How to format your references using the Geochronometria citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochronometria. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lutkenhaus J, 2008, Biochemistry. Tinkering with acellular division. Science (New York, N.Y.) 320(5877): 755–756.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dubrovinskaia N and Dubrovinsky L, 2013, Controversy about ultrahard nanotwinned cBN. Nature 502(7472): E1-2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levine B, Mizushima N and Virgin HW, 2011, Autophagy in immunity and inflammation. Nature 469(7330): 323–335.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
IceCube Collaboration, Fermi-LAT, MAGIC, AGILE, ASAS-SN, HAWC, H.E.S.S., INTEGRAL, Kanata, Kiso, Kapteyn, Liverpool Telescope, Subaru, Swift/NuSTAR, VERITAS and VLA/17B-403 teams, 2018, Multimessenger observations of a flaring blazar coincident with high-energy neutrino IceCube-170922A. Science (New York, N.Y.) 361(6398).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morrison TJ, 2000, Functional Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Seck D (ed), 2016, Accelerated Economic Growth in West Africa. Springer International Publishing: Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Fishman LM and Wilkins AN, 2011, Treating Neurological Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Identified by a Provoked Electromyographic Sign: Analysis of the Data. In: Wilkins AN (ed) Functional Electromyography: Provocative Maneuvers in Electrodiagnosis. Springer US: Boston, MA, 65–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochronometria.

Blog post
Andrew E, 2015, No Exoskeleton, No Brain Surgery: Paralyzed Man Walks Again Using Brain Waves. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005, National Airspace System: Initiatives to Reduce Flight Delays and Enhance Capacity are Ongoing but Challenges Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Agbi ES, 2010, Shadow economy and the related issues of tax evasion: A comparative analysis among Canadian workers. Doctoral dissertation, Scottsdale, AZ, Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel B, 2017, Season Over, the Rangers Are Left to Consider What Might Have Been. New York Times, 10 May, page B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lutkenhaus, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Dubrovinskaia and Dubrovinsky, 2013; Lutkenhaus, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dubrovinskaia and Dubrovinsky, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (IceCube Collaboration et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochronometria
ISSN (print)1733-8387
ISSN (online)1897-1695
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

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