How to format your references using the Annual Review of Materials Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Materials Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Montesi LGJ. 2013. Planetary science. Solving the mascon mystery. Science. 340(6140):1535–36
A journal article with 2 authors
Yamagata M, Sanes JR. 2008. Dscam and Sidekick proteins direct lamina-specific synaptic connections in vertebrate retina. Nature. 451(7177):465–69
A journal article with 3 authors
Gong S-S, Zhu W, Sheng DN. 2014. Emergent chiral spin liquid: fractional quantum Hall effect in a kagome Heisenberg model. Sci. Rep. 4:6317
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Abdool Karim Q, Abdool Karim SS, Frohlich JA, Grobler AC, Baxter C, et al. 2010. Effectiveness and safety of tenofovir gel, an antiretroviral microbicide, for the prevention of HIV infection in women. Science. 329(5996):1168–74

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Masujima M. 2005. Applied Mathematical Methods in Theoretical Physics. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
An edited book
Ritsner M, ed. 2011. Handbook of Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders, Volume II: Phenotypic and Endophenotypic Presentations. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. XVII, 526 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Gordon MA, Sorochenko RL. 2009. Tables of Line Frequencies. In Radio Recombination Lines: Their Physics and Astronomical Applications, ed RL Sorochenko, pp. 1–36. New York, NY: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Materials Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Here’s What Your House Dust Reveals About You. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Business Systems Modernization: Internal Revenue Service Needs to Further Strengthen Program Management. GAO-04-438T, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jackson RA. 2017. Musculoskeletal Injuries in California Ocean Lifeguards. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J. 2017. A Floor of a World Trade Center Tower Is Splashed With Graffiti, by Invitation. New York Times, Feb. 20, p. A20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Materials Research
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Mater. Res.
ISSN (print)1531-7331
ISSN (online)1545-4118
ScopeGeneral Materials Science

Other styles