How to format your references using the Annual Review of Materials Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Materials Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Höfte H. 2001. Plant biology. A Baroque residue in red wine. Science. 294(5543):795–97
A journal article with 2 authors
Freeman AS, Byers JE. 2006. Divergent induced responses to an invasive predator in marine mussel populations. Science. 313(5788):831–33
A journal article with 3 authors
Hanna JB, Schmitt D, Griffin TM. 2008. The energetic cost of climbing in primates. Science. 320(5878):898
A journal article with 7 or more authors
DePaolo RW, Abadie V, Tang F, Fehlner-Peach H, Hall JA, et al. 2011. Co-adjuvant effects of retinoic acid and IL-15 induce inflammatory immunity to dietary antigens. Nature. 471(7337):220–24

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aubry J-F, Brinzei N, Mazouni M-H. 2016. Systems Dependability Assessment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wu Y, ed. 2012. Advances in Computer, Communication, Control and Automation, Vol. 121. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XVI, 804 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Suo X, Zhu Y, Owen GS. 2008. Measuring the Complexity of Computer Security Visualization Designs. In VizSEC 2007: Proceedings of the Workshop on Visualization for Computer Security, ed JR Goodall, G Conti, K-L Ma, pp. 53–66. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Materials Research.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2017. This Artificial Retina Could Revolutionize The Way We Treat Sight Loss. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Leasing Office Space: FAA’s Denver Solicitation May Have Unduly Restricted Competition. GGD-88-72BR, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fu J. 2013. Tartuffe Lab: A developing work. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. 2017. Policyholders in Limbo After Rare Failure of Insurer. New York Times, April 1, p. BU5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Materials Research
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Mater. Res.
ISSN (print)1531-7331
ISSN (online)1545-4118
ScopeGeneral Materials Science

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