How to format your references using the Annual Review of Materials Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Materials Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Whitney B. 2009. Astronomy. Forming massive stars. Science. 323(5915):719–20
A journal article with 2 authors
Arndt M, Brand C. 2015. QUANTUM MECHANICS. Interference of atomic clocks. Science. 349(6253):1168–69
A journal article with 3 authors
Mitchell A, Wei P, Lim WA. 2015. Oscillatory stress stimulation uncovers an Achilles’ heel of the yeast MAPK signaling network. Science. 350(6266):1379–83
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zaiss DM, Yang L, Shah PR, Kobie JJ, Urban JF, Mosmann TR. 2006. Amphiregulin, a TH2 cytokine enhancing resistance to nematodes. Science. 314(5806):1746

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
PKF International Ltd. 2017. Wiley IFRS 2017 Interpretation and Application of IFRS Standards. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Tiampo KF, Weatherley DK, Weinstein SA, eds. 2008. Earthquakes: Simulations, Sources and Tsunamis. Basel: Birkhäuser. VI, 347 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Kao Y, Chen M. 2013. Solving the CVRP Problem Using a Hybrid PSO Approach. In Computational Intelligence: Revised and Selected Papers of the International Joint Conference, IJCCI 2011, Paris, France, October 24-26, 2011, ed K Madani, A Dourado, A Rosa, J Filipe, pp. 59–67. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Materials Research.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 2016. American Medical Association Warns Of Health And Safety Problems From “White” LED Streetlights. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Intellectual Property: Leadership and Accountability Needed to Strengthen Federal Protection and Enforcement. GAO-08-921T, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Balakrishnan G. 2017. Cognitive radio cooperative spectrum sensing. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. 2010. Waiting To Discover If Water Still Flows. New York Times, Jan. 14, p. B17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Materials Research
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Mater. Res.
ISSN (print)1531-7331
ISSN (online)1545-4118
ScopeGeneral Materials Science

Other styles