Penzkover D, Pollard R, Kuhlmann RS. 2016. First-Trimester Embryology: An Overview. In First-Trimester Ultrasound: A Comprehensive Guide, ed. JS Abramowicz, pp. 59–76. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Neuroscience.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 2014. The Black Dragons of the Sea. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Federal Communications Commission: Direct Broadcast Satellite Public Interest Obligations. OGC-99-32, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vu MK. 2015. Reducing mental health provider burnout through wellness: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. 2015. The Roberts Court’s Reality Check. New York Times, June 25, , p. A27

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoelzel 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hoelzel 2015; Kulmala & Petäjä 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kulmala & Petäjä 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Vatanen et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Neuroscience
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0147-006X
ISSN (online)1545-4126
ScopeGeneral Neuroscience

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