How to format your references using the Annual Review of Materials Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Materials Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Le Maho Y. 2002. Nature and function. Nature. 416(6876):21
A journal article with 2 authors
Medlock J, Galvani AP. 2009. Optimizing influenza vaccine distribution. Science. 325(5948):1705–8
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang J, Pray C, Rozelle S. 2002. Enhancing the crops to feed the poor. Nature. 418(6898):678–84
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Alemseged Z, Spoor F, Kimbel WH, Bobe R, Geraads D, et al. 2006. A juvenile early hominin skeleton from Dikika, Ethiopia. Nature. 443(7109):296–301

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bisen PS, Debnath M, Prasad GBKS. 2012. Microbes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gupta DK, Sandalio LM, eds. 2012. Metal Toxicity in Plants: Perception, Signaling and Remediation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. X, 264 p p. First ed.
A chapter in an edited book
Aspray W, Royer G, Ocepek MG. 2013. Trust Online: From E-Commerce to Recipe Sharing. In Food in the Internet Age, ed G Royer, MG Ocepek, pp. 61–80. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Materials Research.

Blog post
Fang J. 2014. Male Worm Brains are Wired to Choose Sex Over Food. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1973. Improvements Needed in NASA’s Estimating and Reporting of Program Costs. 093832, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Do NH. 2012. An examination of support systems to enable Vietnamese immigrants to acquire English skills. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick SM. 2015. Turkey and Trimmings, Without Dishes to Do. New York Times, Nov. 22, p. LI11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Materials Research
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Mater. Res.
ISSN (print)1531-7331
ISSN (online)1545-4118
ScopeGeneral Materials Science

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